The Impact of Rosiglitazone on Regression of Atherosclerosis
Cardiovascular events are the leading cause of death in developed countries worldwide, including Taiwan. The disruption of atherosclerotic plaques and the subsequent formation of thrombi are currently recognized as the major cause of morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, early detection of vulnerable plaques is clinically important for risk stratification and also to provide early treatment. Several imaging approaches have been adapted to detect vulnerable plaques, however, most of them are based on morphologic characteristics of atheroma. We hypothesize that PPARγ-induced plaque regression could be monitored clinically by use of 18FDG PET/CT approach, which could assess the inflammatory activity, and can be detected noninvasively earlier than previously reported.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||The Impact of Rosiglitazone on Regression of Atherosclerosis: A Serial 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography Study|
- Vulnerable plaque analyses by PET: Define plaque location and activity at baseline, and compare with the follow-up scans site by site. [ Time Frame: 12 w ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- 1.Glycemic control after active treatment. (Fasting glucose level, HbA1c) [ Time Frame: 12 w ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- 2.Biomarkers:hs-CRP, MMP-1, MCP-1. [ Time Frame: 12 w ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||June 2005|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||November 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
The early detection of vulnerable plaques is clinically important for risk stratification and also to provide early treatment.Inflammation is important in the both pathogenesis and outcome of atherosclerosis. Plaques containing numerous inflammatory cells, particular macrophages, have a high risk of rupture. Diabetes is a major risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis. The discovery of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) gene led to the hope of favorably influencing the insulin resistance syndrome. The administration of PPARγ agonists have been shown to reduce insulin resistance, to reduce the expression of leptin, to lower plasma free fatty acid level and to lower blood pressure. Moreover, beyond the glucose effect, PPARγ agonists may theoretically affect atherosclerosis also through the inhibition of inflammatory cytokines secreted from the macrophage, such as IL-6, IL-1β, TNF-α, etc. These evidences highlight the possibility of PPARγ agonists could be have great impact on plaque regression.
18FDG is a glucose analogue that is taken up by cells in proportion to their metabolic activity. Several papers have reported the potential roles of metabolic imaging in the assessment of inflammatory vascular diseases, especially in large vessels. However, PET has limited spatial resolution. Recently, a combined PET/CT is emerged as a promising modality which could provide both anatomical and functional information. We hypothesize that PPARγ agonists-induced plaque regression could be monitored clinically by use of 18FDG PET/CT approach, and providing information of early efficacy PPARγ treatment caused by stabilization of vulnerable plaque without affecting the lumen size.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00166803
|National Taiwan University Hospital|
|Taipei, Taiwan, 10012|
|Principal Investigator:||Wei-Shiung Yang, MD, phD||National Taiwan University Hospital|