Effects of Anti-HIV Drugs on the Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) in Adults Infected With Both HCV and HIV (ART and HCV)

This study has been completed.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kenneth Sherman, University of Cincinnati
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: October 15, 2007
Last updated: August 8, 2014
Last verified: August 2014
The purpose of this study is to measure the effects of anti-HIV drugs on hepatitis C virus (HCV) viral load in people infected with both HCV and HIV.

Condition Intervention Phase
Hepatitis C
HIV Infections
Drug: Efavirenz
Drug: Emtricitabine/Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Antiretroviral Therapy and the Hepatitis C Virus

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Cincinnati:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Underlying patterns of liver injury and hepatitis C virus (HCV) viral changes after antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 18
Study Start Date: April 2006
Study Completion Date: March 2012
Primary Completion Date: March 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Participants will receive ART consisting of efavirenz and the co-formulation of emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. If participants are unable to tolerate the treatment, a different regimen will be prescribed.
Drug: Efavirenz
600 mg tablet taken orally daily
Drug: Emtricitabine/Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate
200 mg emtricitabine/ 300 mg tenofovir disoproxil fumarate tablet taken orally daily

Detailed Description:

Coinfection with HCV and HIV occurs in 20% to 30% of HIV infected people in the United States. Individuals with HCV/HIV coinfection tend to have higher HCV viral loads than individuals with HCV alone. However, current evidence suggests that initiation of effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) may be associated with increases in HCV viral load. The purpose of this study is to evaluate changes in HCV viral load associated with the initiation of ART in HCV/HIV coinfected adults.

All participants will receive ART consisting of efavirenz once daily and the co-formulation of emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (DF) once daily. If participants are unable to tolerate a different regimen would be prescribed.

There will be at least 21 study visits. During the first week of the study, participants will undergo blood draws for viral kinetic sampling and initiation of study medications. Following the first week, there will be weekly visits for 96 weeks. At screening, participants will undergo vital signs measurements, a physical exam, medical history, blood collection, and liver biopsy. During Week 1, participants will be hospitalized for 24 hours for initiation of ART and viral kinetic sampling. Blood draws for viral kinetic sampling of HCV and HIV will be performed at Hours 0, 2, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24. Participants will return to the clinic or hospital at Hours 48, 72, 96, and 167 for additional viral kinetic sampling. Blood collection will occur at all visits; physical exams, vital signs measurement, a side effects questionnaire, and urine and semen collection will occur at selected visits.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • HCV-infected
  • HIV-infected
  • Liver biopsy consistent with chronic hepatitis within 1 year of study entry.
  • ART-naive or no ART for at least 3 months prior to study entry

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Hemoglobin less than 9 g/dl.
  • Hepatitis B virus infected or antibody to hepatitis B core antigen, alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, Wilson's disease, hemochromatosis, autoimmune disorder, or other concurrent liver disease
  • Decompensated liver disease evidenced by active or history of encephalopathy, ascites, or variceal bleeding; prothrombin time (PT) greater than 3 seconds above normal or international normalized ratio (INR) greater than 1.3 sec; platelet count less than 90,000 K/ul. Participants with cirrhosis will not be excluded.
  • Active thyroid disease. Participants on thyroid replacement therapy with normal thyroid-stimulating hormone are not excluded.
  • Chronic kidney insufficiency, defined as creatinine clearance of greater than approximately 50 ml/min
  • Life-threatening disease processes other than HIV or HCV that could interfere with participation in the study
  • Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, may interfere with completion of the study regimen. This includes severe psychiatric disorders, or active alcohol or recreational drug abuse
  • Use of systemic corticosteroids or immunomodulatory drugs within 1 month prior to study entry
  • Current or prior successful interferon treatment
  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00545558

United States, Ohio
General Clinical Research Center (GCRC), OH site
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45229
United States, Virginia
Virginia Commonwealth University, School of Medicine
Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23298
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Cincinnati
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Principal Investigator: Kenneth E. Sherman, MD, PhD Unviersity of Cincinnati
  More Information

Additional Information:
Ma G, Barrett A, Sherman KE, Shata T, Blackard J. Detection of HIV in Liver Biopsies and Intrahepatic Lymphocytes. 15th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. Boston, MA February 2008
Sherman KE, Rouster S, Feinberg J, Bini E, Blackard J, Shata T. Hepatic Apoptosis following Initiation of ART in HCV/HIV co-infected Subjects. 16th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, Montreal, Canada February 2009
Blackard J, Ma G, Rouster S, Martin C, Shata T, Sherman K. Baseline hepatitis C virus variability does not predict flares in HIV/HCV co-infected persons initiating antiretroviral therapy. 5th International Workshop on HIV and Hepatitis Co-infection, Lisbon, Portugal, June 2009.
Blackard J, Ma G, Rouster S, Barrett A, Shata T, Sherman K. HIV is frequently detected in liver biopsy tissue. 5th International Workshop on HIV and Hepatitis Co-infection, Lisbon, Portugal, June 2009.
Shata MT, Bartholomew KA, Rouster SD, Blackard JT, Sterling RK, Bini E, Perelson AS, Goodman ZD and Sherman KE. Strong HCV and HIV immune responses in coinfected subjects who experienced ALT flare and/or rebound HCV viral load after ART initiation. 17th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, San Francisco, CA, February 2010.

Responsible Party: Kenneth Sherman, Principal Investigator, University of Cincinnati
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00545558     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 5R01AI065256-01  5R01AI065256 
Study First Received: October 15, 2007
Last Updated: August 8, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government
United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of Cincinnati:
Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active
Treatment Naive

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis C
Digestive System Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Liver Diseases
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Emtricitabine, Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Drug Combination
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on May 26, 2016