Comparison of Oxidative Stress and Insulin Resistance Before and After Using Physioneal in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients
Patients affected by end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are subjected to enhanced oxidative stress, as a result of reduced anti-oxidant systems and increased pro-oxidant activity. Besides, insulin resistance is also very common in ESRD patients. Both enhanced oxidative stress and insulin resistance increase the risk of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular mortality, and intention to reduce oxidative stress and insulin resistance is important in ESRD patients who suffer from high cardiovascular risk.
The high concentration of glucose and glucose degradation products (GDP), high lactate, and low pH in conventional peritoneal dialysis (PD) solutions are known as bioincompatible factors, which are believed to increase oxidative stress in PD patients. Physioneal®, a more biocompatible dialysis solution with neutral pH, physiologic bicarbonate concentration and low GDP level, has been applied in Europe for several years. Previous studies of Physioneal® have revealed advantages of improved infusion pain, more efficient acid-base control, increased ultrafiltration, and reduced peritonitis duration. However, its effects on oxidative stress and insulin resistance in peritoneal dialysis patients are not reported yet. The comparison of oxidative stress and insulin resistance before and after using Physioneal® may help to elucidate the possibly beneficial effects on uremic patients, which frequently suffer from increased oxidative stress and insulin resistance.
Thirty continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients will be selected in this study, and receive conventional solution (Dianeal® PD-2 or PD-4) for a baseline period of 3 months. Then Physioneal® will be used for 3 months. Clinical conditions, biochemical and hematological parameters, oxidative markers in blood and effluent, and insulin resistance will be measured at baseline, before and after Physioneal®, and some markers will be measured 1 month after discontinuing Physioneal® and changing back to conventional solution. The medication used in each patient will be recorded, and the dialysis prescription will be adjusted by a nephrologist according to clinical data. The data collected before and after Physioneal® will be analyzed by paired-t test.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Comparison of Oxidative Stress and Insulin Resistance Before and After Using Physioneal in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients|
- The oxidative markers in month 3, 6, and 7
- The insulin resistance in month 3, 6, and 7
- The hematologic, biochemical markers, and peritoneal function
- in month 3,6, and 7
|Study Start Date:||September 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2006|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00172211
|Taiwan Universithy Hospital|
|Principal Investigator:||Kwan-Dun Wu, Ph.D. & M.D.||Section of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University|