Safety, Acceptability and Preliminary Effectiveness of PC-515 for Vaginal Use as a Possible Microbicide
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00213031|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 21, 2005
Last Update Posted : August 14, 2017
The primary aims of the study were to assess the safety and acceptability of PC-515 when applied vaginally at least three times weekly for 12 months. Secondary aims were to gather preliminary data on Carraguard's effectiveness in preventing male-to-female transmission of HIV, and other STIs.
The hypothesis was that Carraguard would cause little or no significant irritation, including lesions; and that women would find Carraguard acceptable. The study was not powered to determine effectiveness, but based on safety, acceptability and feasibility parameters, the outcome of the Phase 2 trial would enable a decision whether or not to proceed to a Phase 3 trial.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|HIV Infections Chlamydia Trachomatis Neisseria Gonorrhoeae Trichomonas Vaginitis Syphilis Herpes Simplex||Drug: Carraguard (PC-515)||Phase 2|
Carraguard™ (PC-515), the Population Council's lead candidate microbicide, was tested in a triple-masked, randomized, placebo-controlled trial fielded in one site in Chiang Rai, northern Thailand. The primary aims of the study were to assess Carraguard's safety (toxicity) - including signs of local irritation, such as itching or burning; changes in vaginal flora; and incidence of abnormal external genital, vaginal, and cervical findings - when applied vaginally for 12 months; to evaluate acceptability; to assess feasibility of conducting a large scale microbicide trial in a non-sex worker population; to gauge women's reactions to a non-contraceptive microbicide; and to explore microbicide use dynamics in a Thai population.
Secondary aims were to investigate HIV infections averted (preliminary indications); other sexually transmitted infections averted - including C. trachomatis, N. gonorrhoeae, T. vaginalis, and T. pallidum (preliminary indications); and effect on cervical cytology.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Enrollment :||165 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Official Title:||A Randomized, Placebo-controlled, Double-blind Trial to Assess Expanded Safety, Acceptability and Preliminary Effectiveness of PC-515 (Lambda Carrageenan) for Vaginal Use as a Possible Microbicide|
|Actual Study Start Date :||February 2000|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||December 2001|
- Safety: Genital exam & interview for symptoms after 14 days & monthly thereafter; colposcopy done throughout trial at clinicians' discretion; monthly testing to detect changes in vagina flora.
- Compliance: collection of applicators and interview(monthly)
- Acceptability: interview (quarterly)
- Preliminary effectiveness: Swabs taken to test for sexually transmitted infections - gonorrhea, chlamydia, trichomoniasis and for genital ulcer disease, if ulceration was detected; blood drawn for syphilis and HIV testing and for HSV-2 Pap smear to det
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00213031
|Chiang Rai Health Club|
|Chiang Rai, Thailand, 57001|
|Principal Investigator:||Janneke HMM van de Wijgert, Ph.D.||Population Council|