Propofol Versus Propofol-Fentanyl as Sedation For Lumbar Puncture in Children With Acute Leukemia/Lymphoma
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The hypothesis of the study is that propofol-fentanyl sedation for lumbar punctures in children with acute leukemia/lymphoma results in fewer adverse events than propofol sedation alone. Secondary hypotheses state that propofol-fentanyl sedation results in a better sedation induction, recovery profile and is preferred by patients/families. The study is a double blind, randomized, placebo controlled crossover study. Following the induction phase of chemotherapy, children will be randomized in a crossover manner to receive either fentanyl-propofol or propofol-placebo for future lumbar punctures. Patients will be studied on two separate occasions, once with propofol-placebo (normal saline) and once with propofol-fentanyl. Children will be monitored continuously by pulse oximetry, electrocardiogram (ECG) and direct nursing and physician observation during the sedation in accordance with the University of Wisconsin (UW) Pediatric Policy and Procedure. Propofol will be titrated to a Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Pain Scale (CHEOPS) score of ≤ 7 for all children. Oxygen saturation, respiratory rate, heart rate and blood pressure will be recorded every 3 minutes by a study investigator during sedation.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
2 Years to 18 Years (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Children ages 2 years to 18 years with acute leukemia/lymphoma cared for by physicians in the Division of Hematology/Oncology in the Department of Pediatrics and receiving sedation for diagnostic/therapeutic lumbar punctures (LPs) in the UW Pediatric Sedation Program
Enrollment will occur after the induction phase of chemotherapy.
Keywords provided by University of Wisconsin, Madison:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Immune System Diseases
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents