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Selenium Supplementation of Patients With Cirrhosis

This study has been completed.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First Posted: September 21, 2005
Last Update Posted: March 7, 2012
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
RBurk, Vanderbilt University
The purpose of this study is to determine whether patients with liver disease can improve their nutritional selenium status by taking supplemental selenium.

Condition Intervention
Healthy Liver Cirrhosis Drug: Selenium Supplements (essential nutrient)

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by RBurk, Vanderbilt University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Plasma Selenium Biomarkers

Enrollment: 48
Study Start Date: October 1998
Study Completion Date: November 2003
Primary Completion Date: November 2003 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

Selenium is an essential nutrient. Selenium carries out its biological functions through selenoproteins. The most abundant selenoprotein in the plasma is selenoprotein P, which is largely synthesized in the liver. Patients with liver disease often have less than half the selenoprotein P levels of normal individuals. This suggests that people with liver disease are not meeting their selenium requirements and may benefit from additional selenium.

We proposed to compare the effects of two different forms of supplemental selenium on plasma selenium levels among patients with severe liver cirrhosis and healthy individuals (controls). Patients and controls were randomly assigned to one of 3 treatment groups: 200 µg selenium per day as selenate, 200 µg selenium per day as selenomethionine, or a placebo. The intervention lasted 8 weeks. Blood was measured initially and after 2 and 4 weeks of supplementation. Selenium, selenoprotein P and glutathione peroxidase were measured in the plasma. We compared changes in selenium and selenoprotein levels between liver cirrhosis patients and healthy controls.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy Adults
  • Adults with Child-Pugh Class C liver cirrhosis

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of renal failure
  • Urgent need of liver transplant
  • Selenium supplements of >25 µg per day during the past year
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00212186

United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
Sponsors and Collaborators
Vanderbilt University
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Principal Investigator: Raymond F Burk, M.D. Vanderbilt University
  More Information

Responsible Party: RBurk, M.D., Vanderbilt University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00212186     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DK54819
R01DK058763 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
1R03DK054819 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: September 19, 2005
First Posted: September 21, 2005
Last Update Posted: March 7, 2012
Last Verified: March 2012

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Liver Cirrhosis
Pathologic Processes
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Trace Elements
Growth Substances