Partnership Programs to Reduce Cardiovascular Disparities- Morehouse- Emory Partnership (Meta-Health)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00336869
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 14, 2006
Last Update Posted : November 18, 2013
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Morehouse School of Medicine
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Arshed A. Quyyumi, Emory University

Brief Summary:
The theme of this Morehouse-Emory Partnership Program focuses on elucidating the etiologic basis of ethnic differences in obesity-related CVD and discovering new intervention strategies to ameliorate CV health in all communities. The proposed Program uses a multi-disciplinary strategy to systematically characterize ethnic differences in obesity-related CVD by drawing upon the fields of physiology, psychology, biochemistry, vascular biology, public health, nursing and clinical medicine.

Condition or disease
Metabolic Syndrome

Detailed Description:

Emerging evidence indicates that there are ethnicity-specific differences in the profile of biochemical, metabolic and physiological perturbations associated with obesity. The implications of these ethnic differences remain to be further defined. Several epidemiologic studies have shown that vascular disease and its cardiovascular complications, carry significantly higher morbidity and mortality in African Americans compared with Caucasians.1-3 These observations may be partly explained by a higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors, such as essential hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and tobacco use among African Americans.4-6 However, the pathophysiological processes underlying this racial predisposition have not been fully elucidated.7 It is likely that the etiologic basis of ethnic disparities in cardiovascular disease is multi-factorial and involves dynamic gene-environment interactions in which variances in behavior and the social context are critical determinants.

The proposed Program recognizes the importance of incorporating both biological factors and social determinants in the analysis of cardiovascular disparities

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 680 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Partnership Programs to Reduce Cardiovascular Disparities- Morehouse- Emory Partnership
Study Start Date : December 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples Without DNA
Blood samples metabolic testing

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   30 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
African American and White residents age 30-65

Inclusion Criteria:

Our methodological approach will involve a random digit-dialing cross-sectional survey of 4000 Metro Atlanta area AA and white residents (ages 30-65 years). This aim will focus on using well-validated survey instruments to examine self-reported perceptions of psychosocial stress, neighborhood segregation factors and health beliefs related to weight/weight control. These parameters will be assessed in relation to the differential prevalence of three major outcomes: (1) self-reported maladaptive cardiovascular behaviors that predispose to obesity-related CVD (ie high fat/sodium and low fruit/vegetables dietary intake and physical inactivity); (2) obesity; and (3) hypertension.

This study will address the following research questions: Are the observed racial differences in maladaptive health behaviors (diet/inactivity) and MetS components (obesity, hypertension) associated with: a) perceived psychosocial stress, and if so, does depression, neighborhood factors or health beliefs around weight and weight control modify this relationship?

Exclusion Criteria:

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00336869

United States, Georgia
Morehouse CRC
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30310
Emory GCRC
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30329
Sponsors and Collaborators
Emory University
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Morehouse School of Medicine
Principal Investigator: Arshed Quyyumi, MD Emory University
Principal Investigator: Gary Gibbons, MD Morehouse School of Medicine

Responsible Party: Arshed A. Quyyumi, Professor, Emory University Identifier: NCT00336869     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB00024856
1024-2004 ( Other Identifier: Other )
First Posted: June 14, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 18, 2013
Last Verified: November 2013

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Metabolic Syndrome X
Insulin Resistance
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases