Thymoglobulin (ATG) Dose Finding Study

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00409695
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Lack of Accrual)
First Posted : December 11, 2006
Last Update Posted : January 23, 2012
Genzyme, a Sanofi Company
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

Primary Objective:

  • To determine the response and toxicity rate at day 56 of two different dose levels of thymoglobulin (ATG) [anti-thymocyte globulin (rabbit)] as a treatment of steroid-refractory acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD).

Secondary Objectives:

  • To evaluate the response rate at day 28.
  • To evaluate the overall survival and non-relapse mortality at 6 months.
  • To determine the toxicity profile of thymoglobulin when used for the treatment of steroid-refractory aGVHD in each of two dose schedules.
  • To characterize the pharmacokinetic profile of thymoglobulin in each of two dose schedules.
  • To analyze biomarkers of cellular drug effect by quantifying T-cell apoptosis in aims of finding the minimal effective dose.
  • To determine immune-reconstitution after administration of thymoglobulin to patients with steroid-refractory aGVHD for each dose schedule.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Graft vs Host Disease Drug: Low Dose Thymoglobulin (ATG) Drug: High Dose Thymoglobulin (ATG) Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

GvHD is a common side effect of a stem cell transplant. It is caused by a type of white blood cell (a lymphocyte). ATG is designed to kill lymphocytes and is commonly used to help prevent or treat GvHD and to treat steroid-refractory aGvHD.

Before you can start treatment on this study, you will have "screening tests." These tests will help the doctor decide if you are eligible to take part in this study. You will be asked questions about your medical history. You will have a complete physical exam. You will have blood drawn (about 2 tablespoons) for routine tests and to check for any viral infections. Women who are able to have children must have a negative blood (about 1 teaspoon) or urine pregnancy test. You will also have a biopsy of the site that is suspected to be affected by aGvHD. The study doctor will describe the type of biopsy procedure you will have, which will depend on the part of the body that is affected by the disease. If you had an earlier biopsy performed that confirmed aGvHD, you will not need a biopsy repeated for this study.

If you are found to be eligible to participate in this study, you will be randomly assigned (as in the toss of a coin) to 1 of 2 groups. Participants in Group 1 will receive a higher dose of ATG by vein. Participants in Group 2 will receive a lower dose of ATG by vein. You will have an equal chance of being in 1 of the 2 groups. Participants in both groups will receive doses of ATG over 4-6 hours, 1 time a day every other day for a total of 3 doses.

During this study, you will be able to remain on steroids and any other drugs you may be receiving for treatment of aGvHD (such as tacrolimus or cyclosporine). You will also have blood drawn (about 1 teaspoon) to learn the effect of ATG on the lymphocytes.

You will be taken off this study, if the disease is stable as determined by the study doctor, if the disease gets worse, or you experience any intolerable side effects. If you are taken off this study, your study doctor will discuss other treatment options with you.

After you finish receiving the study medication, you will come to the clinic at regularly scheduled follow-up visits. At first, you will be seen in the clinic once a week for 1 month. You will also have additional blood drawn (about 2 teaspoons) for biomarker testing (testing that looks at how the drug is working in your body). After the first month of follow-up visits, you will come in for visits every other week while you are on this study, which will continue until you have at least 2 consecutive (back to back) evaluations of the disease status to see if the disease is stable.

This is an investigational study. ATG is FDA approved and commercially available. You and/or your insurance provider will be financially responsible for the cost of ATG while you are on this study. Up to 40 patients will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at M.D. Anderson.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Dose Finding Study of Thymoglobulin (ATG) in Patients With Steroid-Refractory Acute Graft Versus Host Disease (aGVHD)
Study Start Date : December 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2007

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: High Dose Thymoglobulin (ATG)
High Dose Thymoglobulin (ATG): 1.25mg/kg by vein every other day for 3 doses (total dose = 3.75mg/kg)
Drug: High Dose Thymoglobulin (ATG)
1.25mg/kg by vein every other day for 3 doses (total dose = 3.75mg/kg)
Other Names:
  • ATG
  • Antithymocyte Globulin

Experimental: Low Dose Thymoglobulin (ATG)
Low Dose Thymoglobulin (ATG): 2.5 mg /kg by vein every other day for 3 doses (total dose = 7.5 mg/ kg).
Drug: Low Dose Thymoglobulin (ATG)
2.5 mg /kg by vein every other day for 3 doses (total dose = 7.5 mg/ kg).
Other Names:
  • ATG
  • Antithymocyte Globulin

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response Rate [ Time Frame: Day 56 ]
    Response assessed at day 56, and a complete response or partial response considered a success. A toxic event defined as a life threatening infection, any death due to infection, or any death considered to be directly related to the administration of ATG.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients who underwent their first allogeneic transplant for any malignancy and with any cell (bone marrow, peripheral stem cell, cord blood) or donor (matched or mismatched related or unrelated) source.
  2. Biopsy-proven, grade II-IV aGVHD following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) of any source (bone marrow, peripheral blood or cord blood stem cells). Enrollment may be started prior to results of biopsy in cases of high clinical suspicion for aGVHD.
  3. Early steroid-refractory aGVHD. This is defined as any NR or PD after a minimum of 3 days and not more than 1 week of 1 mg/kg/day of methylprednisolone.
  4. Ability to sign informed consent.
  5. Ability to return for clinical follow-up as specified in the protocol.
  6. Inability to taper as defined by patients on < or = 1 mg/kg/day of methylprednisolone but unable to further taper without resultant increase of acute GVHD stage.
  7. Patients with a reflare of a GVHD defined as worsening of 1 stage of acute GVHD in a patient who initially responded.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Relapsed malignancy.
  2. Acute GVHD as a result of a second or subsequent transplant or donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI).
  3. Active, uncontrolled infection.
  4. Patients who have received any second-line of immunosuppressive treatment for GVHD beyond corticosteroids and calcineurin inhibitors. Topical steroids, oral budesonide and extracorporeal photochemotherapy started at the time of steroids are allowed.
  5. Life-threatening infusion reaction or hypersensitivity to any formulation of ATG in the past.
  6. Patients who are pregnant or are breast feeding.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00409695

United States, Texas
U.T. M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Genzyme, a Sanofi Company
Principal Investigator: Amin M. Alousi, MD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00409695     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2006-0370
First Posted: December 11, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 23, 2012
Last Verified: January 2012

Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
Acute Graft versus Host Disease
Blood And Marrow Transplantation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Graft vs Host Disease
Immune System Diseases
Antilymphocyte Serum
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Immunosuppressive Agents