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Lohp, 5-Fu/Lv and Bevacizumab, Alternative With Cpt-11, 5-Fu/Lv and Cetuximab In Metastatic Crc

This study has been terminated.
(Due to poor Accrual)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Vassilis Georgoulias, MD, University Hospital of Crete Identifier:
First received: September 17, 2008
Last updated: October 6, 2015
Last verified: October 2015
The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of the effective drugs in a alternating chemotherapy schedules in pretreated patients with mCRC, who have received all effective drugs.

Condition Intervention Phase
Colorectal Cancer
Drug: Oxaliplatin
Drug: 5-Fluorouracil
Drug: Leucovorin
Drug: Bevacizumab
Drug: Irinotecan
Drug: Cetuximab
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study Of Weekly Administration Oxaliplatin Plus 5-Fu/Lv (Aio Regimen) Plus Bevacizumab, Alternative With Irinotecan Plus 5-Fu/Lv(Aio Regimen) Plus Cetuximab, As Salvage Treatment In Pretreated Patients With Mcrc

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University Hospital of Crete:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Objective Response Rate [ Time Frame: 3 - 6 month ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Time To Progression [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
  • Toxicity profile [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
  • Quality of life [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
  • Symptoms improvement [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Probability of 1-year survival (%) ]

Enrollment: 24
Study Start Date: October 2008
Study Completion Date: August 2012
Primary Completion Date: August 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Drug: Oxaliplatin
Oxaliplatin (I.V) 85mg/m2 on week 1 and week 3 every six weeks for 2 continuously until disease progression or the appearance of unacceptable toxicity
Other Names:
  • Eloxatin
  • LoHP
Drug: 5-Fluorouracil
5-Fluorouracil (I.V) 1750mg/m2 on week 1,2,3 and 4 every six weeks for 2 continuously until disease progression or the appearance of unacceptable toxicity
Other Name: 5-FU
Drug: Leucovorin
Leucovorin (I.V) 500mg/m2 on week 1,2,3 and 4 every six weeks for 2 continuously until disease progression or the appearance of unacceptable toxicity
Other Name: LV
Drug: Bevacizumab
Bevacizumab (I.V) 10mg/Kg on week 1 and week 3 every six weeks for 2 continuously until disease progression or the appearance of unacceptable toxicity
Other Name: Avastin
Drug: Irinotecan
Irinotecan (I.V) 110mg/m2 on week 2 and week 4 every six weeks for 2 continuously until disease progression or the appearance of unacceptable toxicity
Other Names:
  • CPT-11
  • Campto
Drug: Cetuximab
Cetuximab (I.V) 500mg/m2 on week 2 and week 4 every six weeks for 2 continuously until disease progression or the appearance of unacceptable toxicity
Other Name: Erbitux

Detailed Description:

Colorectal cancer is a major cause of death worldwide and is ranked third in incidence and deaths from cancer in the USA for men and women. Incidence and mortality have been decreasing steadily in past decades, with 5-year survival for patients diagnosed in 1996-2002, being about 65%.

Although curative surgical resection is possible in 70-80% of patients at diagnosis, almost half of them will develop local or/and metastatic recurrence and will die of the disease.

There are currently three active cytotoxic agents that have been shown to be effective in the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer: 5-Fluorouracil combined with Leucovorin (5-FU/LV), Irinotecan and Oxaliplatin. During the last few years, the median overall survival of patients with advanced CRC has been substantially increased from 12 months to about 21-22 months, when combination of these chemotherapeutic agents are administered. Combinations of 5-Fluorouracil/Leucovorin (5-FU/LV) either as bolus (Roswell Park) or infusional administration (De Gramont schedule) r weekly infusional (AIO regimen), combined with Irinotecan or Oxaliplatin accepted as the mainstay of first line treatment.

The advent of targeted therapy further expanded treatment options for patients with mCRC.In particular, inhibition of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) and angiogenesis by blocking Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) using monoclonal antibodies, led to further improvement in the outcome of patients with mCRC.

EGFR is expressed by most CRCs. Cetuximab (Erbitux) is a chimeric monoclonal antibody that specifically targets EGFR. In combination with Irinotecan, Cetuximab is approved for the treatment of EGFR-expressing mCRC, that has failed prior Irinotecan-based therapy, suggesting that Cetuximab may circumvent Irinotecan resistance.

Bevacizumab (Avastin) is a monoclonal antibody against Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF). In CRC, increased VEGF expression correlates with invasiveness, vascular density, metastasis, recurrence and prognosis.

In a phase 2 trial of treatment of CRC, the addition of bevacizumab to FU/LV increased the response rate, the median time to disease progression, and the median duration of survival. Recently, it has been shown in randomized phase 2 trials that bevacizumab, when combined with irinotecan plus bolus FU/LV in the first line treatment of metastatic CRC, and with oxaliplatin plus continuous FU/LV (FOLFOX) in second-line treatment leads to an increased median survival, progression-free survival (PFS), and response rate compared with cytotoxic chemotherapy alone.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 72 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed locally advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer
  • Measurable or evaluable disease according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST)
  • ECOG performance status ≤ 2
  • Age 18 - 72 years
  • Patients who progress after 1st line therapy with FOLFOX/AVASTIN
  • Adequate liver (Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 upper normal limit, SGOT/SGPT ≤ 4 upper normal limit, ALP ≤ 2.5 upper normal limit),renal (Creatinine ≤ 1.5 upper normal limit) and bone marrow (ANC ≥ 1,500/mm3, PLT ≥100,000/mm3) function
  • Patients must be able to understand the nature of this study
  • Written informed consent
  • Previous treatments with all effective drugs for metastatic colorectal cancer (CPT-11, LOHP, 5-FU/XELODA, Erbitux, Avastin)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of serious cardiac disease (unstable angina, congestive heart failure,uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmias)
  • History of myocardial infarction or stroke within 6 months
  • Clinically significant peripheral vascular disease
  • History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation or intraabdominal abscess within 28 days prior to Day 0
  • Major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 30 days prior to Day 1
  • Presence of central nervous system or brain metastases
  • Evidence of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy
  • Blood pressure > 150/100 mmHg
  • Pregnant or lactating woman
  • Life expectancy < 3 months
  • Previous radiotherapy within the last 4 weeks or > 25% of bone marrow
  • Metastatic infiltration of the liver >50%
  • Patients with chronic diarrhea (at least for 3 months) or partial bowel obstruction or total colectomy
  • Active infection requiring antibiotics on Day 1
  • Second primary malignancy, except for non-melanoma skin cancer and in situ cervical cancer
  • Psychiatric illness or social situation that would preclude study compliance
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00755118

University Hospital of Crete, Dep of Medical Oncology
Heraklion, Crete, Greece
University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis, Dep of Medical Oncology
Alexandroupolis, Greece
"IASO" General Hospital of Athens, 1st Dep of Medical Oncology
Athens, Greece
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital of Crete
Principal Investigator: Nikos Vardakis, MD University Hospital of Crete, Dep of Medical Oncology
  More Information

Responsible Party: Vassilis Georgoulias, MD, MD, University Hospital of Crete Identifier: NCT00755118     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CT/08.28
Study First Received: September 17, 2008
Last Updated: October 6, 2015

Keywords provided by University Hospital of Crete:
Metastatic colorectal cancer
Second line

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors processed this record on May 25, 2017