Guanfacine to Reduce Stress-Induced Cocaine/Alcohol Craving and Relapse
This study aims to test the preliminary efficacy of 3.0 mg of guanfacine (GFC) daily versus placebo in cocaine and/or alcohol dependent individuals. This proposal is a laboratory and treatment outcome study to examine the effects of guanfacine on brief exposure to stress, drug cues and neutral situations on cocaine/alcohol craving, mood and neurobiological reactivity in a sample of cocaine and/or alcohol dependent individuals. Guanfacine will be beneficial for reduction in stress and drug cue induced craving and related arousal. In a sample of 60 cocaine and/or alcohol dependent men and women, we propose to examine (a) differences in measures of cocaine craving, emotion state, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) activation, physiological arousal and plasma catecholamine response to stress imagery and to drug cue imagery as compared to neutral imagery; (b) reduction in cocaine/alcohol abstinence symptoms; and (c) improvement in cocaine and alcohol treatment outcomes as measured by increasing abstinence, reduction in cocaine/alcohol use and increased treatment attendance. Hypothesis 1: Guanfacine will decrease stress-induced cocaine craving, negative emotions and related arousal in the laboratory as compared to placebo. Hypothesis 2a: As compared to the PLA group, the GFC group will show significant reductions in protracted withdrawal symptoms as measured by the CSSA/CIWA during the 9-week treatment period.
Hypothesis 2b: As compared to the PLA group, a higher percentage of the GFC patients will remain abstinent during the 9-week treatment period with a higher percent of negative cocaine urines and alcohol-free days.
Hypothesis 2c: The GFC group will show greater adherence to treatment as measured by the days in treatment as compared to the Pla group.
|Cocaine Dependent Alcohol Dependent||Drug: Guanfacine Drug: Placebo||Phase 1|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Guanfacine to Reduce Stress-Induced Cocaine/Alcohol Craving and Relapse|
- stress-induced cocaine craving and negative emotions [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
- Drug and alcohol use [ Time Frame: over ninety days ]
|Study Start Date:||April 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2016|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Active Comparator: Guanfacine||
|Placebo Comparator: PLA||
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00585754
|United States, Connecticut|
|Yale University School of Medicine: Yale Stress Center|
|New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06519|
|Principal Investigator:||Rajita Sinha, PhD||Yale University|