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Comparison of MTX+Anti-TNF to MTX+Conventional DMARDs in Patients With Early Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Who Failed MTX Alone (SWEFOT) (SWEFOT)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00764725
First Posted: October 2, 2008
Last Update Posted: December 23, 2008
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
Karolinska Institutet
  Purpose
The Swefot trial was designed to compare two treatment strategies for patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (less than 1 year symptom duration): the use of a combination of traditional antirheumatic medications (DMARDs), versus a combination including a newer "biological" anti-TNF medication. In order to make this trial consistent with current practices in rheumatology, all patients were first given the most commonly used antirheumatic medication, methotrexate (MTX). After 3-4 months those patients who had not responded adequately to this treatment were randomized to receive either MTX plus sulfasalazine plus hydroxychloroquine, or MTX plus infliximab. Again, to be truly life-like, the trial allowed patients who could not tolerate one of the added medications to switch in treatment - but keeping with the same strategy - so that sulfasalazine plus hydroxychloroquine could be replaced by cyclosporin A, and infliximab by etanercept. The primary outcome in this trial was the percentage of patients who, after one year of treatment, achieved a "good response" as defined by Eular.

Condition Intervention Phase
Rheumatoid Arthritis Drug: conventional DMARD combination Biological: MTX plus anti-TNF Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective Randomized, Open, Multi-Center Trial Comparing TNF-Blockade + MTX to MTX+SSZ+HCQ in Patients With Early RA With an Inadequate Response to MTX

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Karolinska Institutet:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • EULAR individual response [ Time Frame: 12 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • All core set variables; function; x-ray; health-economic [ Time Frame: 6-24 months ]

Enrollment: 487
Study Start Date: December 2002
Study Completion Date: December 2008
Primary Completion Date: April 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: A
MTX+SSZ+Plaquenil
Drug: conventional DMARD combination
MTX+SSZ+Plaquenil; can be changed to MTX+cyclosporin within protocol
Other Name: MTX=Methotrexate, SSZ=Sulfasalazine, Plaquenil=HCQ
Active Comparator: B
MTX+Infliximab
Biological: MTX plus anti-TNF
MTX + infliximab; can be changed to MTX + etanercept within protocol
Other Name: infliximab=Remicade

Detailed Description:
The Swefot trial was designed to compare two treatment strategies for patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (less than 1 year symptom duration): the use of a combination of traditional antirheumatic medications (DMARDs), versus a combination including a newer "biological" anti-TNF medication. In order to make this trial consistent with current practices in rheumatology, all patients were first given the most commonly used antirheumatic medication, methotrexate (MTX). After 3-4 months those patients who had not responded adequately to this treatment were randomized to receive either MTX plus sulfasalazine plus hydroxychloroquine, or MTX plus infliximab. Again, to be truly life-like, the trial allowed patients who could not tolerate one of the added medications to switch in treatment - but keeping with the same strategy - so that sulfasalazine plus hydroxychloroquine could be replaced by cyclosporin A, and infliximab by etanercept. The primary outcome in this trial was the percentage of patients who, after one year of treatment, achieved a "good response" as defined by Eular. Secondary outcomes include Eular and ACR responses, HAQ and other QOL assessments, radiographic outcomes, and health-economic outcomes including EQ5D.
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • RA, symptom duration < 12 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Contraindication to any of the trial medications
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00764725


Sponsors and Collaborators
Karolinska Institutet
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Johan Bratt, MD PhD Karolinska University Hospital
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Hambardzumyan K, Bolce RJ, Saevarsdottir S, Forslind K, Wallman JK, Cruickshank SE, Sasso EH, Chernoff D, van Vollenhoven RF. Association of a multibiomarker disease activity score at multiple time-points with radiographic progression in rheumatoid arthritis: results from the SWEFOT trial. RMD Open. 2016 Mar 1;2(1):e000197. doi: 10.1136/rmdopen-2015-000197. eCollection 2016.
Levitsky A, Erlandsson MC, van Vollenhoven RF, Bokarewa MI. Serum survivin predicts responses to treatment in active rheumatoid arthritis: a post hoc analysis from the SWEFOT trial. BMC Med. 2015 Sep 30;13:247. doi: 10.1186/s12916-015-0485-2.
van Vollenhoven RF, Bolce R, Hambardzumyan K, Saevarsdottir S, Forslind K, Petersson IF, Sasso EH, Hwang CC, Segurado OG, Geborek P. Brief report: enhancement of patient recruitment in rheumatoid arthritis clinical trials using a multi-biomarker disease activity score as an inclusion criterion. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2015 Nov;67(11):2855-60. doi: 10.1002/art.39274.
Kastbom A, Forslind K, Ernestam S, Geborek P, Karlsson JA, Petersson IF, Saevarsdottir S, Klareskog L, van Vollenhoven RF, Lundberg K. Changes in the anticitrullinated peptide antibody response in relation to therapeutic outcome in early rheumatoid arthritis: results from the SWEFOT trial. Ann Rheum Dis. 2016 Feb;75(2):356-61. doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2014-205698. Epub 2014 Dec 30.
Hambardzumyan K, Bolce R, Saevarsdottir S, Cruickshank SE, Sasso EH, Chernoff D, Forslind K, Petersson IF, Geborek P, van Vollenhoven RF. Pretreatment multi-biomarker disease activity score and radiographic progression in early RA: results from the SWEFOT trial. Ann Rheum Dis. 2015 Jun;74(6):1102-9. doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2013-204986. Epub 2014 May 8.
Eriksson JK, Karlsson JA, Bratt J, Petersson IF, van Vollenhoven RF, Ernestam S, Geborek P, Neovius M. Cost-effectiveness of infliximab versus conventional combination treatment in methotrexate-refractory early rheumatoid arthritis: 2-year results of the register-enriched randomised controlled SWEFOT trial. Ann Rheum Dis. 2015 Jun;74(6):1094-101. doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2013-205060. Epub 2014 Apr 15.
Saevarsdottir S, Rezaei H, Geborek P, Petersson I, Ernestam S, Albertsson K, Forslind K, van Vollenhoven RF; SWEFOT study group. Current smoking status is a strong predictor of radiographic progression in early rheumatoid arthritis: results from the SWEFOT trial. Ann Rheum Dis. 2015 Aug;74(8):1509-14. doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2013-204601. Epub 2014 Apr 4.
Eriksson JK, Neovius M, Bratt J, Petersson IF, van Vollenhoven RF, Geborek P, Ernestam S. Biological vs. conventional combination treatment and work loss in early rheumatoid arthritis: a randomized trial. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Aug 12;173(15):1407-14. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.7801.
van Vollenhoven RF, Geborek P, Forslind K, Albertsson K, Ernestam S, Petersson IF, Chatzidionysiou K, Bratt J; Swefot study group. Conventional combination treatment versus biological treatment in methotrexate-refractory early rheumatoid arthritis: 2 year follow-up of the randomised, non-blinded, parallel-group Swefot trial. Lancet. 2012 May 5;379(9827):1712-20. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60027-0. Epub 2012 Mar 29.
Saevarsdottir S, Wallin H, Seddighzadeh M, Ernestam S, Geborek P, Petersson IF, Bratt J, van Vollenhoven RF; SWEFOT Trial Investigators Group. Predictors of response to methotrexate in early DMARD naive rheumatoid arthritis: results from the initial open-label phase of the SWEFOT trial. Ann Rheum Dis. 2011 Mar;70(3):469-75. doi: 10.1136/ard.2010.139212. Epub 2010 Dec 13.

Responsible Party: Dr. Johan Bratt, Karolinska University Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00764725     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P0 3013 Swefot
First Submitted: October 1, 2008
First Posted: October 2, 2008
Last Update Posted: December 23, 2008
Last Verified: December 2008

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Arthritis
Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Infliximab
Sulfasalazine
Hydroxychloroquine
Dermatologic Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antimalarials
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action


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