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Entecavir Intensification for Persistent HBV Viremia in HIV-HBV Infection

This study has been completed.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First Posted: April 21, 2008
Last Update Posted: May 27, 2013
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of California, San Francisco
This study will evaluate HIV-HBV infected individuals who have evidence of HBV replication in the blood after taking 48 weeks of more of the HBV active medication tenofovir in combination with emtricitabine or lamivudine. Eligible participants will be randomized to receive 24 weeks of entecavir (ETV) 1 mg versus continued standard of care antiretroviral therapy. After 24 weeks, individuals on entecavir or who remain HBV viremic on standard of care will receive ETV o for an additional 24 weeks. The hypothesis is that intensification with entecavir will reduce HBV DNA at 24 weeks more than continued antiretroviral therapy without entecavir.

Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections Hepatitis B Drug: Entecavir with continued standard of care antiretroviral therapy Drug: continued standard of care with tenofovir in addition to emtricitabine or lamivudine Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Entecavir Intensification for Persistent Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Viremia in HIV-HBV Infection

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of California, San Francisco:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) DNA [ Time Frame: week 24 ]
    HBV DNA carries the genetic blueprint of the virus. How many HBV DNA "particles" or "copies" are found in the blood indicates how rapidly the virus is reproducing in the liver.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Incidence of Permanent Discontinuation Due to Toxicity [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
  • Incidence of New Hepatic Decompensation( Ascites, Variceal Hemorrhage, Encephalopathy) [ Time Frame: every 4 weeks for 24 weeks ]
  • Incidence of ALT Flares [ Time Frame: every 4 weeks for 24 weeks ]
    ALT flare: sudden increase in blood level of alanine transaminase (ALT)

  • HIV RNA < 75 Copies/ml [ Time Frame: entry, week 12, and week 24 ]

Enrollment: 10
Study Start Date: April 2008
Study Completion Date: May 2010
Primary Completion Date: February 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: A
Entecavir 1 mg for 24 weeks in addition to continued standard of care antiretroviral therapy containing tenofovir in addition to emtricitabine or lamivudine
Drug: Entecavir with continued standard of care antiretroviral therapy
1 mg by mouth daily
Other Name: Baraclude, Tenofovir, Truvada, Viread, 3TC, FTC, Epivir, Emtriva
Active Comparator: B
continued standard of care antiretroviral therapy which will include tenofovir in addition to emtricitabine or lamivudine
Drug: continued standard of care with tenofovir in addition to emtricitabine or lamivudine
continued standard of care with tenofovir in addition to emtricitabine or lamivudine
Other Name: Tenofovir, Truvada, Viread, 3TC, FTC, Epivir, Emtriva

Detailed Description:

Design: This is a randomized, controlled pilot study of open-label entecavir for the treatment of persistent HBV viremia in HIV-HBV coinfected individuals who have failed to suppress HBV replication after 48 weeks on tenofovir containing therapy.

Primary Objective: To evaluate the mean log reduction of HBV DNA with entecavir(ETV) intensification in comparison to continued standard therapy with tenofovir and lamivudine/emtricitabine at 24 weeks of therapy

Study Population: HIV-HBV co-infected individuals with detectable HBV DNA after 48 weeks of therapy with tenofovir and lamivudine/emtricitabine whose HIV viremia is well controlled ( < 75 copies at time of enrollment)

Treatment: Subjects will be randomized to continue with standard therapy or to receive intensification with 1 mg daily of open label entecavir for the 24 week duration of the study.

Sample Size: 24 subjects will be enrolled.

Duration 24 weeks of treatment

Primary Endpoint: Mean log10 reduction of HBV DNA at 24 weeks of standard therapy vs. entecavir intensification.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Ability and willingness to provide written informed consent
  • HIV infection, documented in patient medical record. Acceptable forms of documentation include positive HIV antibody or detectable HIV RNA.
  • Chronic HBV infection, defined as HBsAg positivity. Both hepatitis B "e" antigen (HBeAg) positive and negative subjects will be eligible.
  • Detectable HBV DNA ( > 160 copies/ml) after 48 weeks of therapy with TDF in conjunction with either 3TC or FTC
  • Compensated liver disease, defined as a Child-Pugh-Turcot(CPT) Score <7 at the time of enrollment.

Note: If Bilirubin in elevated, direct and indirect bilirubin levels will be evaluated. If only indirect bilirubin elevated, direct bilirubin will be used for CPT score. If BOTH direct and indirect bilirubin are elevated, total bilirubin will be used for the CPT score.

  • Stable antiretroviral therapy with no changes in the prior 8 weeks due to antiretroviral failure. HIV therapy modification for reasons other than virologic failure and without change in the tenofovir(TDF), lamivudine(3TC) or emtricitabine(FTC) moiety of the antiretroviral therapy will be permitted. HIV therapy must include TDF in conjunction with 3TC or FTC, and at least one other anti-HIV agent.
  • HIV RNA of <75 copies/ml within 8 weeks of study enrollment.
  • Estimated creatinine clearance by Cockcroft-Gault of ≥ 50 ml/min
  • Serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) of ≤50 ng/ml within 8 weeks of study entry, or if elevated > 50 ng/ml, an imaging study demonstrating no evidence of hepatic tumor within 8 weeks of enrollment.
  • Female study volunteers must not participate in a conception process (e.g., active attempt to become pregnant). If participating in sexual activity that could lead to pregnancy, the female study volunteer must use the following forms of contraception while receiving study-specific medication(s) and for 30 days after stopping the medication. One of the following methods MUST be used appropriately:

    • Condoms1 (male or female) with or without a spermicidal agent
    • Diaphragm or cervical cap with spermicide
    • intrauterine device(IUD)
    • Hormonal-based method

      1. Condoms are recommended because their appropriate use is the only contraception method effective for preventing HIV transmission.

Note: Subjects with concomitant Hepatitis C infection will be permitted to enroll.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Allergy or sensitivity to study drug
  • Pregnancy, breastfeeding or unwillingness/inability to adhere to contraceptive methods for the duration of the study
  • Prisoners or subjects who are incarcerated.
  • Evidence of malignancy that would make the subject, in the opinion of the investigator, unsuitable for the study. This includes any systemic antineoplastic or immunomodulatory treatment or radiation within 24 weeks prior to study entry or the expectation that such treatment will be needed at any time during the study.
  • Receipt of systemic corticosteroids within 90 days prior to study entry (as this medication may increase HBV replication).
  • Investigational anti-HIV agents will be allowed on a case-by-case basis with the approval of the protocol team.
  • Active drug or alcohol use or dependence that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with adherence to study requirements.
  • Any active medical, psychiatric or social circumstance that in the opinion of the investigator puts the subject at potential risk from study participation or makes adherence to the study protocol unlikely.
  • Receipt of the following drugs with anti-HBV activity within 90 days prior to study entry or anticipated receipt during the course of the study including: adefovir(ADV), telbivudine, alpha interferon, penciclovir (Denavir) (except if given for < 4 weeks), famciclovir (Famvir), diaminopurine dioxolane (DAPD), clevudine (L-FMAU), thymosin alpha 1, ganciclovir (treatment limited to < 7 days is acceptable) (Cytovene), L-deoxythymidine, and L-deoxythymidine compounds and other investigational agents with anti-HBV activity.
  • Receipt of nephrotoxic drugs (e.g., aminoglycosides, amphotericin B, vancomycin, cidofovir [Vistide], foscarnet [Foscavir], cisplatin, intravenous pentamidine [Pentam], oral tacrolimus [Prograf], cyclosporine [Sandimmune]) or the competitor of renal excretion, probenecid (Benemid), within 8 weeks prior to study entry or expected use of these agents during the course of the study. (Topical tacrolimus is allowed.)
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00662545

United States, California
San Francisco General HIV Clinical Trials Group
San Francisco, California, United States, 94110
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Francisco
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Principal Investigator: Anne F Luetkemeyer, MD HIV/AIDS Division, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco
  More Information

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Responsible Party: University of California, San Francisco
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00662545     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: A109324
First Submitted: April 16, 2008
First Posted: April 21, 2008
Results First Submitted: May 14, 2013
Results First Posted: May 16, 2013
Last Update Posted: May 27, 2013
Last Verified: May 2013

Keywords provided by University of California, San Francisco:
Hepatitis B
treatment experienced

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Communicable Diseases
Hepatitis A
HIV Infections
Hepatitis B
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Hepadnaviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
Pathologic Processes

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