Thymoglobulin (ATG) Dose Finding Study
- To determine the response and toxicity rate at day 56 of two different dose levels of thymoglobulin (ATG) [anti-thymocyte globulin (rabbit)] as a treatment of steroid-refractory acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD).
- To evaluate the response rate at day 28.
- To evaluate the overall survival and non-relapse mortality at 6 months.
- To determine the toxicity profile of thymoglobulin when used for the treatment of steroid-refractory aGVHD in each of two dose schedules.
- To characterize the pharmacokinetic profile of thymoglobulin in each of two dose schedules.
- To analyze biomarkers of cellular drug effect by quantifying T-cell apoptosis in aims of finding the minimal effective dose.
- To determine immune-reconstitution after administration of thymoglobulin to patients with steroid-refractory aGVHD for each dose schedule.
|Graft vs Host Disease||Drug: Low Dose Thymoglobulin (ATG) Drug: High Dose Thymoglobulin (ATG)||Phase 1 Phase 2|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Dose Finding Study of Thymoglobulin (ATG) in Patients With Steroid-Refractory Acute Graft Versus Host Disease (aGVHD)|
- Response Rate [ Time Frame: Day 56 ]Response assessed at day 56, and a complete response or partial response considered a success. A toxic event defined as a life threatening infection, any death due to infection, or any death considered to be directly related to the administration of ATG.
|Study Start Date:||December 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||August 2007|
|Primary Completion Date:||August 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: High Dose Thymoglobulin (ATG)
High Dose Thymoglobulin (ATG): 1.25mg/kg by vein every other day for 3 doses (total dose = 3.75mg/kg)
Drug: High Dose Thymoglobulin (ATG)
1.25mg/kg by vein every other day for 3 doses (total dose = 3.75mg/kg)
Experimental: Low Dose Thymoglobulin (ATG)
Low Dose Thymoglobulin (ATG): 2.5 mg /kg by vein every other day for 3 doses (total dose = 7.5 mg/ kg).
Drug: Low Dose Thymoglobulin (ATG)
2.5 mg /kg by vein every other day for 3 doses (total dose = 7.5 mg/ kg).
GvHD is a common side effect of a stem cell transplant. It is caused by a type of white blood cell (a lymphocyte). ATG is designed to kill lymphocytes and is commonly used to help prevent or treat GvHD and to treat steroid-refractory aGvHD.
Before you can start treatment on this study, you will have "screening tests." These tests will help the doctor decide if you are eligible to take part in this study. You will be asked questions about your medical history. You will have a complete physical exam. You will have blood drawn (about 2 tablespoons) for routine tests and to check for any viral infections. Women who are able to have children must have a negative blood (about 1 teaspoon) or urine pregnancy test. You will also have a biopsy of the site that is suspected to be affected by aGvHD. The study doctor will describe the type of biopsy procedure you will have, which will depend on the part of the body that is affected by the disease. If you had an earlier biopsy performed that confirmed aGvHD, you will not need a biopsy repeated for this study.
If you are found to be eligible to participate in this study, you will be randomly assigned (as in the toss of a coin) to 1 of 2 groups. Participants in Group 1 will receive a higher dose of ATG by vein. Participants in Group 2 will receive a lower dose of ATG by vein. You will have an equal chance of being in 1 of the 2 groups. Participants in both groups will receive doses of ATG over 4-6 hours, 1 time a day every other day for a total of 3 doses.
During this study, you will be able to remain on steroids and any other drugs you may be receiving for treatment of aGvHD (such as tacrolimus or cyclosporine). You will also have blood drawn (about 1 teaspoon) to learn the effect of ATG on the lymphocytes.
You will be taken off this study, if the disease is stable as determined by the study doctor, if the disease gets worse, or you experience any intolerable side effects. If you are taken off this study, your study doctor will discuss other treatment options with you.
After you finish receiving the study medication, you will come to the clinic at regularly scheduled follow-up visits. At first, you will be seen in the clinic once a week for 1 month. You will also have additional blood drawn (about 2 teaspoons) for biomarker testing (testing that looks at how the drug is working in your body). After the first month of follow-up visits, you will come in for visits every other week while you are on this study, which will continue until you have at least 2 consecutive (back to back) evaluations of the disease status to see if the disease is stable.
This is an investigational study. ATG is FDA approved and commercially available. You and/or your insurance provider will be financially responsible for the cost of ATG while you are on this study. Up to 40 patients will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at M.D. Anderson.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00409695
|United States, Texas|
|U.T. M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||Amin M. Alousi, MD||M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|