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A Randomized, Prospective Study of the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of Two Doses of GW433908Ritonavir Given With Abacavir/Lamivudine Fixed Dose Combination

This study has been completed.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First Posted: June 9, 2006
Last Update Posted: May 15, 2013
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Duke University
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the antiretroviral efficacy, safety, and tolerability of fos-amprenavir boosted with either of two doses of ritonavir (RTV) when administered in combination with ABC/3TC (abacavir/lamivudine, Epzicom®) FDC (fixed dose combination) in a once-daily regimen over 96 weeks in ART-naïve, HIV-infected adults

Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Drug: fos-amprenavir calcium, ritonavir Drug: abacavir/lamivudine as Epzicom Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Prospective Study of the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of Two Doses of GW433908Ritonavir Given With Abacavir/Lamivudine Fixed Dose Combination

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Duke University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of subjects with plasma HIV 1 RNA <400 copies at week 48
  • Proportion of subjects who experience drug related discontinuations at Week 48

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of subjects who achieve plasma HIV 1 RNA<400 copies/mL at Weeks 24 and 96
  • Proportion of subjects who achieve plasma HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/mL at Weeks 24, 48, and 96.
  • Absolute values and change from baseline in plasma HIV-1 RNA and CD4+ cell counts at Weeks 24, 48, and 96.
  • Development and identification of genotypic resistance mutations and phenotypic resistance at virologic failure.
  • Incidence of Grades 2 to 4 AEs, treatment-limiting AEs, and serious adverse events (SAEs) over 24, 48, and 96 weeks.
  • Change from baseline in fat distribution as determined by percent change in body fat using whole body DEXA scans at Weeks 48, 72, and 96.
  • Change from baseline in subject's self-report of body fat distribution using the Body Image Questionnaire and the investigator's assessment of subject's body fat distribution using FRAM 2 PE (Grunfeld et al., 2003) at Weeks 48, 72, and 96.
  • Change from baseline in fasting lipids (total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, direct LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides), fasting glucose and insulin measurements at Weeks 12, 24, 48, and 96.
  • Measurements of plasma APV trough concentrations at Weeks 4, 8, 24, and 48
  • To assess relationships between plasma APV trough concentrations and outcomes, including safety, efficacy and the development of resistance.
  • Adherence to each treatment regimen using pill counts of unused study drugs and subject self-assessment adherence questionnaire.

Estimated Enrollment: 100
Study Start Date: March 2006
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2007
Primary Completion Date: December 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

The optimal long-term management of HIV-1 infection necessitates the chronic use of highly effective, well-tolerated antiretroviral (ARV) combination therapy, which ideally can preserve future treatment options. Current preferred standard treatment for HIV consists of a regimen composed of a protease inhibitor (PI) or a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) plus 2 nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs). A recent trend that may contribute to improving rates of treatment response is to use regimens with fewer pills and once daily dosing. This study is designed to assess two PI options that consist of four or five pills taken once daily - these options may also offer advantages in terms of metabolic consequences.

The primary objective of this multi-center, open-label, randomized, two-arm, pilot study is to evaluate the antiretroviral efficacy, safety, and tolerability (adverse events and metabolic profile) of fos-amprenavir (fAPV) boosted with either of two doses of ritonavir (RTV) when administered in combination with ABC/3TC (abacavir/lamivudine, Epzicom®) FDC (fixed dose combination) in a once-daily regimen over 48 weeks in ART-naïve, HIV-infected adults. Approximately 100 subjects will be enrolled from about 10 sites in the United States. Subjects must be >18 years of age, be ART-naïve (<7 days of prior therapy with any licensed or investigational ARV drugs) and have a plasma HIV-1 RNA>1,000 copies/mL. A CD4+ cell count >50 cells/mm3 was initially required for eligibility. Amendment 1 has dropped this as a requirement. Subjects will be stratified at entry according to their screening plasma HIV-1 RNA level (<100,000 copies/mL or >100,000 copies/mL). Eligible subjects will be randomized (1:1) to one of the following two treatment arms for 96 weeks; fAPV 1400 mg/RTV 100 mg QD plus ABC 600 mg/3TC 300 mg FDC QD (Treatment Arm A) or fAPV 1400 mg/RTV 200 mg QD plus ABC 600 mg/3TC 300 mg FDC QD (Treatment Arm B).


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • HIV-1 infection
  • Male or Female 18 years of age or older
  • Has plasma HIV-1 RNA (viral load) 1,000 or more copies/mL at screening
  • Subject is antiretroviral-naïve ( less than 7 days of prior therapy with any agent
  • Competency
  • Not pregnant and willing to use effective birth control if applicable.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Inability to comply due to pre-existing mental, physical, or substance abuse disorder or other reason.
  • Has active/acute CDC Clinical Category C event at screening.
  • Has history of inflammatory bowel disease, gastrointestinal malignancy, intestinal ischemia, malabsorption or other gastrointestinal dysfunction.
  • Females who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • Has a serious medical condition, such as diabetes, congestive heart failure, cardiomyopathy or other cardiac dysfunction, which in the opinion of the investigator would compromise the safety of the subject.
  • Has ongoing clinically relevant pancreatitis or clinically relevant hepatitis at screening.
  • Requires treatment with foscarnet, hydroxyurea or other agents with documented activity against HIV-1 in vitro within 28 days of study drug administration.
  • Has an acute laboratory abnormality at screening that, in the opinion of the investigator, should preclude the subject's participation in the study. Any Grade 4 laboratory result would exclude a subject from study participation.
  • Has required treatment with radiation therapy or cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agents within 28 days prior to screening, or has an anticipated need for such a treatment within the study period.
  • Requires treatment with immunomodulating agents (such as systemic corticosteroids, interleukins, vaccines, or interferons) within 28 days prior to screening or subject has received an HIV-1 immunotherapeutic vaccine within 90 days prior to screening.
  • Has a history of allergy to any of the study drugs or any excipients therein.
  • Is enrolled or plans to enroll in one or more investigational drug protocols, which may impact HIV RNA suppression.
  • Requiring treatment with pharmacological agents for diabetes, or elevated triglycerides/cholesterol.
  • Has an AST or ALT >5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN).
  • Has an estimated creatinine clearance <50 mL/min via the Cockcroft-Gault method
  • Subject requires treatment with any of the following medications within 28 days prior to study drug administration, or the anticipated need during the study: amiodarone, astemizole, bepridil, cisapride, dihydroergotamine, ergonovine, ergotamine, flecainide, halofantrine, lidocaine, lovastatin, methylergonovine, midazolam, pimozide, propafenone, quinidine, simvastatin, terfenadine, and triazolam, carbamazepine, dexamethasone, phenobarbital, phenytoin, primidone, rifampin, and St. John's Wort (hypericum perforatum)
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00335270

United States, Florida
University of Miami School of Medicine
Miami, Florida, United States, 33136
Sponsors and Collaborators
Duke University
Principal Investigator: Charles Hicks, MD Duke University
Principal Investigator: Rafael E Campo, MD University of Miami
Principal Investigator: Jason Flamm, MD Medicine 4
Principal Investigator: Jeffrey Lennox, MD Emory University
Principal Investigator: Rodger MacArthur, MD Wayne State University
Principal Investigator: Jeffrey P Nadler, MD Hillsborough County Health Department
Principal Investigator: John H. Schrank, MD Greenville Hospital System
Principal Investigator: Louis Sloan, MD North Texas Infectious Disease Consultants
Principal Investigator: Jeffrey Stephens, MD Mercer University School of Medicine
Principal Investigator: David A Wohl, MD University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
  More Information

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Carpenter CC, Cooper DA, Fischl MA, Gatell JM, Gazzard BG, Hammer SM, Hirsch MS, Jacobsen DM, Katzenstein DA, Montaner JS, Richman DD, Saag MS, Schechter M, Schooley RT, Thompson MA, Vella S, Yeni PG, Volberding PA. Antiretroviral therapy in adults: updated recommendations of the International AIDS Society-USA Panel. JAMA. 2000 Jan 19;283(3):381-90. Review.
Dubé MP, Sprecher D, Henry WK, Aberg JA, Torriani FJ, Hodis HN, Schouten J, Levin J, Myers G, Zackin R, Nevin T, Currier JS; Adult AIDS Clinical Trial Group Cardiovascular Disease Focus Group. Preliminary guidelines for the evaluation and management of dyslipidemia in adults infected with human immunodeficiency virus and receiving antiretroviral therapy: Recommendations of the Adult AIDS Clinical Trial Group Cardiovascular Disease Focus Group. Clin Infect Dis. 2000 Nov;31(5):1216-24. Epub 2000 Nov 7.
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McComsey GA, Ward DJ, Hessenthaler SM, Sension MG, Shalit P, Lonergan JT, Fisher RL, Williams VC, Hernandez JE; Trial to Assess the Regression of Hyperlactatemia and to Evaluate the Regression of Established Lipodystrophy in HIV-1-Positive Subjects (TARHEEL; ESS40010) Study Team. Improvement in lipoatrophy associated with highly active antiretroviral therapy in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients switched from stavudine to abacavir or zidovudine: the results of the TARHEEL study. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Jan 15;38(2):263-70. Epub 2003 Dec 18.
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Noble S, Goa KL. Amprenavir: a review of its clinical potential in patients with HIV infection. Drugs. 2000 Dec;60(6):1383-410. Review.
Rodriguez-French A, Boghossian J, Gray GE, Nadler JP, Quinones AR, Sepulveda GE, Millard JM, Wannamaker PG. The NEAT study: a 48-week open-label study to compare the antiviral efficacy and safety of GW433908 versus nelfinavir in antiretroviral therapy-naive HIV-1-infected patients. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2004 Jan 1;35(1):22-32.
Tsiodras S, Mantzoros C, Hammer S, Samore M. Effects of protease inhibitors on hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, and lipodystrophy: a 5-year cohort study. Arch Intern Med. 2000 Jul 10;160(13):2050-6.
Walli R, Herfort O, Michl GM, Demant T, Jäger H, Dieterle C, Bogner JR, Landgraf R, Goebel FD. Treatment with protease inhibitors associated with peripheral insulin resistance and impaired oral glucose tolerance in HIV-1-infected patients. AIDS. 1998 Oct 22;12(15):F167-73.

Responsible Party: Duke University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00335270     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 6692-05-12R1
First Submitted: June 7, 2006
First Posted: June 9, 2006
Last Update Posted: May 15, 2013
Last Verified: May 2013

Keywords provided by Duke University:
HIV Type 1

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Antibiotics, Antitubercular
Antitubercular Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents

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