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Bronchiectasis and Long Term Azithromycin Treatment (BAT)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00415350
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 22, 2006
Last Update Posted : May 28, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
W.G.Boersma, Medical Center Alkmaar

Brief Summary:


Rationale: Patients with bronchiectasis often experience lower respiratory tract infections with progression of symptoms and decline in quality of life. Macrolides, as has been shown in panbronchiolitis and cystic fibrosis, may break or weaken the link between infection and inflammation resulting in an improvement of symptoms. Also the number of exacerbations may lowered.

Objective: A reduction in number of infective exacerbations and improvement in lung function by AZT treatment are the primary objectives. Secondary objectives that will be evaluated are: symptoms score, quality of life, inflammatory parameters, bacterial colonisation, and adverse events.

Study design: Randomised double blind multicenter study in the Netherlands. Patients will be stratified for colonisation with P.aeruginosa.

Study population: Patients with bronchiectasis demonstrated by high-resolution computed tomography (HR-CT) scan or bronchography.

Intervention: Patients receive Azithromycin 250mg(p.o.) once daily or placebo.

Main study parameters/endpoints: Reduction in number exacerbations, defined as increase symptoms such as dyspnoea, coughing, and sputum production for which a course of prednisolone and/or antibiotic is needed. Change in lung function parameters (forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1], forced vital capacity [FVC]) measured by spirometry is the other primary endpoint.

Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness: The risk of participating in this study is low. Laboratory, radiographic examinations, and pulmonary function tests are commonly used as diagnostic procedures during outpatients visits and during exacerbations. Adverse effects in maintenance treatment with AZT are usually mild and mainly gastrointestinal. Sometimes rash and abnormal liver function tests are observed. A better quality of life will probably be the beneficial effect of long term treatment with AZT. This will be achieved by a reduction in respiratory and non-respiratory symptoms and number of exacerbations.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Bronchiectasis Inflammation Drug: Azithromycin Other: Placebo Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 72 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Bronchiectasis and Long Term Azithromycin Treatment: A Randomised Placebo-controlled Trial Studying Disease Modifying Effects of Immunomodulating Treatment
Actual Study Start Date : April 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Azithromycin treatment 1 Drug: Azithromycin
Azithromycin Tablet 250 mg daily

Placebo Comparator: Placebo 2 Other: Placebo
Placebo tablet 1 daily

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Does prolonged antibiotic treatment with AZM reduce the number of bacterial exacerbations in patients with bronchiectasis? [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
  2. Does treatment with AZM increase lung function parameters (Δ FEV1, Δ FVC )? [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Is there any improvement in symptom score during treatment with AZM? [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
  2. What is the effect of AZM on bacterial colonisation? [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
  3. Does treatment with AZM reduce inflammatory parameters? [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
  4. Does treatment with AZM change the quality of life? [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
  5. Is there any differences in adverse events between AZM and placebo treatment? [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients aged 18 ≥ years
  • Bronchiectasis diagnosed by plain bronchography or high resolution computer tomography.
  • Minimal 3 lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) treated with oral/intravenous (IV) antibiotics in the year preceding the study inclusion.
  • The presence of chronic respiratory symptoms such as cough, dyspnoea, expectoration of sputum.
  • At least one positive sputum culture in the preceding year.
  • Informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous ( ≥ 4 weeks) prolonged macrolide therapy.
  • Pregnant or lactating women.
  • Allergy to macrolides.
  • Intolerance to macrolides.
  • Liver disease (alanine transaminase and/or aspartate transaminase levels 2 or more times the upper limit of normal).
  • Use of antibiotics within 14 days of screening.
  • Use of oral or IV corticosteroids (≥ 30 mg prednisolone/daily) within 30 days of screening.
  • Other research medication started 2 months prior to inclusion.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00415350

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Alkmaar Medical Center
Alkmaar, N-H, Netherlands, 1800AM
Amsterdam, Netherlands
St Lucas Andreas Ziekenhuis
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Rode Kruis Ziekenhuis
Beverwijk, Netherlands
Deventer Ziekenhuis
Deventer, Netherlands
U.L.C. Dekkerswald
Groesbeek, Netherlands
University Hospital Groningen (UMCG)
Groningen, Netherlands
Atrium Medisch Centrum
Heerlen, Netherlands
Tergooi Ziekenhuizen
Hilversum, Netherlands
Spaarne Ziekenhuis
Hoofddorp, Netherlands
MC Leeuwarden
Leeuwarden, Netherlands
Antonius Ziekenhuis
Nieuwegein, Netherlands
Erasmus Medical Center
Rotterdam, Netherlands
Utrecht, Netherlands
Viecuri MC
Venlo, Netherlands
Isala Klinieken
Zwolle, Netherlands
Sponsors and Collaborators
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Study Director: W.G. Boersma, MD,PHD Medical Center Alkmaar, dep. Pulmomary Diseases
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: W.G.Boersma, Doctor, MD, Medical Center Alkmaar Identifier: NCT00415350    
Other Study ID Numbers: BAT-2006-MCA1
First Posted: December 22, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 28, 2020
Last Verified: May 2020
Keywords provided by W.G.Boersma, Medical Center Alkmaar:
Antibiotic prophylaxis
Lung function
Bacterial colonization
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pathologic Processes
Bronchial Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents