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A Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Galantamine in Patients With Mild Cognitive Impairment

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00236574
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 12, 2005
Last Update Posted : June 8, 2011
Information provided by:
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of galantamine treatment in patients with mild cognitive impairment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Dementia Alzheimer Disease Drug: Galantamine hydrobromide Phase 3

Detailed Description:
This is an international, multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Following a 4 week screening period, patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), who are clinically at risk for development of Alzheimer's disease, will be randomized to treatment with either placebo or galantamine for 24 months with either placebo or a flexible dose of galantamine. Efficacy will be evaluated by measures of memory and cognition (Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale of cognition for MCI [ADAS-cog/MCI] and the Clinical Dementia Rating Sum of the Boxes [CDR-SB]), global severity of dementia (Clinical Dementia Rating [CDR]), functionality (Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study - Activities of Daily Living adapted to MCI [ADCS-ADL/MCI]), and changes on serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Safety will be assessed using adverse event reports, vital signs, laboratory parameters, physical examination and electrocardiograms. The primary study hypothesis is that galantamine will improve memory deficits associated with mild cognitive impairment and therefore improve or stabilize the patient's cognitive abilities. A second study hypothesis is that treatment with galantamine slows or delays conversion of mild cognitive impairment to the dementia often associated with probable Alzheimer's disease in these patients. The third study hypothesis is that the treatment will be well tolerated by the patients. Galantamine hydrobromide immediate-release tablets (4, 8, and 12 milligrams (mg)) taken by mouth 2 times daily: 4 weeks at 8mg/day, 4 weeks at 16mg/day, increased to 24mg/day for the remainder of the 24-month trial. Dose may be reduced at investigator's discretion after 12 weeks.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 974 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Double Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Galantamine in Patients With Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) Clinically at Risk for Development of Clinically Probable Alzheimer's Disease.
Study Start Date : May 2001
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2003

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Memory and cognition (ADAS-cog/MCI and CDR-SB scores) at 12 months and Global functional skills and the overall severity of dementia (the CDR-SB and the overall CDR) at 24 months.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Brain atrophy assessed by MRI, Digit Symbol Coding, Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study-ADL scale(MCI version) at 24 months. Safety evaluations (adverse event reports, vital signs, laboratory tests, physical examination, electrocardiograms) throughout.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Clinical decline of cognitive ability consistent with mild cognitive impairment
  • Delayed recall score less than or equal to 10 on New York University paragraph recall test
  • Sufficient visual, hearing and communication capabilities and willingness to complete serial standard tests of cognitive function
  • Have a consistent informant to accompany them on scheduled visits
  • Be able to read, write and fully understand the language of the cognitive scales used in the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Contraindications for magnetic resonance imaging, for example, presence of pacemaker or presence of metal in high risk areas
  • Neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease
  • Cognitive impairment resulting from acute cerebral trauma, hypoxic cerebral damage, vitamin deficiency states, infections such as meningitis or AIDS, or primary of metastatic cerebral neoplasia
  • Significant endocrine or metabolic disease
  • Mental retardation
  • Women who are pregnant, nursing, or lacking adequate contraception

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00236574

Sponsors and Collaborators
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
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Study Director: Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L. C. Clinical Trial Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00236574    
Other Study ID Numbers: CR003145
First Posted: October 12, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 8, 2011
Last Verified: November 2010
Keywords provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:
Alzheimer disease
Mild cognitive impairment
Galantamine hydrobromide
Memory disorder
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Alzheimer Disease
Cognitive Dysfunction
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders
Cognition Disorders
Cholinesterase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Cholinergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Nootropic Agents