A Motivational Enhancement Approach to Skin Cancer Prevention
The specific aims of this research are:
Aim 1 - To describe the UV protection behaviors and beliefs of young adult patients in a dermatology clinic.
Aim 2 - To examine whether or not the UV protection behaviors and beliefs of young adult dermatology patients are associated with age, gender, level of education, marital status, contact with skin cancer, time outdoors, skin type, the reason for their visit, and the date of data collection.
Aim 3 - To test the efficacy of a motivational enhancement approach to UV protection counseling for young adult dermatology patients, as manifested by favorable changes in UV protection stages of change, UV protection self-efficacy, and UV protection attitudes.
|Ultraviolet Rays Motivation||Behavioral: Brief Motivational Enhancement Intervention|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||The Feasibility of a Motivational Enhancement Approach to Skin Cancer Prevention in a Sample of Young Adult Patients|
- UV Protection Stages of Change [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- UV Protection Attitudes [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- UV Protection Self-Efficacy [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2007|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
No Intervention: Control
Brochure from the American Academy of Dermatology on protecting your skin from UV rays.
Participation in a brief motivational enhancement session. These participants also received the same American Academy of Dermatology brochure on protecting your skin from UV rays.
Behavioral: Brief Motivational Enhancement Intervention
The motivational enhancement intervention lasted 5-8 minutes and consisted of gaining the client's permission to address the topic of skin cancer prevention, exchanging information through the elicit-provide-elicit strategy of information exchange, and summarization/ conclusion based on verbal and nonverbal cues from the participant.
Other Name: Adaptation of Motivational Interviewing
Although skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States, it is highly preventable by reducing exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. However, recent primary prevention efforts have been inadequate in evoking behavior change, as manifested by increasing rates of ultraviolet radiation exposure, particularly among young adults. These findings indicate the need to research novel approaches to skin cancer prevention.
Motivational enhancement techniques facilitate patient-centered, directive discussions wherein practitioners provide clear structure and encourage patients to play an active role in the consultation. The use of motivational enhancement techniques for health behavior change in medical settings has thus far yielded encouraging results for other health behavior change topics, but research has not yet investigated the application of these techniques to skin cancer prevention discussions.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00705887
|United States, Utah|
|Central Utah Clinic, Dermatology|
|Provo, Utah, United States, 84604|
|Principal Investigator:||Christina P Linton, FNP-BC, PhD||Oregon Health and Science University|
|Study Chair:||Nancy Press, PhD||Oregon Health and Science University|