Markers of Atopy in Children With Presumed Early Exposure to Allergens, Unhygienic Conditions, and Infections
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00503048|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 18, 2007
Last Update Posted : December 25, 2008
|Condition or disease|
There are many studies regarding possible causes of increasing trend in frequency of allergic diseases in the last three decades. Main causes of this trend are: decrease of infectious diseases frequency, improvement in life level, changes in diet and lactic acid bacterias elimination from digestive tract. Less exposition to microbes can lead to the disturbance in optimal balance between Th1 and Th2 lymphocytes, prevalence of Th2 cytokines and excessively high production of IgE. Decreased exposure to microbes has resulted in the loss of main source of immune provocation, and a consequent increase in pathogenic immune responses and their associated diseases. Molecular interactions between immunocytes and microbes are mediated largely by Toll-like receptors (TLRs) on host cells and a diversity of ligands produced by viruses, bacteria and fungi.
Many studies confirm the protective role of some viral, bacterial or parasite infections against atopy development.
The studied group consisted of 500 children, living in all the ten community foster homes in Lodz. The reference group consisted of 500 children, living with their parents at home, recruited from primary care centres.
Primary Purpose of this study is to compare the prevalence of atopy and atopic diseases in two child populations: foster care and reference children and - to define risk and protective factors for the development of atopy.
Secondary Purpose is the genotyping and cytometric study - to define risk and protective factors for the development of atopy.
Primary outcome measures: skin prick test results with 18 allergens, peripheral blood eosinophil count, level of total and specific IgE in children with positive skin-test results were secondary and point, spirometry, medical history and physical examination.
Secondary outcome measures: included symptoms of asthma and other allergic diseases, lung function, parental allergy only for children from reference group, family history including life conditions in very early childhood, and markers of allergy such as total IgE serum concentration and eosinophil blood count, expression of TLR2, TLR4, TLR7, TLR9, examining the serum samples for specific antibodies to Toxocara sp, Toxoplasma gondi, Ascaris lumbricoides, DNA.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||915 participants|
|Official Title:||Markers of Atopy in Children With Presumed Early Exposure to Allergens, Unhygienic Conditions, and Infections|
|Study Start Date :||December 2003|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||October 2007|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||November 2007|
foster care children
reference children (living with families)
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00503048
|Department of Pediatrics and Allergy, Medical University of Lodz Lodz, Poland|
|Lodz, Poland, 93-513|
|Principal Investigator:||Katarzyna Smejda, MD||Department of Pediatrics and Allergy, Medical University of Lodz, Poland|
|Study Chair:||Iwona Stelmach, MD, PhD, Prof||Department of Pediatrics and Allergy, Medical University of Lodz, Poland|