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Use of "Smart Wheelchairs" to Provide Independent Mobility to Visual and Mobility Impairments

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00333762
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 6, 2006
Results First Posted : December 3, 2015
Last Update Posted : December 3, 2015
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
VA Office of Research and Development

Brief Summary:
The goal of this project is to evaluate the Smart Wheelchair Component System (SWCS) for power wheelchairs and the Smart Power Assistance Module (SPAM) for manual wheelchairs in realistic indoor environments with target users performing realistic tasks. We will combine group trials involving individuals who have a visual impairment (but do not have a mobility impairment) with several single-case studio involving individuals who have a visual and mobility impairment. Our long-term objective is to provide independent mobility to veterans with mobility and sensory impairments.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Blindness Spinal Cord Injury Device: Smart Power Assistance Module (SPAM) Device: Smart Wheelchair Component System (SWCS) Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

There are currently very few mobility options for veterans who have a mobility impairment and visual impairment, and this population will grow as the number of older veteran's increases. The goal of this project is to evaluate the Smart Wheelchair Component System (SWCS) for power wheelchairs and the Smart Power Assistance Module (SPAM) for manual wheelchairs in realistic indoor environments with target users performing realistic tasks. We will combine group trials involving individuals who have a visual impairment (and may or may not have a mobility impairment) with several single-case studies involving individuals who have a visual and mobility impairment.

The key questions that will be addresses by the proposed research are:

Can smart wheelchair technology improve performance on realistic navigation tasks for individuals with visual and mobility impairments?

Will smart wheelchair technology increase the amount of independent travel by individuals with visual and mobility impairments?

Will using a smart wheelchair for an extended period of time diminish a person's ability to operate a "traditional" wheeled mobility aid?


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 4 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Use of "Smart Wheelchairs" to Provide Independent Mobility to Visual and Mobility Impairments
Study Start Date : June 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2008

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: SPAM and SWCS
Smart Power Assistance Module (SPAM) Smart Wheelchair Component System (SWCS)
Device: Smart Power Assistance Module (SPAM)
Experimental Power wheelchair utilized to traverse prescribed course

Device: Smart Wheelchair Component System (SWCS)
Experimental power wheelchair utilized to traverse prescribed course




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to Complete Trial Wheelchair Course [ Time Frame: Two years ]
    Time to complete the course was recorded. The indoor course was set up in the research laboratory to include a straight path and 90 degree turns that included obstacles such as a cardboard box, a large orange cone, and a desk chair. The location of these obstacles were randomly placed in order to test whether or not the SPAM or SWCS was able to detect objects.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All participants will be completely blind
  • Participants will be able to operate a power wheelchair with joystick control
  • Participants will be able to push a manual wheelchair a minimum of 300 yards

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Mobility impairment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00333762


Locations
United States, Georgia
Atlanta VA Medical and Rehab Center, Decatur
Decatur, Georgia, United States, 30033
United States, Pennsylvania
VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System University Drive Division, Pittsburgh, PA
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15240
Sponsors and Collaborators
VA Office of Research and Development
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Richard Simpson, PhD VAPHS

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: VA Office of Research and Development
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00333762     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: B4065-X
First Posted: June 6, 2006    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 3, 2015
Last Update Posted: December 3, 2015
Last Verified: October 2015

Keywords provided by VA Office of Research and Development:
aging
blindness
wheelchairs
spinal cord injury

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Spinal Cord Injuries
Blindness
Spinal Cord Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Trauma, Nervous System
Wounds and Injuries
Vision Disorders
Sensation Disorders
Neurologic Manifestations
Eye Diseases
Signs and Symptoms