Sentinel Surveillance of Malnutrition, Niger

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00682708
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 22, 2008
Last Update Posted : May 22, 2008
Ministry of Health, Niger
Medecins Sans Frontieres, Netherlands
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Brief Summary:

Malnutrition is a critical public health problem in developing countries. Malnutrition may be linked to more than one half of the deaths in children under 5 years old. In July 2001, after an intervention related to a measles epidemic, Medecins sans Frontieres-France opened a nutritional program in Maradi, in the South of Niger. The introduction of ready to use therapeutic foods (RUTF), in particular Plumpy'Nut (Nutriset, France) allowed for the treatment of the majority of children at their homes using ambulatory treatment. Children with complicated cases were cared for in an inpatient center. With ambulatory treatment the number of children cared for in the MSF program reached close to 70000 in 2006.

This study aimed to assess the effect of a 3-month distribution of RUTF in the context of a preventative supplementary feeding program. The primary hypotheses were that short-term RUTF supplementation at the village-level would prevent declines in weight-for-height and reduce the incidence of wasting in children 6 to 60 mo of age over a period of 8 mo. Because RUTF may have additional health effects, the intervention effect on height-for-age, stunting, mortality and morbidity from malaria, diarrhea, and respiratory infection were also examined.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Malnutrition Dietary Supplement: PlumpyNut Dietary Supplement: PlumpyDoz Not Applicable

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Sentinel Surveillance of Acute Malnutrition in the Region of Maradi, Niger, Children Under 5: Impact of a Preventive Intervention
Study Start Date : August 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Malnutrition

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. weight-for-height in children 6 to 60 mo of age [ Time Frame: 8 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Months to 59 Months   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All children resident in randomized villages 6-59 months

Exclusion Criteria:

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00682708

Sponsors and Collaborators
Ministry of Health, Niger
Medecins Sans Frontieres, Netherlands
Principal Investigator: Rebecca F Grais Epicentre

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Rebecca Freeman Grais, epidemiologist, Epicentre Identifier: NCT00682708     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 07056
First Posted: May 22, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 22, 2008
Last Verified: May 2008

Keywords provided by Epicentre:
ready to use food

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Nutrition Disorders