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The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of modafinil in the treatment of opioid induced sedation as measured by the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS).
The secondary objective is to estimate the frequency and severity of toxicity associated with Modafinil (400mg) in patients with opioid induced sedation.
Condition or disease
Sedation is a common side effect of opioid analgesics. In patients where this remains a dose limiting toxicity, stimulants (caffeine, methylphenidate, ephedrine, amphetamine) have been the primary class of agents used to counteract sedation. Modafinil is a novel stimulant that is FDA approved for the treatment of narcolepsy and has a very different side effect profile than traditional stimulants. The potential role of this agent in the treatment of opioid induced sedation remains undefined. This study, which utilizes a prospective, randomized, blinded, cross-over design, will collect daily information on sedation (Epsworth Sleepiness Scale), pain, opioid consumption, and adverse effects in 90 patients suffering from opioid induced sedation within the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Epworth Sleepiness Scale > 10
Etiology of sleepiness is attributed only to opioids
Patient must have been taking an opioid for more than 2 weeks or have been on a non-escalating dose of opioids for at least 1 week
Patient must be able to give written informed consent