Azacitidine With or Without Entinostat in Treating Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia, or Acute Myeloid Leukemia

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00313586
First received: April 11, 2006
Last updated: September 1, 2015
Last verified: July 2015
  Purpose

This randomized phase II trial studies azacitidine with or without entinostat to see how well they work compared to azacitidine alone in treating patients with myelodysplastic syndromes, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, or acute myeloid leukemia. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as azacitidine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Entinostat may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving azacitidine together with entinostat may work better in treating patients with myelodysplastic syndromes, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, or acute myeloid leukemia.


Condition Intervention Phase
Acute Myeloid Leukemia Arising From Previous Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13.1q22); CBFB-MYH11
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13.1;q22); CBFB-MYH11
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22); RUNX1-RUNX1T1
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(9;11)(p22;q23); MLLT3-MLL
Adult Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia With t(15;17)(q22;q12); PML-RARA
Alkylating Agent-Related Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia
de Novo Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Previously Treated Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Secondary Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Untreated Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Drug: Azacitidine
Drug: Entinostat
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase II Trial of Azacitidine With or Without the Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor Entinostat for the Treatment of Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia (Dysplastic Type), and Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Multilineage Dysplasia

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of Patients With Clinical Response [ Time Frame: Assessed every 3 months if patient is < 2 years from study entry, every 6 months if patient is 2 - 5 years from study entry. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Clinical response is defined as a complete response (CR), partial response (PR) or trilineage response (TR) graded according to the following criteria:

    1. World Health Organization classification of the acute leukemias and myelodysplastic syndrome (by Bennett)
    2. Myelodysplastic syndromes standardized response criteria: further definition (by Cheson et al.)
    3. Report of an international working group to standardize response criteria for myelodysplastic syndromes (by Cheson et al.)


Enrollment: 197
Study Start Date: August 2006
Estimated Study Completion Date: April 2016
Primary Completion Date: July 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm A (azacitidine)
Patients receive azacitidine SC QD on days 1-10. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 6-24 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Azacitidine
Given SC
Other Names:
  • 5 AZC
  • 5-AC
  • 5-Azacytidine
  • 5-AZC
  • AZACITIDINE
  • Azacytidine
  • Azacytidine, 5-
  • Ladakamycin
  • Mylosar
  • U-18496
  • Vidaza
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies
Experimental: Arm B (azacitidine, entinostat)
Patients receive azacitidine as in Arm A and entinostat PO on days 3 and 10. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 6-24 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Azacitidine
Given SC
Other Names:
  • 5 AZC
  • 5-AC
  • 5-Azacytidine
  • 5-AZC
  • AZACITIDINE
  • Azacytidine
  • Azacytidine, 5-
  • Ladakamycin
  • Mylosar
  • U-18496
  • Vidaza
Drug: Entinostat
Given PO
Other Names:
  • ENTINOSTAT
  • HDAC inhibitor SNDX-275
  • MS 27-275
  • MS-275
  • SNDX-275
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To estimate the overall response rate (complete, partial, and hematologic improvement-major by International Working Group [IWG] criteria) in response to azacitidine and entinostat.

II. To estimate the major response rate (complete and partial responses by the IWG response criteria) to a 10-day regimen of azacitidine and to the same regimen of azacitidine in combination with entinostat administered orally on days 3 and 10 of each cycle in patients with de novo myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMMoL) (dysplastic) and acute myeloid leukemia with trilineage dysplasia (AML-TLD), as well as in patients with treatment-induced MDS, CMMoL (dysplastic) and AML-TLD.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the toxicity of azacitidine and entinostat in this patient population.

II. To identify changes in gene promoter methylation and gene expression which may be associated with response to azacitidine and entinostat.

III. To identify other molecular mechanisms (such as deoxyribonucleic acid [DNA] damage) which may be associated with response to azacitidine and entinostat.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM A: Patients receive azacitidine subcutaneously (SC) once daily (QD) on days 1-10.

ARM B: Patients receive azacitidine as in Arm A and entinostat orally (PO) on days 3 and 10.

In both arms, treatment repeats every 28 days for 6-24 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 5 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • The following diagnoses will be eligible for this study:
  • Myelodysplastic syndromes: the diagnosis of MDS must be confirmed by a bone marrow aspirate and/or biopsy within two weeks prior to registration; NOTE: blast count must be < 20%; patients with any International Prognostic Score (IPSS) are eligible; patients with low or intermediate (INT)-1 IPSS must have a platelet count < 50,000/mm^3 and/or absolute neutrophil count (ANC) < 500/mm^3 within seven days prior to registration
  • Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (dysplastic subtype): the diagnosis of CMMoL must be confirmed by a bone marrow aspirate and/or biopsy within two weeks prior to registration; patients with CMMoL must have a WBC < 12,000/mm^3, documented within 4 weeks prior to study entry (two sets of counts that are 2 weeks apart will be taken)
  • Acute myeloid leukemia with multilineage dysplasia: the diagnosis of AML-TLD must be confirmed by a bone marrow aspirate and/or biopsy within two weeks prior to registration; NOTE: there must be evidence of >= 20% blasts on the review of the bone marrow aspirate and/or biopsy; AML-TLD will be interpreted to include patients formerly diagnosed by French-American-British (FAB) criteria as refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation (RAEB-t), as well as patients with no history of antecedent hematologic disorder who have AML which meets criteria for AML-TLD by World Health Organization (WHO) criteria; patients with AML-TLD must have a white blood cell (WBC) =< 30,000/mm^3 documented within 4 weeks prior to study entry (two sets of counts that are 2 weeks apart will be taken); patients whose WBC has doubled within this period of time and is greater than 20,000/mm^3 at the time of screening will not be eligible
  • Women must not be pregnant or breast-feeding; all females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within two weeks prior to registration to rule out pregnancy
  • Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males must be strongly advised to use an accepted and effective method of contraception
  • Patient must have Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status between 0-2
  • Patient must have no prior treatment with azacitidine, decitabine or entinostat
  • Patients must not have active infections at the time of registration
  • Serum creatinine < 2.0 mg/dL; test must be done within seven days prior to registration
  • Total serum bilirubin within institutional limits unless due to intra- or extramedullary hemolysis or Gilbert's syndrome; test must be done within seven days prior to registration
  • Aspartate transaminase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine transaminase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN); tests must be done within seven days prior to registration
  • Patients must not have received any AML induction chemotherapy or stem cell transplantation; any other treatment for their disease, including hematopoietic growth factors may not be given, within three weeks prior to registration, and should have recovered from all toxicities of prior therapy (to grade 0 or 1)
  • Patients must have no clinical evidence of central nervous system (CNS) or pulmonary leukostasis, disseminated intravascular coagulation, or CNS leukemia
  • Patients must have no serious or uncontrolled medical conditions
  • Patients who have therapy-induced MDS, CMMoL (dysplastic) and AML-TLD are eligible and will be treated as separate cohorts from the patients with de novo MDS, CMMoL (dysplastic) and AML-TLD
  • Patients should have a life expectancy of at least six months
  • Patients must not have advanced malignant hepatic tumors
  • Patients must not have a known hypersensitivity to azacitidine or mannitol
  • Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) ONLY: all SWOG patients must be registered on SWOG-9007 ("Cytogenetic Studies in Leukemia Patients"); collection of the pretreatment bone marrow specimen (or of peripheral blood if the marrow is not aspirable) must be completed within 28 days before registration; the pretreatment specimen must be submitted to a SWOG-approved cytogenetics laboratory as described in protocol SWOG-9007; note that submission of bone marrow cytogenetic studies are required to calculate the IPSS score (stratification issue); in addition, cytogenetic response will be measured at follow-up requiring a second cytogenetic study at the end of protocol treatment; NOTE: In addition to SWOG-9007, SWOG patients must be offered participation in S9910, the leukemia centralized reference laboratories and tissue repositories ancillary study; If consent is given, collection of pretreatment blood and/or marrow specimens must be completed within 14 days prior to registration. If the patient consents to participate in S9910, pretreatment specimens of marrow and/or peripheral blood must be submitted to the Southwest Oncology Group Myeloid Repository at the University of New Mexico for cellular and molecular studies; S9910 also requests submission of remission and relapse specimens
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00313586

  Show 234 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Steven Gore ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00313586     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2009-01077, NCI-2009-01077, ECOG-E1905, CDR0000466186, E1905, E1905, U10CA180820, U10CA021115
Study First Received: April 11, 2006
Results First Received: November 18, 2014
Last Updated: September 1, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic
Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Neoplasm Metastasis
Preleukemia
Syndrome
Bone Marrow Diseases
Disease
Hematologic Diseases
Myelodysplastic-Myeloproliferative Diseases
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Precancerous Conditions
Azacitidine
Entinostat
Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors
Antimetabolites
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 03, 2015