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Selenium Supplementation of Patients With Cirrhosis

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00212186
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 21, 2005
Last Update Posted : March 7, 2012
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
RBurk, Vanderbilt University

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine whether patients with liver disease can improve their nutritional selenium status by taking supplemental selenium.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Healthy Liver Cirrhosis Drug: Selenium Supplements (essential nutrient) Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Selenium is an essential nutrient. Selenium carries out its biological functions through selenoproteins. The most abundant selenoprotein in the plasma is selenoprotein P, which is largely synthesized in the liver. Patients with liver disease often have less than half the selenoprotein P levels of normal individuals. This suggests that people with liver disease are not meeting their selenium requirements and may benefit from additional selenium.

We proposed to compare the effects of two different forms of supplemental selenium on plasma selenium levels among patients with severe liver cirrhosis and healthy individuals (controls). Patients and controls were randomly assigned to one of 3 treatment groups: 200 µg selenium per day as selenate, 200 µg selenium per day as selenomethionine, or a placebo. The intervention lasted 8 weeks. Blood was measured initially and after 2 and 4 weeks of supplementation. Selenium, selenoprotein P and glutathione peroxidase were measured in the plasma. We compared changes in selenium and selenoprotein levels between liver cirrhosis patients and healthy controls.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 48 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Study Start Date : October 1998
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2003
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2003

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Cirrhosis




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Plasma Selenium Biomarkers


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy Adults
  • Adults with Child-Pugh Class C liver cirrhosis

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of renal failure
  • Urgent need of liver transplant
  • Selenium supplements of >25 µg per day during the past year

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00212186


Locations
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
Sponsors and Collaborators
Vanderbilt University
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Raymond F Burk, M.D. Vanderbilt University

Responsible Party: RBurk, M.D., Vanderbilt University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00212186     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DK54819
R01DK058763 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
1R03DK054819 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: September 21, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 7, 2012
Last Verified: March 2012

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Fibrosis
Liver Cirrhosis
Pathologic Processes
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Selenium
Antioxidants
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Trace Elements
Micronutrients
Growth Substances