Aging & HIV/AIDS Neurocognitive Sequelae and Functional Consequences
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00675766|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 12, 2008
Results First Posted : May 4, 2015
Last Update Posted : May 4, 2015
While the numbers of HIV infected veterans under the age of 50 are declining, the percentage of HIV infected veterans over the age of 50 is increasing with the largest percentage increases in the 50-59 age group and the 70+ age group. With increasing incidence rates of new cases among individuals over 50 years of age and the longer life expectancies of the current HIV-infected population, it becomes increasingly important to better understand the impact of the aging process on the clinical and behavioral manifestations of HIV/AIDS.
The project seeks to determine the effect of age on neuropsychological performance in HIV+ persons. This objective seeks to determine the degree to which older age represents an independent risk factor for neuropsychological impairment in HIV infected persons, with a particular emphasis on those cognitive processes that are preferentially impacted by both the normal aging process as well as HIV infection. Additionally, another aim of the study is to determine the impact of neuropsychological decline on everyday functional abilities among older vs. younger HIV+ adults. This objective seeks to determine the effects of advancing age and neuropsychological impairment on the ability of HIV+ persons to discharge more demanding requirements of independent living (e.g., driving, financial management, medication adherence). The project will last for a duration of 5 years.
|Condition or disease|
Over the past several years the HIV epidemic has changed from a disease primarily of younger, gay/bisexual, Caucasian men to one increasingly affecting people of color, women, and, of specific relevance to this application, the older adult. Indeed, the number of AIDS cases in individuals over the age of 50 has more than tripled over the last several years, with the CDC now estimating that in the United States 15% of all patients with AIDS are over age 50.1 There is reason to believe that the incidence, clinical manifestations and course of HIV-associated CNS dysfunction may differ as a function of age. Since the mid 1980's VA has been at the vanguard of institutions engaged in research and clinical care of HIV-infected adults. With specific regard to the issue of aging and HIV, HIV-infected veterans have tended to be significantly older than patients drawn from the general community. For example, at the West Los Angeles VA 303 of the 583 (52%) HIV-infected patients being followed by the Infectious Disease clinic are over the age of 50. Across the entire VA system, there are nearly twice as many HIV infected veterans over the age of 70 than under 30 years of age. 2 Yet, the vast majority of research conducted to date has been on younger adults - the degree to which such data will generalize to the older veteran population is unclear. Also unclear is whether advancing age confers an independent risk for cognitive impairment in HIV-infected persons. Additionally, the functional impact (i.e., impact on daily functioning such as driving ability, financial management, or medication adherence) of cognitive impairment in this group remains unknown. Exploratory studies performed in the applicants' laboratory have provided preliminary support for the hypothesis that advancing age will potentiate the deleterious neurocognitive effects of HIV infection. Given the "graying" of the HIV epidemic, particularly among the veteran population, research examining neurocognition among older HIV-infected veterans as well as the functional "real world" impact of such deficits is of great relevance to the VA mission. The results from this study could provide important insights into interactions of age and HIV disease, and will identify targets for intervention in advance of the burgeoning population of older infected persons.
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES AND HYPOTHESES
Objective 1. To Determine the Effect of Age on Neuropsychological Performance in HIV+ Persons This objective seeks to determine the degree to which older age represents an independent risk factor for neuropsychological impairment in HIV infected persons, with a particular emphasis on those cognitive processes that are preferentially impacted by both the normal aging process as well as HIV infection.
Hypothesis 1.1 Controlling for potential confounding factors such as substance use and length of infection, there will be an interaction between effects of age and HIV serostatus on neuropsychological performance, and this will be evident both cross-sectionally and longitudinally. Specifically, we expect to find that older HIV+ individuals will exhibit greater rates of neuropsychological impairment (using age-corrected test norms) than younger HIV+ persons. Neurocognitive functions subserved by frontal-subcortical systems that are sensitive to the effects of both aging and HIV infection (learning, motor and psychomotor speed, executive function) will be disproportionately affected among the older HIV+ participants. While the synergistic effects of HIV and age will be evident on a cross sectional basis, they will be most pronounced when examined longitudinally over the course of the study.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||223 participants|
|Observational Model:||Case Control|
|Official Title:||Aging & HIV/AIDS Neurocognitive Sequelae and Functional Consequences|
|Study Start Date :||September 2005|
|Primary Completion Date :||February 2011|
|Study Completion Date :||February 2011|
HIV-positive adults 50 and older/ HIV-positive adults 18-40 years old
HIV-negative controls 50 and older / HIV-negative controls 18-40 years old
HIV-negative controls 50 and older / HIV-negative controls 18-40 years old
HIV-negative controls 18-40 years old
- Neuropsychological Status (i.e., Cognitive Functioning) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Year 1) and 1-year follow-up (Year 2) ]Neurocognitive functions refer to cognitive abilities, namely learning/memory, motor speed, psychomotor speed, language, attention, visuospatial abilities, & executive function. They are measured using standard clinical neuropsychological test battery that included: HVLT, BVMT-R, Trails A & B, WCST-64, WAIS-Symbol Search/Digit Coding/Letter-Number Sequencing/Block Design, FAS, & Animals. Subgroups of these tasks were combined to create composite scores indicating participants' score on each cognitive domains. To make these cognitive domain composite scores, each participant's raw score on each of these tests was converted into a within-sample standardized score (i.e., z-score), which are normally distributed with a mean of 0 & SD of 1. Then, these standardized scores were summed to create composite scores for each cognitive domain and then averaged to create a global neuropsychological function composite score. A positive composite score represents a better outcome for all variables.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00675766
|United States, California|
|VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, West LA|
|West Los Angeles, California, United States, 90073|
|Principal Investigator:||Charles Hinkin, PhD||VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, West LA|