Multi-Tracer Pet Quantitation of Insulin Action
We are proposing a clinical investigation of the pathogenesis of insulin resistance (IR) in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue (AT), focusing specifically on the contributions of glucose delivery, transport and phosphorylation. The primary methodology will be dynamic PET imaging, using three tracers that respectively portray the kinetics of glucose delivery, bi-directional trans-membrane glucose transport and glucose phosphorylation. The three tracers are: 1) [15O]-H2O for quantifying tissue perfusion, this portrays the kinetics of glucose delivery from plasma to tissue; 2) [11C]-3-O-methyl glucose, a tracer constrained to bi-directional trans-membrane glucose transport; and 3) [18F]-fluoro-deoxy glucose, which like [11C]-3-OMG is transported, but adds the subsequent metabolic step, that of glucose phosphorylation.
We propose 2 specific aims to apply this methodology to investigate the pathogenesis of IR. The 1st aim is to quantitatively assess the kinetics of glucose delivery, transport and phosphorylation in skeletal muscle in type 2 DM and as compared to obese and lean non-diabetic men and women. We will appraise the contribution of each step to the to the pathogenesis of IR. We postulate more severe IR in oxidative muscle, with a dual impairment of glucose transport and phosphorylation. The 2nd aim is to implement the triple-tracer dynamic PET imaging protocol in adipose tissue (AT), examining normal insulin action in non-obese volunteers and testing whether differences in AT insulin action are present in obese insulin sensitive volunteers compared to obese IR participants and the relation of AT IR to that of muscle and liver.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Multi-Tracer Pet Quantitation of Insulin Action|
- Physiological measurement; Differences in tissue insulin-stimulated glucose uptake used by PET imaging among normal weight, obese and patients with type 2 diabetes [ Time Frame: Rate of glucose disposal during steady-state insulin stimulated conditions (hyperinsulinemia obtained via insulin infusions) ]PET-derived measures of muscle glucose uptake across three study groups - normal weight, obese and patients with type 2 diabetes (cross-sectional)
Biospecimen Retention: Samples Without DNA
|Study Start Date:||July 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Obese without diabetes
Obese with diabetes
We propose a clinical investigation of the pathogenesis of insulin resistance (IR) in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue (AT) in obesity and diabetes mellitus, focusing on the separate and interactive roles of glucose delivery, bi-directional trans-membrane glucose transport and glucose phosphorylation. The primary methodology will be dynamic PET imaging, using three tracers that respectively portray the kinetics of glucose delivery, transport and phosphorylation. The three tracers are: 1) [15O]-H2O for quantifying tissue perfusion, this parameter together with glucose concentration portrays the kinetics of glucose delivery from plasma to tissue interstitial space; 2) [11C]-3-O-methyl glucose, a tracer constrained to bi-directional trans-membrane glucose transport; and 3) [18F]-fluoro-deoxy glucose, which like [11C]-3-OMG is transported, but adds the subsequent metabolic step, that of glucose phosphorylation.
In our recently completed studies, we implemented this triple-tracer dynamic PET imaging protocol to investigate insulin action in lean, healthy individuals 1-3. Rates of glucose uptake can be obtained by other methods (e.g. the glucose clamp, arterio-venous limb balance). What is uniquely valuable with dynamic PET imaging is acquisition of a temporal plot of tracer uptake, one that is obtained within an organ rather than derived from plasma determinations. These tissue-time activity curves provide information to assess the velocity of metabolic steps. By doing this for each of the three tracers, assessment can be made of which among glucose delivery, transport and phosphorylation is rate-controlling, or more properly, how rate control is distributed amongst these steps. The triple-tracer procedure has provided novel, quantitative insight on the action of insulin to change this distribution of control, a re-distribution triggered in healthy individuals by robust activation of glucose transport. Robust activation of glucose transport increases permeability of muscle to glucose sufficiently that delivery manifests greater rate limitation than during basal conditions. Also, we have coupled PET bio-imaging with MRI to study specific muscles 1, 3. This approach has yielded provocative and unanticipated new findings. Unlike in lean non-diabetics, in whom oxidative muscle is more insulin sensitive (as widely demonstrated in animal studies), in type 2 and in type 1 DM, oxidative muscle is more severely IR. We are encouraged that this bio-imaging methodology will enable new insight into the pathogenesis of IR in skeletal muscle and that the approach can be successfully adapted for in vivo investigation of adipose tissue metabolism.
The 1st specific aim is to quantitatively assess the contribution of glucose delivery, transport and phosphorylation to the pathogenesis of skeletal muscle IR in type 2 DM and obesity.
The 2nd specific aim is to implement triple-tracer dynamic PET imaging to study insulin action in gluteal-femoral adipose tissue (GF-AT) of non-obese and obese women, investigating among the latter group mechanisms of IR of GF-AT, and the role that GF-AT IR may have in differentiating obese insulin-sensitive (OB-InS) from obese insulin-resistant (OB-IR) women.
Experiment Synopsis: During the past year, in pilot studies, we initiated PET imaging procedures for AT, using [18F]-FDG. We now propose full development of the triple tracer methodology in GF-AT. Non-obese and obese women will be studied, the latter recruited to form groups of obese insulin-sensitive (OB-IS) and obese insulin-resistant (OB-IR). Triple-tracer PET imaging will be done during basal and insulin stimulated conditions, using an infusion rate of 20 mU/min-m2. Complementary assessments will include: a) MRI and DXA to measure the quantity of fat-mass (FM), GF-AT, abdominal adipose depots (ABD-SAT and VAT); b) endogenous glucose production (EGP) assessed using a primed, constant infusion of [6,6] d2-glucose; c) an adipokine profile; and d) a needle biopsy of GF-AT for histological and other analyses.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00715221
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|University of Pittsburgh|
|Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213|
|Principal Investigator:||Bret H Goodpaster, PhD||University of Pittsburgh|