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Fluorouracil, Cisplatin, and Radiation Therapy or Gemcitabine and Oxaliplatin in Treating Patients With Nonmetastatic Biliary Tract Cancer That Cannot Be Removed By Surgery

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00304135
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 17, 2006
Last Update Posted : May 30, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Federation Francophone de Cancerologie Digestive

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fluorouracil, cisplatin, oxaliplatin, and gemcitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) may kill more tumor cells. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. It is not yet known whether giving fluorouracil and cisplatin together with radiation therapy is more effective than giving gemcitabine together with oxaliplatin in treating nonmetastatic biliary tract cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II/III trial is studying fluorouracil, cisplatin, and radiation therapy to see how well they work compared to gemcitabine and oxaliplatin in treating patients with nonmetastatic biliary tract cancer that cannot be removed by surgery.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Extrahepatic Bile Duct Cancer Gallbladder Cancer Liver Cancer Drug: cisplatin Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride Drug: oxaliplatin Phase 2 Phase 3

Detailed Description:



  • Compare the 3-month progression rate in patients with unresectable, nonmetastatic cancer of the biliary tract treated with fluorouracil, cisplatin, and radiotherapy vs gemcitabine hydrochloride and oxaliplatin. (phase II)
  • Compare the overall survival of patients treated with these regimens. (phase III)


  • Compare toxicities of these regimens in these patients. (phase II)
  • Compare the quality of life at initial drainage (phase II) and overall (phase III) of patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare the biliary complication rate in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare the duration of hospitalization of patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to disease location (gallbladder vs intrahepatic biliary duct vs extrahepatic biliary duct). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients undergo radiotherapy once daily, 5 days a week on days 1-33. Patients also receive fluorouracil IV continuously over 5 days once a week in weeks 1-5 and cisplatin IV over 15 minutes on days 1-4 and 29-32 (or days 1 or 2 and 29 or 30) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Arm II: Patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 100 minutes and oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours on day 1. Treatment repeats every 14 days for up to 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Quality of life is assessed at baseline and then every 3 months thereafter.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed periodically for 2 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 170 patients will be accrued for this study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 34 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Phase II-III Study of Chemoradiation With Fluorouracil and Cisplatin Versus Chemotherapy (Gemcitabine/Oxaliplatin) in Non Resectable But Non Metastatic Cancer of the Biliary Tract
Study Start Date : October 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2012

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Radio-chimiothérapie
Drug: cisplatin
Experimental: GEMOX
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
Drug: oxaliplatin

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression rate at 3 months [ Time Frame: 2012 ]
  2. Overall survival [ Time Frame: 2012 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Toxicity [ Time Frame: 2012 ]
  2. Biliary complication rate [ Time Frame: 2012 ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 120 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Diagnosis of cancer of the biliary tract by 1 of the following methods:

    • Histologic confirmation
    • Stenosis of the biliary tract by MRI, CT scan, or ECHO
  • Unresectable disease
  • Amenable to radiotherapy
  • No visceral metastases by imaging

    • Hepatic adenopathies that can be included in a radiation field allowed
  • No known ampulla of Vater or pancreatic cancer involving the biliary tract


  • WHO performance status 0-2
  • Creatinine < 1.5 mg/dL
  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 75,000/mm^3
  • Prothrombin time > 70%
  • Bilirubin ≤ 2.9 mg/dL (after hepatic draining, if needed)
  • No unstable angina
  • No symptomatic cardiac insufficiency
  • No other comorbidity that would preclude study therapy
  • No other prior malignancy except basal cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • No prior hydatid cyst or alveolar echinococciasis
  • Not pregnant or nursing


  • No recent biliary surgery
  • No hepatic intra-arterial chemotherapy
  • No prior anticancer therapy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00304135

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Federation Francophone de Cancerologie Digestive
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Principal Investigator: Bruno Chauffert Centre Georges Francois Leclerc
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Federation Francophone de Cancerologie Digestive
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00304135    
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000470411
First Posted: March 17, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 30, 2016
Last Verified: December 2006
Keywords provided by Federation Francophone de Cancerologie Digestive:
localized unresectable adult primary liver cancer
unresectable extrahepatic bile duct cancer
unresectable gallbladder cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Liver Neoplasms
Gallbladder Neoplasms
Bile Duct Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Biliary Tract Neoplasms
Biliary Tract Diseases
Gallbladder Diseases
Bile Duct Diseases
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Antineoplastic Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs