Relative Risks for Non-Fatal Venous Thromboembolism, Ischemic Stroke and Myocardial Infarction in Users of ORTHO EVRA(Norelgestromin and Ethinyl Estradiol Contraceptive Patch) Compared to Levonorgestrel-Containing Oral Contraceptives.
|Study Design:||Time Perspective: Retrospective|
|Official Title:||Postmarketing Study of ORTHO EVRA and Levonorgestrel Oral Contraceptives in Relation to Non-Fatal Venous Thromboembolism, Ischemic Stroke and Myocardial Infarction.|
|Study Start Date:||November 2006|
This observational, retrospective study uses the PharMetrics insurance claims database to assess the occurrence of venous thromboembolism (including cerebral venous sinus thrombosis), ischemic stroke, and acute myocardial infarction in current users of ORTHO EVRA (norelgestromin and ethinyl estradiol transdermal contraceptive patch) compared to current users of levonorgestrel-containing oral contraceptives with 30 micrograms ethinyl estradiol, with special attention to duration of use. PharMetrics is a United States based, ongoing longitudinal database with information on around 55 million covered lives going back as far as 1995. It is made up of data contributed by managed care plans throughout the United States and it contains information on paid claims for pharmaceuticals, medical diagnoses and procedures as well as demographic information on all subjects. There will be 3 sets of cases reflecting women who have a first-time recorded claim for an ICD-9 diagnosis of the following during the study period: (1) deep vein thrombosis (blood clot), pulmonary embolism, or cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, venous thrombotic event (VTE) with hospitalization, a visit to the emergency room or positive indication of VTE from diagnostic test results, at any time during the study period and who had subsequent multiple claims for anticoagulant treatment. The requirement for multiple prescriptions for anticoagulation therapy was used to provide evidence that the original diagnosis of VTE was confirmed. (2) ischemic stroke and who were hospitalized, or (3) acute myocardial infarction (heart attack) or acute coronary revascularization and who were hospitalized. Three separate sets of controls will be identified for each outcome. Planned analysis will estimate the relative risk of idiopathic (unknown cause) ischemic stroke or myocardial infarction, and another analysis will estimate the relative risk of idiopathic VTE. Conditional logistic regression will be used. Analyses will be stratified by calendar year. The analyses will be repeated including non-idiopathic cases of VTE, ischemic stroke, and acute myocardial infarction.
Each transdermal patch containing 6 milligrams norelgestromin and 0.75 milligram ethinyl estradiol is worn for 1 week for 3 consecutive weeks; the fourth week is patch-free. Triphasic levonorgestrel-containing oral contraceptives with 30 micrograms ethinyl estradiol is taken for 21 consecutive days followed by no pill or an inert pill for 7 days. Duration of use can vary.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00511784
|Study Director:||Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, L.L.C. Clinical Trial||Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.|