Automatic External Defibrillation Monitoring in Cardiac Arrest
We propose to randomize automatic external cardioverter/defibrillators (AECD) in patients who are at high risk for life-threatening abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias) and are admitted to the telemetry ward, all other treatments being constant including cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
We hypothesize that the automatic, rapid, accurate and specific diagnostic and therapeutic technology used in AECDs will further increase the rate of survival in patients with cardiac arrest through rapid and automatic defibrillation, independent of operator initiation, as compared to standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation initiated by healthcare providers.
Death, Sudden, Cardiac
Device: Defibrillation of pulseless VT/VF by AECD
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Automatic External Defibrillation Monitoring in Cardiac Arrest|
- Number of Participants Without Defibrillation [ Time Frame: 10 minutes ]Time to defibrillation: interval between onset of VT/VF and delivery of first shock. Expected time to defibrillation for AECD group: 30±30 seconds; expected time to defibrillation for Standard of Care group: 180±180.
- Frequency of Abnormal Rhythms Monitored by the AECD [ Time Frame: During the duration of hospital admission on the telemetry ward. ]
- Survival to Discharge [ Time Frame: At discharge ]
- Cerebral Performance at Discharge [ Time Frame: At discharge ]
Cerebral Performance Categories/CPC scale:
CPC 1: Good cerebral performance - conscious, alert, able to work, might have mild neurologic or psychological deficit.
CPC 2: Moderate cerebral disability - conscious, sufficient cerebral function for independent activities of daily life. Able to work in sheltered environment.
CPC 3: Severe cerebral disability - conscious, dependent on others for daily support because of impaired brain function. Ranges from ambulatory state to severe dementia or paralysis.
CPC 4: Coma or vegetative state - any degree of coma without the presence of all brain death criteria. Unawareness, even if appears awake (vegetative state) without interaction with environment; may have spontaneous eye opening and sleep/awake cycles. Cerebral unresponsiveness.
CPC 5: Brain death - apnea, areflexia, electroencephalogram (EEG) silence, etc.
|Study Start Date:||October 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
No Intervention: Standard of Care Group
Patients will receive standard of care measures in case of cardiac arrest. They will not receive AECD monitoring or intervention
Experimental: AECD Monitoring + Standard of Care Group
Patients will receive AECD monitoring and intervention in addition to standard of care in case of cardiac arrest during admission to the hospital. Defibrillation of pulseless VT/VF by AECD.
Device: Defibrillation of pulseless VT/VF by AECD
In case of cardiac arrest caused by shockable rhythms the automatic external cardioverter defibrillator (AECD) will automatically deliver defibrillation. Automated External Cardioverter Defibrillator (AECD; The PowerHeart CRM, Cardiac Science Inc., Seattle, WA) is a device attached to the chest wall by pads, monitors the electrocardiogram, and is capable of automatically delivering electric countershock to appropriate rhythms without operator intervention. The device will deliver only one shock of 150 Joules for pulseless ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation.
Cardiac arrest (CA) is defined as the sudden cessation of effective cardiac pumping function as a result of either ventricular asystole (inactivity of the heart) or pulseless ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF). Pulseless ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation is an abnormal electrical activity of the ventricles of the heart. Rapid diagnosis and treatment are essential because first, more than a few minutes of total CA results in permanent damage to the brain due to lack of oxygen, and second, the success of resuscitative measures is related to the rapidity with which they are instituted following arrest. For a person in VT/VF the probability of successful defibrillation and subsequent survival to hospital discharge is directly and negatively related to the interval between onset of VT/VF and delivery of first shock.
Comparison: By using AECDs we will evaluate if an automatic, rapid, accurate and specific diagnostic technology will further increase the rate of survival in patients with VT/VF by rapid and automatic defibrillation, independent of operator initiation, as compared to standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with conventional defibrillators initiated by healthcare providers. This trial will be a randomized, controlled trial and will test if AECDs can improve outcome measures when compared to traditional responses.
Conventional defibrillators are manually operated defibrillators that have to be attached to the patient and operated by a healthcare provider or layperson. In contrast, the purpose of AECDs is to automatically detect life-threatening arrhythmias and deliver external shocks according to a programmable prescription for hospitalized patients, who may be at transient risk for the development of life-threatening arrhythmias. AECDs immediately and automatically monitor, detect and treat cardiac arrhythmias with no human intervention. The AECD proposed to be utilized in this trial, PowerHeart CRM, a product of Cardiac Science, Inc, has been evaluated in the hospital setting to assess safety and efficacy, and has been approved by the FDA to be prophylactically attached to hospital patients and provide automatic defibrillation therapy without human intervention.
All patients admitted to the telemetry unit will be asked to volunteer for this study. Up to 3,000 patients will be asked to volunteer in this study during their stay in the telemetry unit. This study will evaluate if there is a way to improve survival in CA by comparing two groups
Group 1: This group includes patients admitted to telemetry unit who will undergo standard measures of CPR in case cardiac arrest is suspected.
Group 2: This group includes patients admitted to telemetry unit who will have an AECD attached to the chest wall and who will also undergo standard measures of CPR in case of cardiac arrest.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00382928
|United States, Georgia|
|Atlanta Veterans Adminstration Medical Center|
|Decatur, Georgia, United States, 30033|
|Principal Investigator:||A. Maziar Zafari, M.D., Ph.D||Division of Cardiology, Atlanta Veterans Adminstration Medical Center/ Emory University, Decatur, GA|