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The Effects of a Supervised Exercise Program on Self Efficacy of People Living With HIV/AIDS.

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
Bayside Health Identifier:
First received: September 9, 2005
Last updated: October 19, 2005
Last verified: May 2005
To evaluate the impact of a supervised exercise program (SEP) on self-efficacy,quality of life status and cardiovascular fitness among people with HIV in a 24 week randomised controlled trial.We hypothesised that a combined aerobic and resisted exercise (intervention) would improve these parameters compared to an individual walking program with monthly group forum (control).

Condition Intervention
HIV Infections Behavioral: supervised exercise

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effects of a Supervised Exercise Program on Self Efficacy, Quality of Life Status, Cardiovascular Fitness and Hospital Readmission Rates of People Living With HIV/AIDS.

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Bayside Health:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • All outcomes measured at baseline, 2 and 6 months.Self-efficacy measured by the General Self-Efficacy(GSE) Scale.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Quality of life measured by MOS-HIV Scale. Cardiovascular fitness measured by the Kasch Pulse Recovery Test.

Estimated Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: September 2002
Estimated Study Completion Date: May 2005
Detailed Description:

With combination antiretroviral therapy, HIV has become a chronic, manageable medical condition. Medication adherence is now a critical determinant of patient outcomes. Quality of life (QOL) rather than just survival has also become an important consideration in HIV management strategies. The role of non-pharmacological interventions such as exercise to enhance self efficacy (which correlates with adherence) and QOL among people with HIV requires formal investigation.

We evaluated the impact of a supervised exercise program (SEP) on self-efficacy among people with HIV in a 24 week, randomised controlled trial of participation in a SEP with combined aerobic and resisted exercise (intervention) versus an individual walking program with monthly group forum (control). QOL and cardiovascular fitness were also evaluated as secondary endpoints. Twenty subjects were enrolled in each arm, and assessments were performed at baseline, 2 month and 6 months, including a Generic Self Efficacy Scale, 1 minute heart rate response post 3 minute step test, and a validated HIV-specific QOL survey.

Self efficacy and cardiovascular fitness improved in the intervention but not the control subjects over the study period (p<0.0001 for both). QOL also improved (8 out of 10 dimensions) in the intervention group but not in controls (0 out of 10 dimensions).

These data support the use of SEP as an important therapeutic intervention for people with HIV, with significant benefits to self efficacy, cardiovascular fitness and QOL over six months. Importantly, these benefits were not achieved through unsupervised exercise over the same period.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

HIV, aged at least 18 years

Exclusion Criteria:

  • any contraindications to exercise testing and training , severe cognitive impairment
  • inability to follow instructions,
  • regular exercise ( participating in 2 or more structured exercise sessions weekly for more than or equal to 6 months prior to enrolment).
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00157170

Australia, Victoria
Alfred Hospital
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 3004
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bayside Health
Principal Investigator: Soula Fillipas, BPhysio MPH Bayside Health
  More Information Identifier: NCT00157170     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 92/02
Study First Received: September 9, 2005
Last Updated: October 19, 2005

Keywords provided by Bayside Health:
self efficacy
quality of life

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases processed this record on September 21, 2017