Perspectives of Individuals With Bipolar Disorder and Siblings of Individuals With Bipolar Disorder; A Telephone Interview Study

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00300820
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 9, 2006
Last Update Posted : July 2, 2017
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

This study will examine those who will seek and those who are most likely to benefit from genetic counseling for psychiatric disorders. It will identify themes related to perceived risks, benefits, and possible motivations for seeking genetic counseling among families affected by bipolar disorder. It will then use those themes to generate a starting point for a framework to guide further research and to improve genetics services as they are currently practiced.

Adults with bipolar disorder and the adult siblings of people with bipolar disorder are eligible for this study. In a 60- to 90-minute telephone interview, participants are asked questions related to their thoughts about the causes of bipolar disorder, their experiences with the illness, their concerns about the disorder occurring again in their families, and their feelings about the value of discussing these issues with health care professionals. They also are asked questions about the mental health of their close family members and their own mental health.

Condition or disease
Bipolar Disorder (BD) Bipolar

Detailed Description:

This study aims to examine through the use of qualitative telephone interviews who will seek, and who is most likely to benefit from, genetic counseling for psychiatric disorders. The specific aims are to identify themes related to perceived risks, benefits, and possible motivations for seeking genetic counseling among families affected by bipolar disorder; to use those themes to generate a starting point for a conceptual framework to guide further research; and to use those themes to improve clinical genetics services currently in practice.

None of the few available studies on genetics and bipolar disorder evaluate interest in genetic services in the absence of genetic testing (e.g., family-history-based risk assessment, education about etiology, psychological support) even though those elements will continue to be relevant even if genetic testing becomes available. Only one study asked any questions about psychiatric genetic counseling in the absence of testing-a study on schizophrenia in which one such question was posed. In most of the available literature, the focus is on highly predictive testing scenarios that are not relevant in current practice, and may never be relevant. In addition, most studies test the researchers' preconceived notions of risks and benefits, without allowing participant input. More research will facilitate the integration of genetic counseling for psychiatric disorders into the genetics clinic.

This is a qualitative study using telephone interviews that will be taped and transcribed. We plan to interview 15 to 25 adults affected with bipolar disorder and 15 to 25 unaffected adult siblings. We will use a semi-structured interview guide that will allow the integration of new elements and the modification of existing elements. We will use data reduction and coding to synthesize the most important themes.

This study will result in themes that can be tested in a larger, more representative sample, allowing us to test hypotheses about interest in psychiatric genetic counseling. This study also will provide preliminary data about anticipating, through the use of realistic scenarios, the point at which individuals are more likely to embrace psychiatric genetic counseling; and beginning to understand, in a broader perspective, what may increase or decrease interest in genetic counseling and risk assessment based on family history for complex disorders. More immediately, this study will provide a description of the experience of living with risk in the family that should be of interest to genetics professionals.

Study Type : Observational
Enrollment : 50 participants
Official Title: Seeking Genetic Counseling: What Motivates Families At Risk For Psychiatric Illness?
Study Start Date : March 2, 2006
Study Completion Date : February 6, 2008

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Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Individuals over 18 years of age who have been diagnosed with bipolar disorder (per their own report; no screening will be performed), and/or the adult siblings of affected individuals. Participants do not have to be sibling pairs, i.e., an affected individual may be included without the participation of their unaffected sibling, and visa versa. Participants must be able to speak English fluently.


Those under 18 years of age will not be included. First-degree relatives other than full siblings will not be included. If a participant is symptomatic to the point that the interview is compromised, as determined by the PI who has considerable experience counseling affected individuals, the PI will end the interview and any data collected will be destroyed. If possible, the interview will be rescheduled. We will encourage symptomatic individuals to seek care from their mental health provider, or we will make a referral if the individual does not have a provider.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00300820

United States, Maryland
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)

Publications: Identifier: NCT00300820     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 060108
First Posted: March 9, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 2, 2017
Last Verified: February 6, 2008

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Bipolar Disorder
Affected Adults and Adult Siblings
Interest in Genetic Counseling
Adult Siblings

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar and Related Disorders
Mental Disorders