Improving Medical Training for the Care of Chronic Conditions
While medical training has increasingly included chronic care management, quality care necessitates education approaches that go farther. In April 2005, the Louis Stokes Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC) implemented a weekly Diabetes Shared Medical Appointment (SMA). SMAs offer an important opportunity to improve chronic care and a unique setting for training physicians. In order to equip physicians with needed resources to manage chronic care, the ways in which SMA experiences are processed and integrated into learning about interdisciplinary approaches and expanding trainees' understanding of chronic care issues need to be examined.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
|Official Title:||Improving Medical Training for the Care of Chronic Conditions|
- Change in Confidence in Ability to Perform Teamwork [ Time Frame: Pre-intervention and Post-Intervention at 1 month ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]A three item scale was used to assess confidence in ability to convey logic of recommendations to other providers, explain one's distinctive perspective, and be accountable to patients for a decision made by a colleague from another discipline. The responses for each item ranged from 'not at all confident' (0) to 'very confident' (4), with higher values indicating more confidence. The total scale ranged from 0 to 16 with higher being more confident. Difference scores were analyzed (post-pre) with positive and higher values indicating more favorable change.
- Change in Professionals' Attitudes About Diabetes [ Time Frame: Pre-intervention and Post-intervention at 1 month ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The University of Michigan's Research and Training Center's Diabetes Attitude Scale was used. There are 33 items and the response format is a 5 point Likert Scale ranging from 'strongly disagree'(1) to 'strongly agree'(5). A higher score means more positive attitudes toward diabetes and its treatment (e.g., psychosocial impact of diabetes; value of tight glucose control).The total score is computed by summing individual items and ranges from 0 to 165. Post-pre total scores were used with positive and higher values indicating greater favorable change.
|Study Start Date:||April 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Shared Medical Appointments
Medical students participated in shared medical appointments for patients with diabetes for one month.
Behavioral: Shared Medical Appointments
Participated in shared appointments for patients as part of interprofessional team providing care for diabetes
No Intervention: No shared medical appointments
Medical students in this arm did not participate in shared medical appointments.
: Most physicians receive training in and about an acute care-oriented health care system that cannot adequately address the challenges of chronic care management. While medical training has increasingly included chronic care management, quality care necessitates education approaches that go farther. In April 2005, the Louis Stokes Cleveland VAMC implemented a weekly Diabetes Shared Medical Appointment (SMA). Results indicate that SMAs are sustained and, as such, SMAs offer an important opportunity to improve chronic care and a unique setting for training physicians. SMAs offer the potential to provide training in crucial skills that have to date remained less amendable to traditional educational practices. In order to equip physicians with resources to effectively and efficiently manage chronic care, the ways in which SMA experiences are processed and integrated into learning about interdisciplinary approaches and expanding trainees' understanding of chronic care issues need to be examined. Without addressing this gap, it is not possible to develop a comprehensive care model that links education and patient outcomes for chronic conditions, such as diabetes. Building on previous pilot work, we continued to address evaluating and validating instruments. The proposed pilot project included using a think-aloud protocol to evaluate and validate new items and scales assessing interdisciplinary team and chronic care/diabetes beliefs, and evaluating and adjusting direct observation coding tools for chronic condition care.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00676208
|United States, Ohio|
|Louis Stokes VA Medical Center, Cleveland, OH|
|Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106|
|Principal Investigator:||David C Aron, MD MS||Louis Stokes VA Medical Center, Cleveland, OH|