Aripiprazole Treatment for Methamphetamine Dependence Among High-risk Individuals
Studies demonstrate that methamphetamine (meth) use is associated with high-risk sexual behavior among men who have sex with men (MSM), putting meth-using MSM at extraordinarily high risk for transmitting or acquiring HIV. This study is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of the medication aripiprazole for methamphetamine-using individuals, including MSM, and will assess efficacy, acceptability, tolerability, safety, and adherence to study medication.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Aripiprazole Treatment for Methamphetamine Dependence Among High-risk Individuals|
- To Test the Hypothesis That Aripiprazole 20 mg Daily Will Reduce Methamphetamine Use Significantly More Than Placebo Among Methamphetamine-dependent Individuals. [ Time Frame: Final study visit at week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]To test the hypothesis that aripiprazole 20 mg daily will reduce methamphetamine use significantly more than placebo among methamphetamine-dependent individuals, as determined by the proportion of methamphetamine-positive urines in the aripiprazole versus placebo group.
- To Measure the Acceptability of Aripiprazole and Placebo Among Methamphetamine-dependent Individuals, by Determining (Via Electronic Pill Caps [MEMS or Medication Event Monitoring System]) Medication Adherence to Aripiprazole and Placebo. [ Time Frame: Adherence as determined by MEMS (throughout study, up to 12 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]To measure the acceptability of aripiprazole and placebo among methamphetamine-dependent individuals, by determining (via electronic pill caps [MEMS or Medication Event Monitoring System]) medication adherence to aripiprazole and placebo. (Percent adherence from MEMS is determined by 100* the number of days where MEMS registered an opening out of the number of days a dose was prescribed for each arm.)
- To Measure the Safety and Tolerability of Aripiprazole and Placebo Among Methamphetamine-dependent Individuals, as Determined by the Number of Adverse Clinical Events in the Aripiprazole and Placebo Arms. [ Time Frame: Total reported adverse events (throughout study, up to 12 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||March 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Aripiprazole 5mg daily for week one. Aripiprazole 10mg daily for week two. Aripiprazole 20mg daily for weeks three through twelve.
Other Name: Abilify
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo (for Aripiprazole) 5mg daily for week one. Placebo (for Aripiprazole) 10mg daily for week two. Placebo (for Aripiprazole) 20mg daily for weeks three through twelve.
Sugar pill manufactured to mimic Aripiprazole gel caps.
Population-based surveys estimate that the prevalence of methamphetamine use is 20 times higher among men who have sex with men (MSM) compared to the general population. Methamphetamine-associated sexual risk behavior is also a driving force in the MSM HIV epidemic: methamphetamine use has been associated with increased number of sexual partners, unprotected sex acts, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and HIV acquisition. Despite these alarming data, relatively few interventions have been tested among methamphetamine-using MSM. Among heterosexual non-injection drug users, methamphetamine use has been associated with well characterized risks for HIV and STDs including increased numbers of sexual partners, less condom use than non-methamphetamine users, engaging in sex work, and self-reported history of STDs. In parallel with the continued testing of behavioral approaches, we believe the time has come to test the feasibility and acceptability of pharmacologic interventions to reduce methamphetamine use among high-risk individuals. Pharmacologic approaches to treating substance use have been successful in treating nicotine, alcohol, and heroin dependencies. Preliminary dosing studies demonstrate that aripiprazole (Abilify), an FDA-approved, well-tolerated antipsychotic and partial dopamine agonist, reduced the effects of methamphetamine in humans and exhibited a good safety profile. We propose to expand upon these promising results by conducting a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study of aripiprazole among sexually-active, methamphetamine-dependent individuals.
The specific aims of this study are:
- To test the hypothesis that aripiprazole 20 mg daily will reduce methamphetamine use significantly more than placebo among methamphetamine-dependent individuals, as determined by the proportion of methamphetamine-negative urines and by self-report of methamphetamine use in the aripiprazole versus placebo group.
- To measure the acceptability of aripiprazole and placebo among methamphetamine-dependent individuals, by determining (via electronic pill caps and self-report) medication adherence to aripiprazole and placebo.
- To measure the safety and tolerability of aripiprazole and placebo among methamphetamine-dependent individuals, as determined by the number of adverse clinical events in the aripiprazole and placebo arms.
If promising, study results will be used to design larger, definitive clinical trials to determine the efficacy of aripiprazole in reducing methamphetamine use and corresponding methamphetamine-associated sexual risk among MSM. This pilot study is therefore designed to reflect the structure of such trials. We will enroll 90 sexually active, methamphetamine-dependent individuals who will be randomized 1:1 to receive aripiprazole (n=45) or placebo (n=45) for 12 weeks. Because we are testing a drug for a new indication in a new population, we will include extensive safety parameters, as done in prior studies of pharmacologic interventions among substance users. We will also include both urine testing and extensive behavioral risk assessments because we anticipate that future definitive efficacy trials will analyze both substance use and sexual risk behavior outcomes. Study participants will be seen at the San Francisco Department of Public Health AIDS Office where they will provide urines for drug testing and participate in substance use counseling. All participants will receive HIV risk-reduction counseling. Behavior will be assessed using standardized measures via audio computer-assisted self-interview (ACASI).
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00497055
|United States, California|
|San Francisco Department of Public Health, AIDS Office|
|San Francisco, California, United States, 94102|
|Principal Investigator:||Phillip O Coffin, MD, MIA||Director of Substance Use Research, San Francisco Department of Public Health|