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Pharmacodynamic Effects of Sibutramine on Gastric Function in Obesity

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00330525
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 29, 2006
Last Update Posted : January 20, 2010
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Mayo Clinic

Brief Summary:

Control of food intake, size and frequency of meals are critical to the development of obesity. The stomach signals feelings of fullness after a meal and therefore plays a role in control of calorie intake. It is unclear whether the approved appetite reducing drug sibutramine changes the function of the stomach. Differences in the way individuals respond to treatment with the appetite suppressant sibutramine may also explain why some people lose weight while others do not.

This single center clinical study aims to compare functions of the stomach in healthy, overweight and obese individuals, and to evaluate the effects of the FDA-approved appetite suppressing medication sibutramine on weight loss and stomach functions in patients who are overweight or obese. The effect of individual differences in inherited genes on weight reduction with sibutramine will be tested.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Obesity Overweight Drug: sibutramine Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Background: Control of food intake, size and frequency of meals are critical to the development of obesity. The stomach signals satiation in response to calories and volume ingested, playing a role in control of calorie intake. It is unclear whether the approved appetite reducing drug sibutramine alters gastric physiology. Genetic variations are potentially key to inter-individual differences in responses to treatment with the appetite suppressant sibutramine.

Aims: 1. To compare gastric functions in healthy, overweight and obese individuals. 2. To evaluate effects of sibutramine on gastric functions and weight in patients who are overweight or obese. 3. To obtain preliminary data on the effect of genetic variation on responses to sibutramine.

Methods: We shall measure gastric emptying, fasting and postprandial gastric volumes (using validated, non-invasive imaging methods), postprandial satiation and satiety, and integrated plasma ghrelin, leptin, insulin, GLP-1 and peptide YY levels before and after 12 weeks of sibutramine 15mg vs. placebo. We shall also collect DNA, to eventually study effects of candidate genes on response to sibutramine.

Significance: Our study will provide the first evidence of the effects of sibutramine on gastric function.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 72 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pharmacodynamic Effects of Sibutramine on Gastric Function in Obesity
Study Start Date : January 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2006
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2006



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. T1/2 gastric emptying of solids and liquids
  2. Fasting whole gastric volume
  3. Maximum volume of Ensure ingested (satiety testing)
  4. weight loss in kg
  5. effect of candidate SNPs/gene deletions on response to sibutramine

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Ghrelin, leptin, insulin, GLP-1, and PYY levels integrated over the 8 hours after the meal.
  2. Aggregate symptom score 30 min after ingestion of Ensure
  3. Body fat
  4. Gastric residual at 2 and 4 hours; gastric emptying T10%, and parameters from power exponential analysis will also be described
  5. Caloric intake from a standard ad libitum meal


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Normal weight, overweight and obese subjects with BMI> 18 Kg/m2 residing in Olmsted County, MN: Otherwise healthy individuals who are not currently on treatment for cardiac, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, hepatic, renal, hematological, neurological, endocrine (other than hyperglycemia not requiring medical therapy) and unstable psychiatric disease.
  2. Age: 18-65 years
  3. Gender: Men or women. Women of childbearing potential will have negative pregnancy test within 48 h of enrollment and before each radiation exposure.

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Weight exceeding 300 pounds or 137 kilograms (due to limitations regarding SPECT imaging studies).
  2. Abdominal surgery other than appendectomy, Caesarian section or tubal ligation.
  3. Positive history of chronic gastrointestinal diseases, systemic disease that could affect gastrointestinal motility or use of medications that may alter gastrointestinal motility, appetite or absorption e.g., orlistat (Xenical).
  4. Significant psychiatric dysfunction based upon screening with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale [HADS] self-administered alcoholism screening test (substance abuse) and the questionnaire on eating and weight patterns (binge eating disorders and bulimia). If such a dysfunction is identified by a HADS score >8 or difficulties with substance or eating disorders, the participant will be excluded and given a referral letter to his/her primary care doctor for further appraisal and follow-up.
  5. Intake of medication, whether prescribed or OTC medication (except multivitamins) within 7 days of the study. Exceptions are birth control pill, estrogen replacement therapy, and thyroxine replacement.
  6. Concomitant use of MAOI inhibitors and other centrally acting appetite suppressants (since this would make them ineligible for sibutramine treatment).
  7. Hypersensitivity to sibutramine (since this would make them ineligible for sibutramine treatment).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00330525


Locations
United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mayo Clinic
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Michael Camilleri, M.D. Mayo Clinic

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00330525     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1723-04
First Posted: May 29, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 20, 2010
Last Verified: January 2010

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Obesity
Overweight
Overnutrition
Nutrition Disorders
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms
Sibutramine
Antidepressive Agents
Psychotropic Drugs
Appetite Depressants
Anti-Obesity Agents