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Long Term Follow-up of Pegylated-Interferon Alpha-2b

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00146705
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 7, 2005
Last Update Posted : August 1, 2007
Information provided by:
Foundation for Liver Research

Brief Summary:
The aim of this study was to investigate the long term outcome of Peginterferon alpha-2b with or without the addition of lamivudine in patients with chronic hepatitis B

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Chronic Hepatitis B Procedure: blood samples are taken once

Detailed Description:

Interferon alpha therapy is a generally accepted agent for the treatment of chronic HBV infection and effective in about one third of patients. Recently, in the HBV 99-01 study, pegylated interferon alpha-2b (PEG-IFN) has been shown to be effective in HBeAg-positive patients with chronic hepatitis B. In this study, 266 patients were randomized to receive PEG-IFN in combination with either lamivudine or placebo for 52 weeks.

Thirty-six percent of patients receiving monotherapy and thirty-five percent receiving combination therapy had lost serum HBeAg at the end of the 26 week post-treatment follow-up period and there was no difference between treatment groups (P = 0.91). More patients on combination therapy initially seroconverted (44% of patients, compared with 29% on monotherapy; P = 0.01) at the end of treatment but relapsed during follow-up. Similar response patterns were seen when response was assessed by DNA suppression and change in ALT levels.

In contrast to nucleoside analogues, such as lamivudine and adefovir dipivoxil, the virological and biochemical response to standard alpha-interferon has been shown to be durable after treatment discontinuation.In addition, standard alpha-interferon leads to improved survival and reduction of hepatocellular carcinoma in chronic hepatitis B patients.Pegylated interferons have shown to be effective in HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B patients, but the durability of the response and long-term outcome of treatment have yet to be established.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 266 participants
Observational Model: Defined Population
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Long Term Follow-up of Pegylated-Interferon Alpha-2b and Lamivudine Combination Therapy in Patients With Chronic HBV Infection
Study Start Date : May 2005
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2006

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with chronic Hepatitis B who participated in the HBV 99-01 study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00146705

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University Medical Center Rotterdam
Rotterdam, dr Molewaterplein 40, Netherlands, 3015 GD
Sponsors and Collaborators
Foundation for Liver Research
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Principal Investigator: Harry LA Janssen, MD PhD Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00146705    
Other Study ID Numbers: LTFU HBV 99-01
First Posted: September 7, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 1, 2007
Last Verified: July 2007
Keywords provided by Foundation for Liver Research:
chronic HBV
long term follow-up
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B, Chronic
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepadnaviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Hepatitis, Chronic