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Serious Medication Errors in Pediatrics: Evaluation of Prevention Strategies

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00153205
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn
First Posted : September 12, 2005
Last Update Posted : February 16, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Patient Safety Foundation
Boston Children’s Hospital
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rainu Kaushal, MD, Brigham and Women's Hospital

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine how effective ward-based clinical pharmacists and computerized physician order entry systems are in reducing serious medication errors in pediatric inpatients.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Medication Errors Behavioral: computerized physician order entry Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
This is a prospective cohort study at Children's Hospital and Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH), before and after the introduction of two distinct interventions. The first intervention at Children's Hospital was the introduction of clinical pharmacists on inpatient pediatric wards to target errors at the stages of physician ordering and nurse transcription. The second intervention is technological: the introduction of physician computer order entry at the BWH neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). This intervention will most effectively target errors at the stage of physician ordering, and secondarily address errors at the stage of pharmacy dispensing and nurse transcription. Data on serious medication errors will be collected pre and post each intervention.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Serious Medication Errors in Pediatrics: Evaluation of Prevention Strategies
Study Start Date : February 2000
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2006
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Introduction of A Clinical Pharmacist Behavioral: computerized physician order entry
Experimental: Technological Behavioral: computerized physician order entry



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. serious medication errors


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients in the BWH NICU in the study pods during the study period

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients in other units, non-study pods, or outside of the study period

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00153205


Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02120
Sponsors and Collaborators
Brigham and Women's Hospital
National Patient Safety Foundation
Boston Children’s Hospital
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Rainu Kaushal BWH

Responsible Party: Rainu Kaushal, MD, Brigham and Women's Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00153205     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2005-P-000322/1; BWH
First Posted: September 12, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 16, 2017
Last Verified: February 2017

Keywords provided by Rainu Kaushal, MD, Brigham and Women's Hospital:
medication errors
medical records systems, computerized
patient safety