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Efficacy and Safety of TAK-379 in Adult Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

This study has been terminated.
(Animal Toxicity Findings)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Takeda Identifier:
First received: July 24, 2008
Last updated: October 12, 2011
Last verified: October 2011

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of multiple doses of TAK-379, once daily (QD), in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Condition Intervention Phase
Diabetes Mellitus
Drug: TAK-379
Drug: Pioglitazone
Drug: Placebo
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-and Active-Controlled, Multi-center Study to Determine the Efficacy and Safety of TAK-379 in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Takeda:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change from Baseline in Glycosylated Hemoglobin [ Time Frame: Week 12 or Final Visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change from baseline in glycosylated hemoglobin. [ Time Frame: Weeks 4 and 8 or Final Visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change from baseline in fasting plasma glucose. [ Time Frame: Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8 and 12 or Final Visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change from baseline in body weight. [ Time Frame: Weeks 4, 8 and 12 or Final Visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Number of patients with elevation of alanine aminotransferase greater than three times the Upper Limit of Normal during treatment. [ Time Frame: Week 12 or Final Visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Plasma concentrations of TAK-379 and its metabolite M-I via a sparse sampling population approach. [ Time Frame: Week 12 or Final Visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 323
Study Start Date: July 2008
Study Completion Date: April 2009
Primary Completion Date: April 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: TAK-379 25 mg QD Drug: TAK-379
TAK-379 25 mg, tablets, orally, once daily and pioglitazone placebo-matching tablets, orally, once daily for up to 12 weeks
Other Name: Actos
Experimental: TAK-379 100 mg QD Drug: TAK-379
TAK-379 100 mg, tablets, orally, once daily and pioglitazone placebo-matching tablets, orally, once daily for up to 12 weeks
Other Name: Actos
Experimental: TAK-379 200 mg QD Drug: TAK-379
TAK-379 200 mg, tablets, orally, once daily and pioglitazone placebo-matching tablets, orally, once daily for up to 12 weeks
Other Name: Actos
Active Comparator: Pioglitazone 30 mg QD Drug: Pioglitazone
Pioglitazone 30 mg, tablets, orally, once daily and TAK-379 placebo-matching tablets, orally, once daily for up to 12 weeks
Other Names:
  • Actos
  • AD4833
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Drug: Placebo
TAK-379 placebo-matching tablets, orally, and pioglitazone placebo-matching tablets, orally, once daily for up to 12 weeks

Detailed Description:

Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disease that has reached epidemic proportions. The global incidence of this disease is estimated to increase from 120 million individuals to over 200 million by the year 2010. In type 2 diabetes, multiple metabolic defects contribute to hyperglycemia. These include insulin resistance, inadequate insulin secretion, and excessive hepatic glucose production. Nine classes of antihyperglycemic agents are currently approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (insulin, sulfonylureas, biguanides, alpha-glycosidase inhibitors, thiazolidinediones, glinides, glucagon-like peptide analogues, amylin analogues, and dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitors). Each class acts by a unique mechanism on 1 or more of the metabolic defects.

Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited is developing TAK-379, a non-thiazolidinedione partial proliferator-activated receptor agonist for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Study participation is anticipated to be approximately 4.5 months.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

  • Historical diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus without the chronic use of antidiabetic therapy and an 8 week history of diet and exercise.
  • Historical diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus on a stable dose of metformin as mono-therapy for at least 3 months prior to screening.
  • Glycosylated hemoglobin between 7.5% and 10.0%, inclusive.
  • Fasting C-peptide concentration is greater than or equal to 0.8 ng per mL.
  • Any other chronic medications which have been stable for at least 4 weeks prior to Screening.
  • Body mass index at Screening is greater than or equal to 23 kg/m2 and less than 45 kg/m2.
  • Able and willing to monitor his or her own blood glucose concentrations with a home glucose monitor.
  • Females of childbearing potential who are sexually active must agree to use adequate contraception, and can neither be pregnant nor lactating from Screening throughout the duration of the study.
  • Compliance with single-blinded study medication during the run-in phase is at least 75% and does not exceed 125% based on tablet counts performed by the study staff.

Exclusion Criteria

  • Systolic blood pressure is greater than 160 mm Hg, or diastolic pressure is greater than 100 mm Hg at repeat measurements.
  • Any history of bladder cancer or has a history of cancer that has been in remission for less than 5 years prior to Screening (a history of basal cell carcinoma or Stage 1 squamous cell carcinoma of the skin is allowed).
  • Glycosylated hemoglobin is less than 7.5% and greater than 10.0%.
  • Creatine phosphokinase is greater than or equal to 5 times the upper limit of normal at screening.
  • Hemoglobin is less than or equal to 12 g per dL for males and less than or equal to 10 g per dL for females.
  • Alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase are greater than or equal to 2.5 upper limit of normal.
  • Total bilirubin is greater than or equal to 1.5 times the upper limit of normal at screening.
  • Serum triglyceride concentration is greater than or equal to 400 mg per dL.
  • Estimated glomerular filtration rate is less than or equal to 60 mL per min using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation or the Cockroft-Gault equation.
  • Abnormal thyroid-stimulating hormone as defined by central laboratory normals.
  • Positive test result for hepatitis B surface antigen or hepatitis C antibody.
  • Urine albumin to creatinine ratio is greater than or equal to 1000 μg per mg at screening.
  • History of microscopic or macroscopic hematuria.
  • Two consecutive unexplained positive urinalysis dip-stick and greater than or equal to 3 red blood cells per high-powered field on two consecutive measurements.
  • History of laser treatment for proliferative diabetic retinopathy within 6 months prior to Screening.
  • Diabetic gastroparesis that in the investigator's opinion is moderate or severe and hence may impair absorption of study medication.
  • The subject has New York Heart Association Class III or IV heart failure.
  • Has had coronary angioplasty, coronary stent placement, coronary bypass surgery, myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris, clinically significant abnormal electrocardiogram, cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack within 6 months prior or at Screening.
  • History of any hemoglobinopathy that may affect determination of glycosylated hemoglobin.
  • Received treatment with probucol within 1 year of randomization.
  • Donated or received any blood products within 12 weeks prior to Screening.
  • Received treatment for greater than 7 days within 8 weeks prior to randomization or is required to take or continues taking any disallowed medication, prescription medication, herbal treatment or over-the counter medication that may interfere with evaluation of the study medication, including:

    • oral or systemically injected glucocorticoids
    • Prescription or over the counter weight-loss drugs
    • Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor agonists, including fibric acid derivatives
    • Niacin
    • Ezetemibe
    • Bile-acid binding agents
    • warfarin
    • phenytoin
    • any alteration in lipid-lowering medication (change in dosage or drug)
  • Chronically treated with insulin.
  • Received any investigation drug within 4 weeks prior to Screening.
  • History of infection with hepatitis B, hepatitis C, or human immunodeficiency virus.
  • Hypersensitive to TAK-379 or its excipients.
  • History of drug abuse or a history of alcohol abuse within 2 years prior to Screening.
  • Any other physical or psychiatric disease or condition that in the judgment of the investigator may affect life expectancy or may make it difficult to successfully manage and follow the subject according to the protocol.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00722917

United States, California
Artesia, California, United States
Norwalk, California, United States
Santa Ana, California, United States
Santa Monica, California, United States
United States, Florida
Panama City, Florida, United States
United States, Rhode Island
Cranston, Rhode Island, United States
United States, Texas
Dallas, Texas, United States
Houston, Texas, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
Study Director: Medical Director Clinical Science Takeda
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Takeda Identifier: NCT00722917     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: TAK-379_201, U1111-1125-0948
Study First Received: July 24, 2008
Last Updated: October 12, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Takeda:
Glucose Metabolism Disorder
Dysmetabolic Syndrome
Type II Diabetes
Diabetes Mellitus, Lipoatrophic
Drug Therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Endocrine System Diseases
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Hypoglycemic Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on February 25, 2015