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The Effectiveness of Car Seat Checks at Routine Pediatric Visits

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Chicago Identifier:
First received: September 8, 2005
Last updated: September 4, 2013
Last verified: September 2013
The purpose of this research is to evaluate the effectiveness of checking car seats during pediatric well-child visits on the use and properness of use of car seats for children 0-8 years. We are following up with families when they return for the next pediatric check up to see if they are appropriately using car seats for their children.

Condition Intervention
Healthy Behavioral: Car Seat Check (behavior)

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: The Effectiveness of Car Seat Checks at Routine Pediatric Visits

Further study details as provided by University of Chicago:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Car seat us [ Time Frame: median of 105.5 days ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Proper car seat use [ Time Frame: 86.5 days ]

Enrollment: 364
Study Start Date: June 2001
Study Completion Date: December 2003
Primary Completion Date: September 2003 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Child Passenger Safety Technician services Behavioral: Car Seat Check (behavior)
At time of well child visit, family receives the services of a certified child passenger safety technician, including assessment, car seat distribution if needed and training.

Detailed Description:

The purpose of this investigation is to evaluate the effectiveness of a car seat inspection at the time of a pediatric visit on the proper use of car seats 4-6 months later.

Motor vehicle-related injury is the leading cause of death of children. Proper restraint in a motor vehicle reduces the risk of fatality in a crash by approximately 70%. However, multiple studies have found approximately 85% of car seats are misused. Urban poor and minority populations have been found to have higher child passenger death rates, and may have lower car seat usage rates than the rest of the population. Child passenger safety (CPS) technicians trained by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and certified by the American Automobile Association (AAA) capably check proper car seat usage in "check up" events, and operate recently established "fitting stations." However, we are not aware of an attempt to provide the CPS technical services to families attending a routine checkup with their medical provider.

This project will involve implementing and evaluating a program providing car seat checks at the time of routine pediatric visits at the Friend Family Health Center (FFHC). To determine if the car seat checks improve proper car seat use, children who receive the intervention will have their car seat use reassessed at the time of a scheduled return visit to their medical provider. The frequency of routinely scheduled health maintenance visits is greatest for the youngest children. Opportunities to collect follow up car seat use data therefore will be greatest for the youngest children. This evaluation will focus on 0 year olds. While we will also assess the older children and booster seat use, the sample size calculation for this study was determined for these younger children.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 8 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Children aged 0-8 years
  • Child's family has a vehicle

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Children over 8 years of age
  • Child's family does not have a vehicle
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00152568

United States, Illinois
The University of Chicago
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Chicago
Principal Investigator: Kyran Quinlan, M.D., M.P.H. University of Chicago
  More Information

Responsible Party: University of Chicago Identifier: NCT00152568     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 11119A
Study First Received: September 8, 2005
Last Updated: September 4, 2013

Keywords provided by University of Chicago:
Car Seat Check processed this record on September 19, 2017