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Time Course of the Antiproteinuric and Blood Pressure Lowering Effects After Initiation of Renin Inhibition With Aliskiren in Type 2 Diabetes

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
Novartis Identifier:
First received: April 16, 2007
Last updated: September 22, 2016
Last verified: September 2016
This study will evaluate the time-course of the antiproteinuric effect of renin inhibition with Aliskiren in patients with Type 2 diabetes suffering from incipient and/or established nephropathy.

Condition Intervention Phase
Diabetes Type 2
Drug: Aliskiren
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-label, One-period, One-treatment Study to Evaluate the Time Course of the Antiproteinuric and Blood Pressure Lowering Effects After Initiation of Renin Inhibition With Aliskiren in Type 2 Diabetes Suffering From Incipient and/or Established Nephropathy

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Novartis:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To evaluate the time-course of the antiproteinuric effect of renin inhibition with Aliskiren in patients with Type 2 diabetes suffering from incipient and/or established nephropathy.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To measure blood pressure changes over time during the onset and offset of effect.
  • To investigate whether there is a change on biomarkers of inflammation and cardiovascular risk.

Estimated Enrollment: 18
Study Start Date: August 2005
Study Completion Date: November 2006
Primary Completion Date: November 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Ages Eligible for Study:   30 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male and/or female patients from 30-80 years of age with a diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes (WHO criteria).
  • Incipient and established diabetic nephropathy (urinary albumin excretion ≥ 100 mg/day but ≤ 2000 mg/day).
  • Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ≥ 40 ml/min (estimated using Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formula) in the last 4 months.
  • Female patients must be postmenopausal or must have had a bilateral oophorectomy or must have been surgically sterilized or hysterectomized at least 6 months prior to screening.
  • To be eligible patients must fulfill the following criteria: Patients on ongoing hypertensive therapy must have a blood pressure ≥ 135/85 mm Hg but lower than 170/105 mm Hg at baseline (Day -1) AND patients must be on stable antihypertensive medications for at least 8 weeks prior to baseline (Day -1).; Newly diagnosed hypertensive patients must have a blood pressure ≥ 135/85 mm Hg but lower than 170/105 mm Hg at baseline (Day -1).
  • Patients must be on stable hypoglycemic medications for at least 8 weeks prior to Visit 2 ( Day -1).
  • Patients must be willing and medically able to discontinue all Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI), Angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB), aldosterone receptor antagonist and potassium sparing diuretic medications for the duration of the study.
  • Oral body temperature within the range 35.0-37.5 °C
  • Able to provide written informed consent prior to study participation. .
  • Able to communicate well with the investigator and comply with the requirements of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Severe Hypertension Grade 3 WHO classification (Mean Sitting Diastolic Blood Pressure (MSDBP) 110 mmHg and/or Mean Sitting Systolic Blood Pressure MSSBP 180 mmHg)
  • Acetylsalicyclic acid (ASA) treatment >1g/day or regular use of Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs)
  • Kidney disease not caused by diabetes or hypertension
  • Serum potassium < 3.5 or > 5.1 mEq/L
  • GFR < 40 ml/min/1.73m2 as measured by the MDRD formula
  • Serum albumin < 2.0mg/dL
  • History of hypertensive encephalopathy or cerebrovascular accident at any time prior to Visit1.
  • Current diagnosis of heart failure (New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II-IV)
  • History of myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris, coronary bypass surgery, or any percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) during the 6 months prior to Visit 1
  • Second or third degree heart block without a pacemaker
  • Concurrent potentially life threatening arrhythmia or symptomatic arrhythmia
  • Clinically significant valvular heart disease
  • Type 1 diabetes mellitus
  • Uncontrolled Type II diabetes mellitus (Hemaglobin subtype A1C (HbA1C) >11 %)
  • History of malignancy including leukemia and lymphoma (but not basal cell skin carcinoma) within the past five years
  • Participation in any clinical investigation within 4 weeks prior to dosing or longer if required by local regulation.
  • Donation or loss of 400 mL or more of blood within 8 weeks prior to dosing.
  • Significant illness within the two weeks prior to dosing.
  • Any surgical or medical condition which might significantly alter the absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion of study drugs including, but not limited to, any of the following:

History of major gastrointestinal tract surgery such as gastrectomy, gastroenterostomy, or bowel resection

-Currently active or previously active inflammatory bowel disease during the 12 months prior to Visit 1 Currently active gastritis, duodenal or gastric ulcers, or gastrointestinal/rectal bleeding during the 3 months prior to Visit 1.

Any history of pancreatic injury, pancreatitis or evidence of impaired pancreatic function/injury as indicated by abnormal lipase or amylase Evidence of hepatic disease, a history of hepatic encephalopathy, a history of esophageal varices, or a history of portocaval shunt

  • Current treatment with cholestyramine or cholestipol resins
  • History of immunocompromise, including a positive HIV test result.
  • History of a positive Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) or Hepatitis C test result.
  • History of drug or alcohol abuse within the 12 months prior to dosing.
  • Persons directly involved in the execution of this protocol.
  • Any condition that in the opinion of the investigator or the Novartis medical monitor would jeopardize the evaluation of efficacy or safety
  • History of noncompliance to medical regimens or unwillingness to comply with the study protocol
  • Known or suspected contraindications to the study medications, including history of allergy to Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and/or to thiazide diuretics or other sulfonamide derived drug
  • Any surgical or medical condition, which in the opinion of the investigator, may place the patient at higher risk from his/her participation in the study, or is likely to prevent the patient from complying with the requirements of the study or completing the study
  • Use of any prescription drug or over-the-counter (OTC) medication which is prohibited by the protocol.
  • Patients who previously participated in any Aliskiren study.
  • Pregnant or nursing woman.

Other protocol-defined inclusion/exclusion criteria may apply

  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00461136

Gentofte, Denmark, 2820
Sponsors and Collaborators
Principal Investigator: Novartis Investigative site
  More Information Identifier: NCT00461136     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CSPP100A2242
Study First Received: April 16, 2007
Last Updated: September 22, 2016

Keywords provided by Novartis:
Time course
blood pressure
lowering effect
initiation of renin inhibition
Aliskiren in Type 2 diabetes
incipient and/or established nephropathy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases processed this record on April 28, 2017