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Sentinel Surveillance of Malnutrition, Niger

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00682708
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 22, 2008
Last Update Posted : May 22, 2008
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Information provided by:

Study Description
Brief Summary:

Malnutrition is a critical public health problem in developing countries. Malnutrition may be linked to more than one half of the deaths in children under 5 years old. In July 2001, after an intervention related to a measles epidemic, Medecins sans Frontieres-France opened a nutritional program in Maradi, in the South of Niger. The introduction of ready to use therapeutic foods (RUTF), in particular Plumpy'Nut (Nutriset, France) allowed for the treatment of the majority of children at their homes using ambulatory treatment. Children with complicated cases were cared for in an inpatient center. With ambulatory treatment the number of children cared for in the MSF program reached close to 70000 in 2006.

This study aimed to assess the effect of a 3-month distribution of RUTF in the context of a preventative supplementary feeding program. The primary hypotheses were that short-term RUTF supplementation at the village-level would prevent declines in weight-for-height and reduce the incidence of wasting in children 6 to 60 mo of age over a period of 8 mo. Because RUTF may have additional health effects, the intervention effect on height-for-age, stunting, mortality and morbidity from malaria, diarrhea, and respiratory infection were also examined.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Malnutrition Dietary Supplement: PlumpyNut Dietary Supplement: PlumpyDoz

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Sentinel Surveillance of Acute Malnutrition in the Region of Maradi, Niger, Children Under 5: Impact of a Preventive Intervention
Study Start Date : August 2006
Primary Completion Date : March 2008
Study Completion Date : March 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Malnutrition
U.S. FDA Resources

Arms and Interventions


Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. weight-for-height in children 6 to 60 mo of age [ Time Frame: 8 months ]

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Months to 59 Months   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All children resident in randomized villages 6-59 months

Exclusion Criteria:

Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00682708


Sponsors and Collaborators
Epicentre
Ministry of Health, Niger
Medecins Sans Frontieres, Netherlands
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Rebecca F Grais Epicentre
More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Rebecca Freeman Grais, epidemiologist, Epicentre
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00682708     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 07056
First Posted: May 22, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 22, 2008
Last Verified: May 2008

Keywords provided by Epicentre:
malnutrition
ready to use food
Niger

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Malnutrition
Nutrition Disorders