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Evaluation of Alternative Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) Dosing Strategies.

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00304434
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 17, 2006
Last Update Posted : September 23, 2009
Brooke Army Medical Center
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Information provided by:
VA Office of Research and Development

Brief Summary:
Objective 1: Determine the safety and toxicity profile of Tamiflu administered in combination with probenecid in healthy adults.Objective 2: Determine the pharmacokinetic profile of Tamiflu and probenecid in healthy adults.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Influenza Drug: Oseltamivir Drug: Probenecid Phase 4

Detailed Description:

In vitro studies have determined that the 50 % inhibitory concentrations (IC50) of Ro 64-0802 against influenza neuraminidases ranged from 0.3 to 22 nmol/L (0.08 - 0.28 g/L or 0.08 -0.28 ng/mL). IC50 values against influenza strains in cell culture were somewhat higher and more variable ranging from 0.6 to 155 nmol/L (0.17 - 32.8 g/L or 0.17 - 32.8 ng/mL). Tamiflu has also been shown to have in vitro and mouse challenge activity against the H5N1 virus. EC50 values against H5N1 strain replication in Madin Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells ranged from 7.5-12 M and neuraminidase activity from 7.0-15 nM (IC50 values).

The current U.S. FDA approved recommendations for influenza A and B treatment using oseltamivir suggest a dose of 75mg taken orally twice daily for 5 days at the onset of symptoms or laboratory confirmation of infection. Prophylaxis against influenza A infection for those people exposed to or at high risk for exposure suggests a dose of 75 mg orally taken once daily for up to 6 weeks. No clinical trials in humans infected with or requiring prophylaxis for the H5N1 variant have been performed. Oseltamivir treatment in a human pediatric case of H5N1 influenza pneumonia has been published. Oseltamivir was given late in the course of illness and the child subsequently expired. Several people were given a prophylactic course of oseltamivir after avian influenza (H7N7, H7N3) outbreaks in the Netherlands and in British Columbia, which appeared to be effective in preventing additional human cases.

Clinical trials using oseltamivir for influenza treatment have recently been reviewed. Two phase III placebo controlled, blinded studies were performed in adults, three in geriatric populations, and one in pediatric patients. In general, flu symptoms were decreased by one day or greater in those patients who received Tamiflu compared to placebo. Several prophylaxis studies using oseltamivir have been conducted in healthy unvaccinated adults and have also been recently reviewed. In several trials involving either prophylaxis after household exposure or after exposure in the community have demonstrated that the incidence of influenza was significantly reduced (range 70-90%) in those patients receiving Tamiflu, 75mg orally once daily for 42 days compared to placebo. Side effect profiles in the prophylaxis studies indicate that nausea and vomiting were more commonly found in the Tamiflu arm when compared to placebo. There was no difference in side effect incidence in younger compared to older adult (> 65 years) populations.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 48 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Official Title: Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) Dosing Strategies for Use During Influenza Prophylaxis (VA01)
Study Start Date : February 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : February 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Flu

Arm Intervention/treatment
1 Drug: Oseltamivir
Drug: Probenecid

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To determine whether the combination of oseltamivir and probenecid result in equivalent blood plasma concentrations compared to oseltamivir given alone [ Time Frame: 15 days ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The safety of combining oseltamivir and probenecid

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

Subjects will include males and non-pregnant females 18 years or older Subjects who can understand the study and potential safety concerns and can sign the informed consent form prior to admission to this study Subjects that are willing to complete all the required assessments, tests and evaluations and able to make all study visits Hemoglobin > 10.0 g/dL for males and > 9.0 g/dL for females; b) Platelet count of > 75,000 / L; c) Absolute neutrophil count > 1000 / L; SGOT and SGPT < than 2.5 times normal upper limit (UL); Serum uric acid WNL; Creatinine < 1.5 times normal upper limit (normal UL 1.5 mg/dL) for the < 65 years of age group and MUST be WNL for the > 65 years of age group; creatinine clearance > 50 mL/min

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects with a creatinine clearance of < 50 mL/min Subjects who are pregnant or breast feeding females Subjects who are not employing adequate contraception Subjects who are drug or alcohol abusers and in the opinion of the investigator would interfere with subject compliance and safety Subjects who are currently participating in any other clinical research study Any acute serious infection requiring prescription therapy within 14 days prior to Day 1 of the study Subjects who may have or recently been exposed to influenza Subjects with gout, blood dyscrasias, or history of hypersensitivity to sulfonamide drugs Subjects with contraindications to the study medications History of allergic reaction to probenecid Have kidney disease, kidney stones, or poorly functioning kidneys Have active peptic ulcer disease On high dose aspirin or salicylate therapy

Receiving any of the following medications (relative contraindication for probenecid):

Acyclovir, allopurinol, penicillamine, clofibrate, rifampin, methotrexate, zidovudine, theophylline, dapsone, penicillins or cephalosporins, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) such as ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Nuprin, others), ketoprofen (Orudis, Oruvail, Orudis KT), diclofenac (Cataflam, Voltaren), etodolac (Lodine), fenoprofen (Nalfon), flurbiprofen (Ansaid), indomethacin (Indocin), ketorolac (Toradol), nabumetone (Relafen), oxaprozin (Daypro), piroxicam (Feldene), sulindac (Clinoril), tolmetin (Tolectin), and naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox, Naprosyn); a sulfa-based medication such as sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra, Gantanol), sulfasalazine (Azulfidine), sulfinpyrazone (Anturane), sulfisoxazole (Gantrisin), and others; an oral diabetes medicine such as glipizide (Glucotrol), glyburide (Micronase, Diabeta, Glynase), tolbutamide (Orinase), or tolazamide (Tolinase); a barbiturate such as phenobarbital (Luminal, Solfoton), amobarbital (Amytal), secobarbital (Seconal), and others; or a benzodiazepine (used to treat anxiety and panic disorders and to induce sleep) such as alprazolam (Xanax), diazepam (Valium), lorazepam (Ativan), temazepam (Restoril), chlordiazepoxide (Librium), clonazepam (Klonopin), clorazepate (Tranxene), oxazepam (Serax), estazolam (ProSom), flurazepam (Dalmane), quazepam (Doral), or triazolam (Halcion).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00304434

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United States, California
VA Palo Alto Health Care System
Palo Alto, California, United States, 94304-1207
Sponsors and Collaborators
US Department of Veterans Affairs
Brooke Army Medical Center
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
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Principal Investigator: Mark Holodniy, MD VA Palo Alto Health Care System
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Holodniy, Mark - Principal Investigator, Department of Veterans Affairs Identifier: NCT00304434    
Other Study ID Numbers: INDA-014-05F
First Posted: March 17, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 23, 2009
Last Verified: September 2009
Keywords provided by VA Office of Research and Development:
Adverse effects
Clinical trial
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Influenza, Human
Orthomyxoviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Uricosuric Agents
Gout Suppressants
Antirheumatic Agents
Renal Agents