ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

A Study for Participants With Major Depression

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00420004
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 9, 2007
Results First Posted : April 27, 2018
Last Update Posted : April 27, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eli Lilly and Company

Brief Summary:
This is a study to assess the safety and effectiveness of LY2216684 compared to placebo in treating adults with major depressive disorder.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Major Depressive Disorder Drug: LY2216684 Drug: Placebo Drug: Escitalopram Phase 2

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 469 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Study of the Effects of LY2216684, a Selective Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitor (NERI), in the Treatment of Major Depression
Study Start Date : December 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: LY2216684

LY2216684: flexible dose of 3, 6, 9, or 12 milligrams (mg), tablets, administered orally, once daily for 8 weeks.

For the first week of treatment, participants received a starting dose of 3 mg/day. Then, based on tolerability, for the next 7 weeks, the dose could remain at 3 mg/day; it could be increased 3 mg at a time (scheduled visit) to a maximum dose of 12 mg/day; or it could be decreased 3 mg at any time (scheduled or unscheduled visits) to a minimum dose of 3 mg/day.

All participants were required to take an equal number of tablets (2) and capsules (2) per day. Therefore, participants on 3 mg/day and 6 mg/day of LY2216684 also received 1 LY2216684-matching placebo tablet + 2 escitalopram-matching placebo capsules. Participants on 9 mg/day and 12 mg/day of LY2216684 also received 2 escitalopram-matching placebo capsules.

Drug: LY2216684
3-mg and 6-mg tablets
Other Name: Edivoxetine

Drug: Placebo
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo: tablet and capsule equivalents to LY2216684 and escitalopram, respectively, administered orally, once daily for 8 weeks.
Drug: Placebo
Active Comparator: Escitalopram

Escitalopram: flexible dose of 10 or 20 milligram (mg), capsules, administered orally, once daily for 8 weeks.

For the first week of treatment, participants received a starting dose of 10 mg/day. Then, based on tolerability, for the next 7 weeks, the dose could remain at 10 mg/day; it could be increased up to a maximum dose of 20 mg/day; or it could be decreased back to 10 mg/day.

All participants were required to take an equal number of tablets (2) and capsules (2) per day. Therefore, participants on 10 mg/day of escitalopram also received 1 escitalopram-matching placebo capsule + 2 LY2216684-matching placebo tablets. Participants on 20 mg/day of escitalopram also received 2 LY2216684-matching placebo tablets.

Drug: Placebo
Drug: Escitalopram
10-mg capsules
Other Names:
  • Lexapro®
  • Cipralex®




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline to Week 8 in the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD-17) Total Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 8 ]
    The HAMD-17 is a 17-item assessment used to assess the severity of depression and its improvement during the course of therapy. Each item was evaluated and scored using either a 5-point scale of 0 (not present/absent) to 4 (very severe) or a 3-point scale of 0 (not present/absent) to 2 (marked). Higher scores indicate greater symptom severity. The total score was the sum of the scores from HAMD-17 Items 1 through 17 and ranged from 0 (not at all depressed) to 52 (severely depressed). Least Squares (LS) means were calculated using mixed model repeated measures (MMRM) adjusting for treatment, investigator, visit, baseline score, treatment-by-visit, and baseline score-by-visit.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline to Week 8 in Maier-Philipp Subscale of the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD-17) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 8 ]
    The HAMD-17 is a 17-item assessment used to assess the severity of depression and its improvement during the course of therapy. Each item was evaluated and scored using either a 5-point scale of 0 (not present/absent) to 4 (very severe) or a 3-point scale of 0 (not present/absent) to 2 (marked). Higher scores indicate greater symptom severity. The Maier-Phillip subscale of the HAMD-17 represents the 6 "core" symptoms of depression (items: 1=depressed mood, 2=feelings of guilt, 7=work and activities, 8=retardation, 9=agitation, 10=anxiety/psychic). The subscale scores range from 0 (normal) to 24 (severe). Least Squares (LS) means were calculated using mixed model repeated measures (MMRM) adjusting for treatment, investigator, visit, baseline score, treatment-by-visit, and baseline score-by-visit.

  2. Response and Remission Rates [ Time Frame: Baseline, up to Week 8 ]
    A participant meets response criteria if there is at least a 50% reduction in the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD-17) total score from baseline to the last observation carried forward (LOCF) endpoint visit. A participant meets remission criteria if the HAMD-17 total score is less than or equal to 7 at the LOCF endpoint visit. The percent of participants meeting criteria is summarized. HAMD-17 is a 17-item assessment used to assess the severity of depression and its improvement during the course of therapy. Each item was evaluated and scored using either a 5-point scale of 0 (not present/absent) to 4 (very severe) or a 3-point scale of 0 (not present/absent) to 2 (marked). Higher scores indicate greater symptom severity. The total score was the sum of the scores from HAMD-17 Items 1 through 17 and ranged from 0 (not at all depressed) to 52 (severely depressed).

  3. Clinical Global Impression of Improvement Score at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]
    The Clinical Global Impression of Improvement (CGI-I) scale measures the clinician's perception of participant improvement at the time of assessment compared with the start of treatment. Scores range from 1 (very much improved) to 7 (very much worse). Least Squares (LS) means were calculated using mixed model repeated measures (MMRM) adjusting for treatment, investigator, visit, and treatment-by-visit.

  4. Change From Baseline in Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA) Total Score up to Week 8 Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, up to Week 8 ]
    The HAMA is a 14-item assessment used to assess the severity of anxiety. The investigator talked to the participant about the symptoms he or she experienced during the previous week. Each item was scored using a 5-point scale (0=not present to 4=very severe). The total score of HAMA ranged from 0 (normal) to 56 (severe). Least Squares (LS) means were adjusted for treatment, investigator, and baseline score.

  5. Change From Baseline on the 36-item Short-Form (SF-36) Health Status Survey Mental and Physical Components up to Week 8 Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, up to Week 8 ]
    The SF-36 Health Status Survey is a generic, health-related scale assessing a participant's quality of life on 8 domains: general health (GH), physical functioning (PF), role-physical, role-emotional, social functioning, bodily pain, vitality, and mental health. Each domain is scored by summing the individual items (GH [range: 5-25]; PF [range: 10-30]; role-physical [range: 4-8]; role-emotional [range: 3-6]; social functioning [range: 2-10]; bodily pain [range: 2-11]; vitality [range: 4-24]; mental health [range: 5-30]) and transforming the scores into a 0 to 100 scale, with higher scores indicating better health status or functioning. Two summary scores (mental component and physical component scores) were constructed based on the 8 SF-36 domains. Mental component summary and physical component summary scores range from 0 to 100 (higher scores indicate better health status).

  6. Change From Baseline in Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology Total Score up to Week 8 Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, up to Week 8 ]
    The Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology is a 16-item participant-rated measure of depressive symptomatology. There were 4 possible answers per question that are specific to the question; each question (Q) was scored 0 (no problems) to 3 (increased symptoms). The total score was the sum of the highest number from Q1-4, number from Q5, highest number from Q6-9, total for Q10-14, and the highest number from Q15-16. The total score ranges from 0 to 27 with higher scores indicative of greater severity of depression. Least Squares (LS) means were adjusted for treatment, investigator, and baseline score.

  7. Change From Baseline in Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation up to Week 8 Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, up to Week 8 ]
    Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSI) is a 21-item participant-completed questionnaire designed to assess severity of suicidal ideation in adults and adolescents. The BSI total score is calculated as the sum of the responses (rated from 0 to 2 in terms of severity) to the first 19 items of the BSI scale. The BSI total score ranges from 0 to 38, with a higher score indicating a higher degree of suicide ideation.

  8. Change From Baseline in Modified Overt Aggression (OAS-M) Scale up to Week 8 Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, up to Week 8 ]
    OAS-M is a clinician-administered semistructured interview designed to assess various manifestations of aggressive behavior. Final scores are rated on 3 scales: Aggression (Agg), Irritability (Irrt), Suicidality (Suic). Agg scale has 4 subscales: Verbal Assault (Aslt), Aslt Against Objects, Aslt Against Others, Aslt Against Self; each item is scored 0-5, multiplied by the frequency of the behavior, then summed together. Agg total score is the weighted sum of the subscale scores (weights: 1=Verbal Aslt, 2=Aslt Against Objects, 3=Aslt Against Others, 4=Aslt Against Self). The Irrt scale has 2 subscales: Global Irrt, Subjective Irrt. Suic scale has 3 subscales: Suicidal Tendencies, Intent of Attempt, Lethality of Attempt. The 2 Irrt and 3 Suic subscales are rated on 6 or 7 point scales from 0=none/not at all to 6/7=very extreme. The total score ranges from 0-10 for the Irrt scale and 0-16 on the Suic scale. Least Squares means were adjusted for treatment, investigator, and baseline s

  9. Change From Baseline in Arizona Sexual Experiences Scale up to Week 8 Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, up to Week 8 ]
    The Arizona Sexual Experiences Scale (ASEX) is used to assess sexual functioning in both males and females. The ASEX total score for the male and female version is calculated as the sum of the responses (rated from 1 [extremely] to 6 [no/never]) to the 5 items of the ASEX scale. Total scores ranged from 5 to 30 with higher scores indicating greater sexual dysfunction.

  10. Change From Baseline in Insomnia Severity Index up to Week 8 Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, up to Week 8 ]
    The Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) is a brief self-report instrument measuring the participant's perception of his or her insomnia. The ISI score is calculated as the sum of the responses to the 7 items of the ISI scale. Each item is rated on a 0 to 4 scale and the total score ranges from 0 to 28 with a higher score suggesting more severe insomnia.

  11. Change From Baseline to Week 8 in Fatigue Severity Scale [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 8 ]
    Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) is a 9-item measure of fatigue severity. Each item is scored by the participant on a scale of 1 ("Disagree") to 7 ("Agree"), with a higher score indicating a stronger agreement with the item statement regarding the participant's fatigue symptoms. The FSS total score ranges from 1 to 7, and is obtained by averaging the responses to the 9 items. Least Squares (LS) means were calculated using mixed model repeated measures (MMRM) adjusting for treatment, investigator, visit, baseline score, treatment-by-visit, and baseline score-by-visit.

  12. Pharmacokinetics: Predicted Maximal Concentration of LY2216684 at Steady State (Cmax,ss) at Week 8 Endpoint [ Time Frame: Up to 8 weeks ]
    Predicted maximal LY2216684 plasma concentrations at steady state (Cmax,ss) are reported, using the dose at the last visit in the study for participants included in the primary efficacy analysis.

  13. Number of Participants With at Least 1 Serious Adverse Event (Safety and Tolerability) [ Time Frame: Baseline through Week 8 ]
    The number of participants with at least one serious adverse event, regardless of causality is reported cumulatively through Week 8. A summary of serious and other non-serious adverse events regardless of causality is located in the Reported Adverse Event module.

  14. Change From Baseline to Week 8 in the 21-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-21) Total Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 8 ]
    The HAMD-21 is a 21-item assessment used to measure depression severity. Items were rated on a scale from 0 (symptoms not present) to a maximum of 2 to 4 (symptom extremely severe) for a total score ranging from 0 (not at all depressed) to 60 (severely depressed). Least Squares (LS) means were calculated using mixed model repeated measures (MMRM) adjusting for treatment, investigator, visit, baseline score, treatment-by-visit, and baseline score-by-visit.

  15. Cognitive Assessment Battery: Change From Baseline in Word List Learning and Delayed Recall Test (WLDRT) up to Week 8 Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, up to week 8 ]
    The WLDRT is a test of visual learning and recall. Participants are shown a series of words (commonly used nouns) and asked to say each of the words aloud, then are asked to recall the words and the total number of correct words recalled is recorded (possible score ranged from 0 to 15 words). The process is repeated 3 times. The Word List Learning Test score is calculated as the average number of words recalled during the first 3 trials. After a 30-minute delay, participants are again asked to recall the words, and the total number of correct words remembered after the delay is recorded as the Delayed Recall Test score. The baseline value was the last non-missing value before the first randomized double-blind study drug administration. Least Squares (LS) means were adjusted for treatment, investigator, and baseline score.

  16. Cognitive Assessment Battery: Change From Baseline in Symbol Digit Substitution Test (SDST) up to Week 8 Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, up to Week 8 ]
    The SDST is an attention-demanding psychomotor component based on the Digit Symbol Substitution Test from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale. The participant is given a symbol/digit code in which each of the digits 1 through 9 is paired with a different symbol. Below the code, a series of symbols selected from those in the code are presented in an irregular order. The participant is instructed to write the number that is appropriate for each symbol in the space below each symbol and to complete as many correct digits as possible within a 90-second test period. For this test, the number of attempts and number of correct digits is collected. The percentage of correct digits is presented based on the number of correct digits divided by the number of attempts, multiplied by 100 (score ranged from 0 to 100% correct). Least squares (LS) means were adjusted for treatment, investigator, and baseline score.

  17. Cognitive Assessment Battery: Change From Baseline in Two Digit Cancellation Test up to Week 8 Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, up to Week 8 ]
    The Two Digit Cancellation Test (2DCT) is a clinical adaptation of the visual search tasks that have been used to investigate cognitive processes involved in attention and visual information processing. For this test, the participant is presented with a piece of paper containing rows of digits. At the top of the page are two target digits. The participant is instructed to examine each row of digits working from top to bottom and left to right crossing off each number that matches either of the two numbers at the top of the page. The number of targets hit, number of errors, and number of times the participant had to be reminded of the task are recorded for the 45-second test. The 2DCT composite cognitive score is calculated as the number of targets hit - number of errors - number of reminders. 2DCT score ranges 0-40 with higher score indicating better cognition. Least squares (LS) means were adjusted for treatment, investigator, and baseline score.

  18. Cognitive Assessment Battery: Change From Baseline in Trail Making A up to Week 8 Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, up to Week 8 ]
    Trail Making A is a neurocognitive test associated with general brain function. While being timed, the participant is instructed to connect 25 randomly placed circled numbers on a page in numerical sequence without lifting their pencil. If a participant makes a mistake, the mistake is pointed out and the participant must start again from the last correct circle. The total time to complete the task (up to 300 seconds, with a lower value indicating better brain function) is recorded. Least squares (LS) means were adjusted for treatment, investigator, and baseline score.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Meet criteria for major depressive disorder (MDD) without psychotic features.
  • Have education level and a degree of understanding such that the participant can communicate with the site study personnel.
  • Judged to be reliable and agree to keep all appointments for clinic visits, tests, and procedures, including venipuncture, and examinations required by the protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Have had any additional, ongoing psychiatric condition other than major depression or dysthymia that was considered the primary diagnosis within 6 months of the first study visit.
  • Have a lifetime history of Bipolar I or II Disorder, psychotic disorder, or a factitious disorder.
  • Are judged to be at high risk for imminently harming themselves or others.
  • Have a serious medical illness, including any cardiovascular, hepatic, respiratory, hematologic, endocrinologic, neurologic disease, or clinically significant laboratory or electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormality. Clinically significant lab abnormalities are those which, in the judgment of the investigator, indicate a serious medical problem or require intervention.
  • Have any diagnosed medical condition which could be exacerbated by treatment with LY2216684, including hypertension, increased heart rate, arrhythmias, heart disease, narrow angle glaucoma, or urinary hesitancy.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00420004


Locations
United States, Florida
For additional information regarding investigative sites for this trial, contact 1-877-CTLILLY (1-877-285-4559, 1-317-615-4559) Mon - Fri from 9 AM to 5 PM Eastern Time (UTC/GMT - 5 hours, EST), or speak with your personal physician.
Orlando, Florida, United States, 32806
United States, Kansas
For additional information regarding investigative sites for this trial, contact 1-877-CTLILLY (1-877-285-4559, 1-317-615-4559) Mon - Fri from 9 AM to 5 PM Eastern Time (UTC/GMT - 5 hours, EST), or speak with your personal physician.
Prairie Village, Kansas, United States, 66206
United States, Pennsylvania
For additional information regarding investigative sites for this trial, contact 1-877-CTLILLY (1-877-285-4559, 1-317-615-4559) Mon - Fri from 9 AM to 5 PM Eastern Time (UTC/GMT - 5 hours, EST), or speak with your personal physician.
Allentown, Pennsylvania, United States, 18104
For additional information regarding investigative sites for this trial, contact 1-877-CTLILLY (1-877-285-4559, 1-317-615-4559) Mon - Fri from 9 AM to 5 PM Eastern Time (UTC/GMT - 5 hours, EST), or speak with your personal physician.
Media, Pennsylvania, United States, 19063
Romania
For additional information regarding investigative sites for this trial, contact 1-877-CTLILLY (1-877-285-4559, 1-317-615-4559) Mon - Fri from 9 AM to 5 PM Eastern Time (UTC/GMT - 5 hours, EST), or speak with your personal physician.
Bucharest, Romania, 73120
For additional information regarding investigative sites for this trial, contact 1-877-CTLILLY (1-877-285-4559, 1-317-615-4559) Mon - Fri from 9 AM to 5 PM Eastern Time (UTC/GMT - 5 hours, EST), or speak with your personal physician.
Cluj-Napoca, Romania
For additional information regarding investigative sites for this trial, contact 1-877-CTLILLY (1-877-285-4559, 1-317-615-4559) Mon - Fri from 9 AM to 5 PM Eastern Time (UTC/GMT - 5 hours, EST), or speak with your personal physician.
Lasi, Romania, 6600
Sponsors and Collaborators
Eli Lilly and Company
Investigators
Study Director: Call 1-877-CTLILLY (1-877-285-4559) or 1-317-615-4559 Mon - Fri 9 AM - 5 PM Eastern time (UTC/GMT - 5 hours, EST) Eli Lilly and Company

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Eli Lilly and Company
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00420004     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 11174
H9P-MC-LNBD ( Other Identifier: Eli Lilly and Company )
First Posted: January 9, 2007    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 27, 2018
Last Update Posted: April 27, 2018
Last Verified: March 2018

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Depression
Depressive Disorder
Depressive Disorder, Major
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Citalopram
Dexetimide
Phenylethyl Alcohol
Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neurotransmitter Agents
Serotonin Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation
Antidepressive Agents
Psychotropic Drugs
Antiparkinson Agents
Anti-Dyskinesia Agents
Parasympatholytics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Muscarinic Antagonists
Cholinergic Antagonists
Cholinergic Agents
Anti-Infective Agents, Local
Anti-Infective Agents
Disinfectants