Effects of Interferon-Gamma on Cavitary Pulmonary Tuberculosis in the Lungs

This study has been completed.
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
New York University School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: September 16, 2005
Last updated: December 2, 2015
Last verified: December 2015
This study will evaluate the lung's immune response to mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection and will modulate that response with interferon-gamma.

Condition Intervention Phase
AIDS-related Complex
Drug: Aerosol Interferon-Gamma
Drug: Subcutaneous interferon-gamma
Other: Placebo
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Host Response to Tuberculosis and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by New York University School of Medicine:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Sputum Conversion [ Time Frame: Measured at Week 4 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Chest CT Scan [ Time Frame: Measured at Month 4 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Bronchoalveolar Lavage (BAL) to Measure Flow of Cytometry and Cytokine Levels [ Time Frame: Measured at Month 4 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 96
Study Start Date: April 2005
Study Completion Date: August 2007
Primary Completion Date: January 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Standard Treatment
Isoniazid, Rifampin, Pyrazinamide Anti-Tuberculous Therapy
Other: Placebo
Experimental: Aerosol Interferon-gamma
Aerosol Interferon-Gamma plus Isoniazid, Rifampin, and Pyrazinamide
Drug: Aerosol Interferon-Gamma
Participants will receive aerosol interferon-gamma.
Experimental: Subcutaneous Interferon-Gamma
Subcutaneous Interferon-Gamma plus Isoniazid, Rifampin, and Pyrazinamide
Drug: Subcutaneous interferon-gamma
Patients will receive subcutaneous interferon-gamma

Detailed Description:


Mtb infects one-third of the world's population and ranks seventh in terms of global morbidity and mortality. Patients with bilateral pulmonary tuberculosis (TB), cavitary disease, and persistently positive sputum smears pose a special risk for treatment failure and/or relapse.


Cavitary pulmonary TB will be studied and interferon-gamma will be used as the intervention. The outcome of this study will be the changes in mycobacteriology, chest radiography, and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells.

The primary outcome will be sputum conversion, which will be measured at Weeks 4 and 8.

The key secondary outcomes of this study will include a chest computerized tomography (CT) scan and BAL to measure the flow of cytometry and cytokine levels. Both outcomes will be measured at baseline and at Month 4.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Positive acid-fast bacillus (AFB) smear within 14 days prior to randomization
  • Cluster of Differentiation 4 greater than 200 if HIV positive
  • Ability to sign consent
  • Bilateral, cavitary pulmonary TB

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB
  • Extrapulmonary TB
  • HIV positive with opportunistic infection within 30 days of study entry
  • Cancer
  • Asthma
  • Pregnant or lactating women
  • Chronic heart disease
  • Chronic liver disease
  • Chronic renal disease
  • Seizure disorder
  • Bleeding or clotting disorder
  • Diabetes mellitus
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00201123

United States, New York
NYU School of Medicine
New York, New York, United States, 10016
South Africa
The Lung Institute at University of Cape Town
Cape Town, South Africa
Sponsors and Collaborators
New York University School of Medicine
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Principal Investigator: William Rom, MD, MPH NYU School of Medicine
  More Information

Responsible Party: New York University School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00201123     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 264  R01HL059832-06 
Study First Received: September 16, 2005
Results First Received: January 22, 2014
Last Updated: December 2, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
AIDS-Related Complex
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Actinomycetales Infections
Bacterial Infections
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Immune System Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Lentivirus Infections
Mycobacterium Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Slow Virus Diseases
Virus Diseases
Anti-Infective Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on May 23, 2016