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Visudyne® in Occult (VIO)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00121407
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 21, 2005
Last Update Posted : July 21, 2005
Information provided by:
QLT Inc.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate that Visudyne therapy in patients who have occult with no classic subfoveal choroidal neovascularization (CNV) lesions will, with an acceptable safety profile, significantly reduce the risk of vision loss compared with placebo (sham treatment).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Macular Degeneration Drug: Visudyne for injection Phase 3

Detailed Description:

This is a randomized, placebo-controlled, double masked, multicenter, Phase III study. Patients will be stratified by study center and randomized to Visudyne therapy or placebo in a 2:1 ratio, respectively. Patients will receive either a single intravenous dose of Visudyne or placebo followed 15 minutes after the start of the infusion by light application. Follow-up visits will occur every three months (+/- 2 weeks) for the duration of the study. Re-treatment may be administered every three months (through the Month 21 visit) if evidence of CNV leakage is detected by fluorescein angiography (as judged by the Investigator).

At baseline and at each follow-up visit, patients will undergo the following assessments: ophthalmic examination, best-corrected visual acuity, color fundus photography, and fluorescein angiography. Indocyanine green (ICG) angiography will be conducted at baseline, Month 12, and Month 24. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) will be done at baseline, Month 3, Month 6, Month 12, and Month 24. Adverse events and concomitant medications will be assessed throughout the study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 364 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Masked, Multicenter, Phase III Study of the Effect of Visudyne Therapy in Occult With No Classic Subfoveal Choroidal Neovascularization (CNV) Secondary to Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD): Visudyne in Occult (VIO)
Study Start Date : March 2002
Study Completion Date : August 2005

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Verteporfin

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The primary efficacy variable is the patient responder rate. The patient responder rate has two definitions as described below:
  2. • The proportion of patients who lose less than 15 letters (<3 lines) of best-corrected visual acuity in the study eye from baseline
  3. • The proportion of patients who lose fewer than 30 letters (<6 lines) of best-corrected visual acuity in the study eye from baseline

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. • The proportion of patients whose best-corrected visual acuity decreased to fewer than 34 letters (approximate Snellen equivalent of 20/200)
  2. • Change from baseline in visual acuity score
  3. • Cumulative proportion of patients who develop predominantly classic CNV in the study eye (identified by the Investigator and confirmed by a central reading center).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients are men or women age 50 years or older.
  • Patients must have occult CNV secondary only to AMD in the study eye, without any other concurrent retinal disease present that may also be associated with CNV (e.g., pathologic myopia, ocular histoplasmosis syndrome, etc.). In the case that both eyes are eligible, only one eye will be treated and the decision of which eye will be treated will be made between the patient and physician.
  • Patients must have blood associated with the lesion or must have shown a progression of the disease within the preceding 3 months before randomization to treatment. For the purpose of this study, disease progression is defined as either:

    • a documented loss of vision (six or more letters with the ETDRS chart or at least three lines with a Snellen chart) using best-corrected visual acuity assessments; or
    • documented fluorescein angiographic evidence of a 10% increase in the lesion's greatest linear dimension.
  • Patients must have lesions in the study eye with the following characteristics as determined by fluorescein angiography:

    • Evidence that occult CNV involves the geometric center of the foveal avascular zone;
    • The lesion has only occult CNV with no classic CNV;
    • The area of occult CNV must occupy at least 50% of the total lesion.
  • Patients must have a best-corrected visual acuity score in the study eye between 73 and 34 letters (approximate Snellen equivalent of 20/40 to 20/200), inclusive. Visual acuity will be measured with an ETDRS chart using the procedure developed for the TAP/VIP studies.
  • Patients must meet at least one of the following criteria:

    • CNV lesion ≤4 MPS disc areas;
    • Visual acuity score <65 letters.
  • Female patients of child-bearing potential must not be pregnant or lactating, must have a negative pregnancy test (serum or urine) at baseline and must be practicing an adequate method of birth control. Acceptable methods of birth control include intrauterine device (IUD); oral, implanted or injected contraceptives; and barrier methods with spermicide.
  • Patients must sign an approved informed consent that complies with relevant regulatory requirements prior to undergoing any study-related procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with a greatest linear dimension (GLD) of the entire lesion that exceeds 5400 microns
  • Patients with a lesion size >6 MPS disc area (15.24 mm2)
  • Patients with a CNV lesion size that is >4 MPS disc areas associated with a best-corrected visual acuity score that is >=65 letters (approximate Snellen equivalent of 20/50 or better) at the initial visit.
  • Patients who have a known hypersensitivity/allergy to Visudyne, porfimer sodium, or other porphyrins; porphyria or other porphyrin sensitivity; or hypersensitivity to sunlight or bright artificial light.
  • Patients who have the following in the study eye: a tear (rip) of the RPE; a vitelliform-like lesion of the outer retina (e.g., as in pattern dystrophies or basal laminar drusen); idiopathic parafoveal telangiectasis, retinal lesion anastomosis, or central serous retinopathy.
  • Patients with a known allergy to fluorescein dye.
  • Patients who have any additional ocular diseases which have irreversibly compromised or, during follow-up, could likely compromise the visual acuity of the study eye including amblyopia, elevated intraocular pressure (≥30 mm Hg), anterior ischemic optic neuropathy, clinically significant diabetic macular edema, severe non proliferative diabetic retinopathy, proliferative diabetic retinopathy or cataract (lens or capsule) obscuring easy identification of the CNV lesion on biomicroscopy or fluorescein angiography.
  • Patients who are unable to be photographed to document CNV, e.g., due to media opacity, cataract obscuring the CNV, allergy to fluorescein dye, or lack of venous access.
  • Patients who have had treatment for CNV in the study eye with photodynamic therapy (PDT), transpupillary thermotherapy (TTT), or other local treatment (such as submacular surgery). Previous laser photocoagulation therapy is acceptable, provided it was not subfoveal.
  • Patients who are participating in any other clinical study or are receiving, or have received any experimental systemic treatment for AMD (e.g., retinoic acid, thalidomide) or any other investigational new drug within 12 weeks prior to the start of study treatment.
  • Patients who have undergone intraocular surgery within the last two months or Nd:YAG capsulotomy within the last month in the study eye.
  • Patients who have a history of moderate to severe hepatic impairment (patients with this history may be included if laboratory tests are performed and results indicate that they are within the normal limits).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00121407

Sponsors and Collaborators
QLT Inc.
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Study Director: Joel Naor, MD QLT Inc.
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00121407    
Other Study ID Numbers: BPD OCR 013 (VIO)
First Posted: July 21, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 21, 2005
Last Verified: July 2005
Keywords provided by QLT Inc.:
Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
Photodynamic Therapy (PDT)
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Macular Degeneration
Retinal Degeneration
Retinal Diseases
Eye Diseases
Photosensitizing Agents
Dermatologic Agents