Molecular and Cellular Characterization of Cardiac Tissue in Postnatal Development
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00243776|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 25, 2005
Last Update Posted : September 21, 2018
|Condition or disease|
|Congenital Heart Disease Tetralogy of Fallot|
Extrapolating pharmacological and surgical therapies from adult (AD) studies to infant (INF) patients is problematic because the knowledge of cellular electrophysiology and molecular biology of human INF heart cells is limited. The investigators have studied developmental differences in rabbit ventricular cells and now extend these studies to atrial and ventricular cells isolated from AD, young adult (YAD) or INF patients.
The study aims are as follows:
- Developmental differences in transient outward current of atrial cells. Investigators will extend their studies to isolated cells and tissue from YADs (age 14-20). In addition, several other accessory beta-subunits have been found in cardiac myocytes and may interact with Kv channels and regulate the function of these channels. The study team will determine relative amounts of these putative regulators of human atrial Ito to determine which correlate with developmental changes in Ito kinetics.
- Developmental differences in amplitude and regulation of calcium current in atrial cells. Investigators hypothesize that INF atrial cells have tonic inhibition of adenylyl cyclase (and thus of ICa) mediated by inhibitory G proteins, possibly related to constitutive activity of the adenosine A1 receptor, and that, compared to AD or YAD cells, have greater sensitivity to inhibitors of phosphatases and phosphodiesterases, and that developmental changes in basal ICa amplitude and beta-sympathetic modulation correlate with inhibitory G protein levels, receptor numbers for M2 and A1 receptors, and constitutive inhibitory activity.
- Modulation of atrial cell calcium transients by changes in AP waveform and developmental age. The study team will test the hypothesis that prolongation of the early repolarization phase of the after potential (AP) increases Ca2+ entry and that YAD cells have faster removal of Ca2+ from cytoplasm than INF cells and will determine if the Na- Ca2+ exchange current (INCX) is greater in INF vs. AD or YAD cells.
- Developmental differences in Ca current and transients and contractility in ventricular cells. Investigators propose that INF cells and tissue have lower basal ICa, lower potency for Isoproterenol stimulation, higher levels of Gialpha3 and A1 receptors, greater inhibitory potency for adenosine, and tonic inhibition of ICa. We also propose that the YAD cells have lower levels of NCX and lower INCX, higher levels of SERCA and faster removal of Ca2+ from the cytoplasm. Previous animal studies have indicated various developmental changes in cardiac cells. We will specifically study human postnatal developmental changes in Ito, regulation of ICa and intracellular Ca2+ transients.
- Structural, Functional and Metabolic Maturation of hPSC-CMs. Investigators propose that combinations of 3D cardiac spheres with multiple environmental cues to improve mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation (FAO or beta-oxidation) pathway will promote functional and metabolic maturation of hPSC-CMs and generate a more clinically relevant model. using tissue engineering combined with pharmacological agents to regulate signals that are involved in FAO metabolism and appropriate growth factor and hormonal signaling that mimic the microenvironment for the maturation of CMs.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||600 participants|
|Official Title:||Molecular and Cellular Characterization of Cardiac Tissue in Postnatal Development|
|Study Start Date :||April 2005|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||January 31, 2020|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||January 31, 2020|
- Calcium Current Measures [ Time Frame: Duration of Study (Up to 13 Years) ]Calcium currents including transients and modulation of calcium handling by activation of different pathways in isolated cells from waste tissue obtained at the time of surgical repair for Congenital Heart Disease will be measured for the duration of the study.
- Change in structural, functional and metabolic maturation of Human pluripotent stem cell derived Cardiomyocytes (hPSC-CMs) [ Time Frame: Duration of Study (Up to 3 Years) ]Change in structural, functional and metabolic maturation of Human pluripotent stem cell derived Cardiomyocytes (hPSC-CMs) is achieved using combinations of 3D cardiac spheres with multiple environmental cues to improve mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation (FAO or beta-oxidation) pathway will promote functional and metabolic maturation of hPSC-CMs and generate a more clinically relevant model. The outcome will be measured whether the cells achieved maturation (structural, functional and metabolic maturation) or not after using combinations of 3D cardiac spheres with multiple environmental cues.
Biospecimen Retention: Samples Without DNA
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00243776
|Contact: Michael E Davis, PhDemail@example.com|
|Contact: Janet Fernandez, RNfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, Georgia|
|Emory University School of Medicine||Recruiting|
|Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322|
|Principal Investigator: Mary B Wagner, PhD|
|Principal Investigator:||Michael E Davis, PhD||Emory University|