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Phase II Trial of Stereotactic Radiosurgery Boost Following Surgical Resection for Brain Metastases

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00587964
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 8, 2008
Results First Posted : February 22, 2016
Last Update Posted : February 22, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

For patients who have one or two metastases in the brain, the tumor(s) can often be removed with surgery to relieve symptoms from the tumor(s) and to improve survival. However, about half of all patients who have the tumor(s) removed with surgery will develop regrowth (recurrence) of the tumor. To prevent this regrowth of tumor, some patients receive radiation to the entire brain (whole brain radiation) after surgery. This involves daily treatment for about two to three weeks, and may cause long-term neurological problems, such as memory loss.

Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is sometimes used instead of surgery to treat brain metastasis. This involves the use of a special head frame and sophisticated computer programs that enable us to deliver a high dose of radiation to a small focused area of the brain in only one treatment.

Research has shown that the results of treatment with SRS are as good as surgical removal of the tumor. SRS and surgical resection are considered the standard options for the treatment of brain metastases. This Phase II clinical trial is studying the combination of these two techniques. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the use of SRS following surgical removal of brain metastases. The outcomes we will be looking at are tumor regrowth after treatment and side effects of treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Brain Metastasis Bladder Cancer Breast Cancer Cervical Cancer Colon Cancer HEENT Cancer Lung Cancer Melanoma Pancreatic Cancer Prostate Cancer Rectal Cancer Sarcoma Testicular Cancer Radiation: Stereotactic Radiosurgery Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This is a phase II trial in patients with 1-2 brain metastases treated with surgical resection followed by stereotactic radiosurgery boost. Following surgical resection, patients would receive a stereotactic radiosurgery boost to the surgical bed, 2-8 weeks after surgery. A dose of 15 to 22 Gy would be delivered in a single fraction. Patient would be subsequently followed clinically and radiologically to watch for local control as well as toxicity. If a recurrence or new metastasis(es) is detected, further treatment may be given, consisting of chemotherapy, surgery, whole brain radiation therapy or stereotactic radiotherapy.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 51 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of Stereotactic Radiosurgery Boost Following Surgical Resection for Brain Metastases
Study Start Date : June 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2009

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment Radiation: Stereotactic Radiosurgery

All patients would undergo craniotomy and the goal of surgery in all cases would be total removal of the metastases. The patient will initially receive premedication with 0.5- 1mg of Ativan orally prior to SRS procedure. Subsequently, the patient will have the stereotactic head ring placement under local anesthesia. A peripheral IV will be placed for administration of the intravenous contrast. Thin-section CT images will be obtained with intravenous contrast with head ring in place for the purpose of treatment planning.

A fusion program will be used to combine the recently obtained MRI images along with the CT scans. The target volume as well as the critical structures will be contoured. SRS would be delivered using either the Brain Lab or Radionics Radiosurgery planning and delivery system. Patients would receive a single treatment ranging from 15-22 GY.

Other Name: SRS

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Local Control [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

    following a combination of stereotactic radiosurgery and surgical resection for brain metastases; to determine the incidence of the brain injury following the combination therapy. Local control: Absence of radiographic evidence of tumor at the site of therapy constitutes local control of the treated disease.Recurrence in the treated region: The reappearance of tumor on any MRI or CT scan at the site of treatment constitutes recurrent disease at the treated region. Recurrence outside the treated region: The development of new intracranial metastatic foci or leptomeningeal disease constitutes recurrence outside the treated region. Leptomeningeal disease will be documented by a positive CSF cytology, abnormal myelogram or spinal MRI.

    No evidence of disease: Absence of clinical or radiographic evidence of tumor both at the site of therapy and elsewhere in the brain constitutes no evidence of disease.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed malignancy with the presence of one or two intraparenchymal brain metastases (newly diagnosed patients may be registered based on radiologic confirmation if pathology is unavailable)
  • Age ≥ 18 years
  • Karnofsky performance status ≥ 70
  • Neurologic Function Status 0-2
  • Patients may have extracranial sites of metastatic disease
  • Adequate bone marrow reserve (hemoglobin ≥ 8 grams, absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1000/mm3, platelets ≥ 50,000/mm3)
  • Patient must sign a study specific informed consent form.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Major medical illness including poor cardiac, pulmonary or renal status which would result in patient being a high risk candidate for neurosurgical procedure
  • Inability to obtain histologic proof of malignancy
  • Patients with leptomeningeal metastases documented by MRI or CSF evaluation Patients with metastases within 10 mm of the optic apparatus so that some portion of the optic nerve or chiasm would be included in the high dose SRS boost field
  • Patients with metastases in the brainstem, midbrain, pons, or medulla
  • Patients with small cell lung cancer, germ-cell tumors, lymphoma, leukemia and multiple myeloma are not eligible
  • Younger than 18 years of age
  • Karnofsky performance status of ≤ 60
  • Prior history of whole brain radiation therapy
  • Concomitant use of chemotherapy or targeted biological therapy (within a week of the SRS treatment)
  • ≥ 3 metastases in the brain
  • Allergy to both CT and MR contrast dyes
  • Platelet count of < 100,000 or coagulation disorders that cannot be corrected or would render the surgery a high-risk procedure

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00587964

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United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
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Principal Investigator: Kathryn Beal, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00587964    
Other Study ID Numbers: 04-061
First Posted: January 8, 2008    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 22, 2016
Last Update Posted: February 22, 2016
Last Verified: January 2016
Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
Brain Metastasis
Bladder cancer
Breast cancer
Cervical cancer
Colon cancer
HEENT cancer
Lung cancer
Pancreatic cancer
Prostate cancer
Rectal cancer
Testicular cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Neoplasm Metastasis
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Rectal Neoplasms
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Colonic Neoplasms
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Brain Neoplasms
Testicular Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Prostatic Diseases
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Digestive System Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue