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Cigarette Smoke Nasal and Whole Blood Challenge in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00159341
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 12, 2005
Last Update Posted : August 15, 2008
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Information provided by:
Imperial College London

Brief Summary:

This is a clinical research study to assess whether after exhaling a single cigarette smoke through the nose there are changes in the inflammatory cells and proteins of nasal secretions.

A single blood sample from each subject will be stimulated with cigarette smoke in the laboratory to see the effects on inflammatory blood cells.

Comparison of findings between smokers with COPD and "Healthy" smokers will be carried out.

We hypothesize that some subjects have amplified inflammatory response to a single cigarette, and these will be those subjects who develop chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) after decades of smoking. We hope to develop an acute challenge model that relates to the causation of COPD. When studying the effects of new drugs, these may be detected in small numbers of patients in a challenge situation, when we would need to study many more unchallenged patients to demonstrate drug effects. In clinical research on asthma and allergy, the nasal allergen challenge has been a very successful model, and we hope to validate a comparable model for COPD.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lung Diseases, Obstructive Procedure: Nasal lavage Procedure: Nasal filter paper Procedure: Blood sampling Phase 1

  Show Detailed Description

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 16 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Cigarette Smoke Nasal and Whole Blood Challenge in Patients With COPD
Study Start Date : September 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2006
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2006

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Diseases

Intervention Details:
  • Procedure: Nasal lavage
    Nasal lavage was carried out at specified timepoints
  • Procedure: Nasal filter paper
    Nasal filter paper was placed at specified timepoints
  • Procedure: Blood sampling
    Blood sampling was performed as a routine safety check

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in the cytology and inflammatory mediator content of nasal exudates [ Time Frame: Single timepoint ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Comparison of nasal inflammatory response to smoke in patients with COPD with relevant controls [ Time Frame: Single timepoint ]
  2. Comparison of inflammatory response in blood following cigarette smoking in patients with COPD and relevant controls [ Time Frame: Single timepoint ]
  3. Comparison of nasal challenge with blood challenge [ Time Frame: Single timepoint ]
  4. Develop a nasal challenge model to test novel anti-inflammatoy therapies for COPD [ Time Frame: Single timepoint ]
  5. Identification of potential biomarkers for therapeutic trials in COPD [ Time Frame: Single timepoint ]
  6. Definition of novel drug targets for potential new anti-inflammatory therapies [ Time Frame: Single timepoint ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria (COPD Smokers):

  • Smokers currently on at least 5 cigarettes per day, with a history of >10 pack years
  • Post-bronchodilator FEV1 >30% of predicted and < 80% of predicted
  • Pre-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC of <70%
  • With or without chronic simple bronchitis

Exclusion criteria (COPD Smokers):

  • History of asthma, allergy (including rhinitis/eczema)
  • Reversibility : an increase in FEV1 that is >400ml from the baseline pre- bronchodilator value (bronchodilate with salbutamol 400g delivered from a metered dose inhaler (MDI) into a spacer).

Inclusion criteria (for "Healthy" Smokers):

  • Smokers currently on at least 5 cigarettes per day, with a history of >10 pack years
  • FEV1 >90% of predicted, FEV1/FVC of >70%
  • Cannot have chronic simple bronchitis
  • Age, sex, smoking history matched to COPD Smokers

Exclusion criteria (for "Healthy" Smokers):

  • History of asthma, allergy (including rhinitis/eczema
  • Reversibility: an increase in FEV1 that is both >400ml from the baseline pre-bronchodilator value (bronchodilate with salbutamol 400mcg delivered from a metered dose inhaler (MDI) into a spacer)P
  • Pregnancy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00159341

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United Kingdom
National Heart & Lung Institue Clinical Studies Unit, Imperial College London
London, United Kingdom, SW3 6HP
Sponsors and Collaborators
Imperial College London
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
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Principal Investigator: Trevor T Hansel, BSc MSc PhD National Heart & Lung Institute, Imperial College London

Additional Information:
Publications of Results:
- Vachier I et al.Inflammatory features of nasal mucosa in smokers with and without COPD. Thorax 2004; 59:303-307. - Naclerio RM et al. Mediator release after nasal airway challenge with allergen. Am Rev Respir Dis 1983; 128:597-602. - Greiff L et al. The 'nasal pool' device applies controlled concentrations of solutes on human nasal airway mucosa and samples its surface exudations/secretions. Clin Exp Allergy 1990; 20:253-259. - Alam R et al. Development of a new technique for recovery of cytokines from inflammatory sites in situ. J Immunol Methods 1992; 155:25-29. - Weido AJ et al. Intranasal fluticasone propionate inhibits recovery of chemokines and other cytokines in nasal secretions in allergen-induced rhinitis. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 1996; 77:407-415. - Meltzer EO, Jalowayski AA. Nasal cytology in clinical practice. Am J Rhinol 1988; 2:47-54. - Fishwick D et al. Immunologic response to inhaled endotoxin: changes in peripheral cell surface markers in normal individuals. J Occup Environ Med 2004; 46:467-472. - Mudway IS, Kelly FJ. An investigation of inhaled ozone dose and the magnitude of airway inflammation in healthy adults. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2004; 169:1089-1095. - Rahman I et al. Glutathione, stress responses, and redox signalling in lung inflammation. Antioxidants & Redox Signalling 2005; 7:42-59. - Koechlin C et al. Does systemic inflammation trigger local exercise-induced oxidative stress in COPD? Eur Respir J 2004; 23:538-544.

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Responsible Party: Dr Trevor Hansel, NHLI Clinical Studies Unit Identifier: NCT00159341     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 05/Q0404/84
First Posted: September 12, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 15, 2008
Last Verified: August 2008

Keywords provided by Imperial College London:
cigarette smoke
whole blood
nasal fluid
filter paper

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Lung Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Respiratory Tract Diseases