Clinical Trial of Rifampin and Azithromycin for the Treatment of River Blindness
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00127504|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 8, 2005
Last Update Posted : August 24, 2005
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Onchocerciasis||Drug: Rifampin Drug: Azithromycin||Phase 2|
Mass treatment with ivermectin (Mectizan, Merck & Co) is the mainstay of the current efforts to control onchocerciasis, but the drug is not lethal to adult Onchocerca volvulus parasites. Wolbachia, an endosymbiotic bacterium necessary for the fecundity of O. volvulus, can be eradicated with four-six week courses of doxycycline, but this cannot be implemented in current mass drug administration programs. The purpose of this study is to evaluate if a shorter course (five days) with antibiotics that could be used in children and potentially pregnant women would likewise be effective.
Guatemalan patients with onchocercal nodules will be enrolled in an open label trial with four treatment groups: Group A (rifampin 20 mg/kg by mouth [po; maximum 600 mg/day]); B (azithromycin 12 mg/kg po [maximum 500 mg/day]); C (combination of rifampin 20 mg/kg po [maximum 600 mg/day] and azithromycin 12 mg/kg po [maximum 500 mg/day]); D (control group, multivitamin). At the end of the five day treatment course all participants will receive a single dose of ivermectin (150 mcg/kg).
Nodulectomies will be performed 9 months after treatment and the O. volvulus will be analyzed by immunohistochemical staining specific for Wolbachia.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Enrollment :||80 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Trial of Rifampin and Azithromycin for Treatment of Endosymbiotic Bacteria (Wolbachia) in Onchocerca Volvulus in Guatemala|
|Study Start Date :||July 2003|
|Study Completion Date :||May 2004|
- Eliminating Wolbachia endobacteria present in O. volvulus worms after 9 months
- Elimination of microfilaria in skin snips and histological examination of worms after 9 months
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00127504
|Universidad del Valle/MERTU|
|Guatemala City, Guatemala|
|Principal Investigator:||Josef Amann, MD, MPH||CDC/NCID/DPD|