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Does Shared Decision-Making Improve Asthma Outcomes?

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00149526
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 8, 2005
Last Update Posted : February 18, 2016
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Brief Summary:
To improve asthma outcomes by developing and evaluating strategies for enhancing the clinic-patient partnership. To develop a model of shared decision-making for asthma treatment, and to evaluate it in a two-year randomized clinical trial in 342 adults aged 18-70 years with sub-optimally controlled persistent asthma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Asthma Behavioral: Shared Decision-Making Not Applicable

Detailed Description:


Although much is now known about asthma, and there is effective asthma treatment, only about half of the patients with persistent asthma adhere to their prescribed long-term controller medication. One way to change this might be to involve patients more in decisions about their treatment.


Overview and study design This study is designed to evaluate the effectiveness of a model of shared decision-making in improving outcomes in adults aged 18-70 years with suboptimally controlled, mild-moderate persistent asthma. The shared decision-making model (SD) is being compared in a randomized controlled trial with a model based on national asthma guidelines (MG), and with usual care (UC).

Initially, we adapted the model of shared decision-making that has been used successfully in cancer to make it appropriate for a chronic disease (asthma). We will also adapted the KP Asthma Guidelines so that the two models (Management by Guidelines and Shared Decision-Making) take a similar amount of clinician-patient interaction time. We are comparing the two models and usual care in the primary care setting at Kaiser Permanente Northwest and Kaiser Permanente Hawaii in a randomized controlled trial with 24-month follow up. The individual asthma patient will be the unit of randomization.

Interventions were done by a care manager (nurse practitioner or clinical pharmacist) with experience in asthma, and the authority to change medication regimens. Different staff were used for the two intervention groups to minimize contamination between the groups attributable to the intervention. Eligible participants were randomized into the three groups (UC, MG, and SD) on an equal 1:1:1 basis, stratifying on prior health care utilization and within center (KPNW or KPH). All study participants are being followed for 24 months with clinic visits for data collection at 12 months. The MG and SD arms are receiving interim phone calls from the care managers at three, six, and nine months to assess problems with their treatment regimens, discuss changes that may be desired in treatment regimens, and encourage adherence. Different staff are responsible for data collection and intervention.

We will compare the MG and SD models versus usual care (UC vs MG; UC vs SD), and the MG and SD models (MG vs SD).

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : June 2001
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2006

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Asthma

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion: Asthma not well-controlled; doctor-diagnosed asthma; currently taking asthma medications; 12 % and 200ml increase in FEV1 after 2 puffs of an inhaled short-acting -agonist (SABA) bronchodilator ; 2 or more control problems identified using the ATAQ asthma control instrument; 18-70 years of age; willing to be randomized to one of the three treatment arms and to participate in follow-up for 2 years; Kaiser Permanente member for 1 year

Exclusion: Mild intermittent asthma, defined as either seasonal asthma or (daytime asthma symptoms <2x/week and nocturnal symptoms <2x/month and no use of controller medications); under the ongoing care of an allergist or pulmonologist; regular use of oral corticosteroids; currently receiving case-management for their asthma; unable to speak, read or understand English; planning to leave the catchment area within the next two years

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00149526    
Other Study ID Numbers: 261
R01HL067092 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: September 8, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 18, 2016
Last Verified: January 2008
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Bronchial Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Immune System Diseases