Low-dose RAD001(Everolimus) Plus Cisplatin-HDFL Chemotherapy for the First-line Treatment of Advanced Gastric Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00632268
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 10, 2008
Last Update Posted : August 21, 2013
National Cheng-Kung University Hospital
Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Taiwan University Hospital

Brief Summary:
The primary end-point of this study is to evaluate the objective response rates, and the secondary end-points are overall survival, progression-free survival and safety profile of low-dose RAD001 (everolimus) plus cisplatin and HDFL (weekly 24-hour infusion of high-dose 5-FU and leucovorin) chemotherapy in the first-line treatment for patients with unresectable, recurrent, or metastatic gastric cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Gastric Cancer Drug: RAD001; Cisplatin; 5-FU; Leucovorin Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Non-resectable gastric cancer is an incurable disease, with a median survival of 4 months if untreated. Systemic chemotherapy confers prolongation of survival and improvement of quality of life. Regimens containing cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) are widely adopted in the world. The overall response rate and median overall survival of the P-HDFL regimen (cisplatin and weekly 24-hour infusion of high-dose 5-FU and leucovorin) for advanced gastric cancer are 60% (45%-76%, 95% C.I.) and 10 months, respectively. This regimen (P-HDFL) is very popular in Taiwan because of high objective response rates and low treatment-related toxicities. Adding a third active chemotherapeutic agent to cisplatin and 5-FU doublet does not seem to improve efficacy. Further, most of the patients with recurrent or metastatic gastric cancer are frequently associated with a poor general condition which prohibits intensive chemotherapy. Therefore, combination of P-HDFL with biologic agents(such as everolimus, etc.)is an attractive alternative.

PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway is actively participating in cell proliferation and survival of human gastric cancers. We have recently demonstrated that RAD001(everolimus),an mTOR inhibitor, although with only modest growth inhibitory effects as a single agent, has significant synergistic cytotoxicity with cisplatin and 5-FU in gastric cancer cells. The concentration of RAD001 needed for synergism with cisplatin and 5-FU is as low as 0.5 to 5 nM. And, as expected, RAD001 has significant inhibition of downstream molecules such as 4E-BP1 and S6Kinase, in human gastric cancer cells. It is therefore reasonable to conduct a phase II study to examine if the combination of a relatively low dose of RAD001 and P-HDFL may improve the outcome of advanced gastric cancer.

This is an open-label, multi-center, phase II trial using low-dose RAD001 (10 mg po on D1,D8,&D15) plus P-HDFL chemotherapy (cisplatin 35 mg/m2 ivd 24 hrs on D1 & D8; 5-FU 2,000 mg/m2 and leucovorin 300 mg/m2 ivd 24 hrs on D1,D8,&D15) in chemotherapy-naïve patients with unresectable locally advanced, recurrent or metastatic gastric cancer. The treatment will be repeated every 28 days. The primary end-point is objective response rates evaluated by RECIST criteria, and the secondary end-points are overall survival, progression-free survival and safety profile. Approximately 41 patients will be enrolled in order to obtain the 37 evaluable patients required by Simon two-stage minimax design. All enrolled patients will be subjected to toxicity evaluations, but optionally to the correlative translational study of biomarkers in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Patients with massive malignant ascites will optionally participate the study of biomarkers in neoplastic cells in ascites.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 40 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of Low-dose RAD001(Everolimus) Plus Cisplatin and HDFL (Weekly 24-Hour Infusion of High-dose 5-Fluorouracil and Leucovorin) Chemotherapy for First-line Treatment of Unresectable, Recurrent or Metastatic Gastric Cancer
Study Start Date : February 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2012

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: A
Drug:RAD001 Drug:Cisplatin Drug:5-FU
Drug: RAD001; Cisplatin; 5-FU; Leucovorin
RAD001: oral 10mg/day on Day 1,8,15 Cisplatin:infusion 35mg/m2/day on Day 1,8 5-FU:infusion 2000mg/m2/day on Day 1,8,15

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To evaluate the confirmed objective response rates (complete and partial responses) [ Time Frame: 2008 ~2009 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To assess the overall survival(OS), progression-free survival(PFS), treatment-related toxicities, and pharmacokinetic profile of RAD001 used in combination with 5-FU and cisplatin [ Time Frame: 2009~2010 ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 75 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients must have a histologically proven adenocarcinoma of the stomach, with unresectable locally advanced, recurrent or metastatic disease;
  2. Patients must receive no prior chemotherapy for unresectable locally advanced, recurrent or metastatic gastric cancer. Previous post-gastrectomy adjuvant therapy should be completed more than 6 months before enrollment;
  3. Patients must have at least one "measurable" lesion (by RECIST);
  4. Patients must have adequate baseline organ functions, and fasting triglyceride level >/= 70 mg/mL;
  5. Patients must be younger than 75 years of age;
  6. Patients must have an ECOG performance status </= 2;
  7. Patients' life expectancy should be expected >/= 3 months;
  8. Patients must sign an informed consent form.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients who have received radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or other experimental therapy within the previous 4 weeks or who are planning to receive such therapies simultaneously with RAD001 plus P-HDFL;
  2. Patients who have known hypersensitivity to everolimus, sirolimus or to its derivative;
  3. Patients who should not withdrawal from medication which can induce or inhibit activity of CYP3A4 during study period;
  4. Patients who have uncontrolled concurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations;
  5. Patients with CNS metastasis;
  6. Patients who refuse port-A implantation;
  7. Women who are currently pregnant or breast feeding, and women of child-bearing potential without adequate contraception;
  8. Patients who have another prior malignancy, except for adequately treated basal cell, cervical carcinoma in situ, or any cancer from which the patient has been disease-free for 5 years.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00632268

Department of Oncology, National Taiwan University Hospital
Taipei, Taiwan, 10002
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Taiwan University Hospital
National Cheng-Kung University Hospital
Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan
Principal Investigator: Kun-Huei Yeh, M.D.,Ph.D. Department of Oncology, National Taiwan University Hospital

Responsible Party: National Taiwan University Hospital Identifier: NCT00632268     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 200612015M
First Posted: March 10, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 21, 2013
Last Verified: August 2013

Keywords provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:
mTOR inhibitor
high-dose 5-FU

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Stomach Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Stomach Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antifungal Agents