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Effectiveness of Rotarix™ Against Rotavirus Severe Gastroenteritis (RV SGE) in Infants in Panama

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00653198
First Posted: April 4, 2008
Last Update Posted: September 5, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline
  Purpose
This study aims to estimate the effectiveness of Rotarix™ vaccine which is used nationwide as a part of the expanded program on immunization (EPI), in preventing RV SGE among hospitalised children born after 1 March 2006, which corresponds to the date of introduction of Rotarix™ in the national immunization program.

Condition Intervention
Infections, Rotavirus Other: No intervention

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Hospital-based, Case-control Study to Assess the Vaccine Effectiveness of Rotarix™ Against Rotavirus Severe Gastroenteritis (RV SGE) Among Hospitalised Children Born After 1 March 2006 and at Least 12 Weeks of Age, in Panama

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Occurrence of RV GE among children born after 1 March 2006, at least 12 weeks of age and admitted to the study hospital for SGE.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Occurrence of acute GE among children born after 1 March 2006, at least 12 weeks of age and admitted to the study hospital for SGE.

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
Stool samples

Enrollment: 885
Actual Study Start Date: March 19, 2008
Study Completion Date: March 18, 2011
Primary Completion Date: March 18, 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts Assigned Interventions
A
Cases
Other: No intervention
B
Controls
Other: No intervention

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Weeks and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Cases will include those children born after 1 March 2006, at least 12 weeks of age and hospitalised for RV SGE in the study hospital, during the designated study period. For each case, three hospital controls and three neighbourhood controls will be included in the study, after matching by date of birth. Hospital controls will be children hospitalised for non-GE causes in the study hospital during the same time period as the case. Neighbourhood controls will be children without any symptoms of GE or SGE, and residing in the same area as the case at least for three consecutive months.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria for enrolled subjects and cases :

  • A male or female child born after 1 March 2006 (which corresponds to the date of introduction of Rotarix™ in the EPI) and at least 12 weeks of age.
  • Subject admitted to the study hospital for SGE (refer to the glossary) during the study period.
  • Onset of SGE <= 14 days prior to admission.
  • Laboratory confirmed (i.e. by ELISA at the hospital laboratory) RV positive stool sample at hospital admission or during the first 48 hours of hospitalisation. Note: This criterion is applicable only for cases.
  • Written informed consent obtained from the parent or guardian of the subject.

Inclusion criteria for controls:

  • Admitted for non-GE causes at the same hospital as the case. Note: This criterion is applicable to hospital controls only.
  • Living in the same neighbourhood as the case for at least three consecutive months. Note: This criterion is applicable to neighbourhood controls only.
  • At least 12 weeks of age and being born within ± 2 weeks from the date of birth of the case. If the list of children born within ± 2 weeks is exhausted, then the range would be extended to ± 4 weeks.
  • Written informed consent obtained from the parent or guardian of the child.

Exclusion Criteria for enrolled subjects and cases:

  • Subject has previously participated as case or control in this study.
  • Hospitalisation is unrelated to GE.
  • Onset of SGE > 48 hours after admission to the hospital (nosocomial infections).

Exclusion criteria for controls:

  • For hospital controls: Child who has symptoms of GE during current hospitalisation or on the day of interview of his/her parent or guardian.

OR

  • For neighbourhood controls: Child who has symptoms of GE on the day of interview of his/her parent or guardian.
  • Exclude children with the following vaccine preventable diseases: measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, tuberculosis, invasive Haemophilus Influenzae Type B (Hib) infections (meningitis, bacteraemia, septic arthritis, cellulitis, and epiglottitis) and hepatitis B.
  • Child has participated in the past as a case or control in this study.
  • Child living in the same house as the case. Note: This criterion is applicable to neighbourhood controls only
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00653198


Locations
Panama
GSK Investigational Site
Panama, Panama
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00653198     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 104676
First Submitted: March 19, 2008
First Posted: April 4, 2008
Last Update Posted: September 5, 2017
Last Verified: September 2017

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
Rotavirus severe gastroenteritis (RV SGE)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Gastroenteritis
Rotavirus Infections
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Reoviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases