Radiofrequency Ablation in Treating Patients With Stage I Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology Identifier:
First received: May 3, 2005
Last updated: July 1, 2016
Last verified: July 2016
This pilot clinical trial studies how well radiofrequency ablation works in treating patients with stage IA non-small cell lung cancer. Radiofrequency ablation uses high-frequency electric current to kill tumor cells. Computed tomography (CT)-guided radiofrequency ablation may be a better treatment for non-small cell lung cancer.

Condition Intervention
Lung Cancer
Procedure: Computed Tomography-Guided Optical Sensor-Guided Radiofrequency Ablation

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Study of Radiofrequency Ablation in High-Risk Patients With Stage IA Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: At 2 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall time to local failure [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
  • Overall time to recurrence [ Time Frame: assessed up to 2 years ]
  • Proportion of technical success assessed by captured images from the treatment CT showing RFA electrode placement and the recorded RFA generator parameters (e.g., impedance, current, power, treatment time and maximum intra-tumoral temperature) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
  • Incidence of adverse events using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
  • Change in pulmonary function [ Time Frame: Baseline to up to 2 years ]

Estimated Enrollment: 55
Study Start Date: September 2006
Primary Completion Date: July 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (RFA therapy)
A radiofrequency electrode is placed by CT guidance into the target tumor. Patients undergo RFA directly to the tumor for up to 12 minutes to obtain an intratumoral temperature > 60° C. Patients may receive 3 RFA treatments (a total of 36 minutes) to obtain the target temperature.
Procedure: Computed Tomography-Guided Optical Sensor-Guided Radiofrequency Ablation
Undergo RFA
Other Name: CT-guided optical sensor-guided radiofrequency ablation, CT-guided optical sensor-guided RF ablation

Detailed Description:


I. To assess the overall 2-year survival rate after radiofrequency ablation (RFA).


I. To assess freedom from regional or distant recurrence. II. To assess freedom from local recurrence in the ablated lobe. III. To estimate the number of procedures deemed technical successes. IV. To evaluate procedure-specific morbidity and mortality. V. To explore the utility of immediate (within 96 hours) post-RFA positron emission tomography (PET) in predicting overall survival and local control.

VI. To explore the effect of RFA on both short-term (3 months post-RFA) and long-term (24 months post-RFA) pulmonary function.


A radiofrequency electrode is placed by CT guidance into the target tumor. Patients undergo RFA directly to the tumor for up to 12 minutes to obtain an intratumoral temperature > 60° Celsius (C). Patients may receive 3 RFA treatments (a total of 36 minutes) to obtain the target temperature.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year and then every 6 months for 1 year.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have a lung nodule suspicious for clinical stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)
  • Patient must have a mass =< 3 cm maximum diameter by CT size estimate: clinical stage IA
  • Patient must have been evaluated by a thoracic surgeon and been deemed at high risk for a lung resection; NOTE: if the evaluating surgeon is not a member of American College of Surgeons Oncology Group (ACOSOG), then an ACOSOG thoracic surgeon must confirm with dated signature that the patient is high-risk and appropriate for RFA
  • Patient must have fludeoxyglucose F 18 (FDG)-PET and a CT scan of the chest with upper abdomen within 60 days prior to pre-registration; patient must have pulmonary function tests (PFTs) within 120 days prior to registration
  • Patient must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG)/Zubrod performance status 0, 1, or 2
  • Patient must meet at least one major criterion or meet a minimum of two minor criteria as described below:

    • Major criteria

      • Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) =< 50% predicted
      • Diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) =< 50% predicted
    • Minor Criteria

      • Age >= 75
      • FEV1 51-60% predicted
      • DLCO 51-60% predicted
      • Pulmonary hypertension (defined as a pulmonary artery systolic pressure greater than 40 mmHg) as estimated by echocardiography or right heart catheterization
      • Poor left ventricular function (defined as an ejection fraction of 40% or less)
      • Resting or exercise arterial partial pressure of oxygen (pO2) =< 55 mmHg or oxygen saturation (SpO2) =< 88%
      • Partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2) > 45 mmHg
      • Modified Medical Research Council (MMRC) Dyspnea Scale >= 3
  • Patient must not have had previous intra-thoracic radiation therapy
  • Women of child-bearing potential must have negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 2 weeks of registration
  • Patient must have histologically or cytologically proven NSCLC, 3 cm or smaller, as determined by the largest dimension on CT lung windows
  • Patient's tumor must be non-contiguous with vital structures: trachea, esophagus, aorta, aortic arch branches and heart and lesions must be accessible via percutaneous transthoracic route
  • Patient must have all suspicious mediastinal lymph nodes (> 1 cm short-axis dimension on CT scan or positive on PET scan) assessed by the following to confirm negative involvement with NSCLC (mediastinoscopy, endo-esophageal ultrasound-guided needle aspiration, CT-guided, video-assisted thoracoscopic or open lymph node biopsy)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00109876

United States, Alabama
UAB Comprehensive Cancer Center
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
United States, California
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center at UCLA
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095-1781
University of California Davis Cancer Center
Sacramento, California, United States, 95817
United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Boston University Cancer Research Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02118
United States, Michigan
William Beaumont Hospital - Royal Oak Campus
Royal Oak, Michigan, United States, 48073
United States, New York
Stony Brook University Cancer Center
Stony Brook, New York, United States, 11794-9446
United States, North Carolina
Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599-7295
United States, Ohio
Good Samaritan Hospital Cancer Treatment Center
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45220
United States, Oregon
Providence Cancer Center at Providence Portland Medical Center
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97213-2967
United States, Rhode Island
Rhode Island Hospital Comprehensive Cancer Center
Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02903
United States, Tennessee
H. Clay Evans Johnson Cancer Center at Memorial Hospital
Chattanooga, Tennessee, United States, 37404
United States, Texas
Medical City Dallas Hospital
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75230
United States, Utah
Huntsman Cancer Institute at University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84112
United States, Washington
Providence Cancer Center at Sacred Heart Medical Center
Spokane, Washington, United States, 99204
Providence Cancer Center at Holy Family Hospital
Spokane, Washington, United States, 99207
United States, Wisconsin
Medical College of Wisconsin Cancer Center
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States, 53226
Sponsors and Collaborators
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Damian E. Dupuy, MD Rhode Island Hospital
  More Information

Responsible Party: Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology Identifier: NCT00109876     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACOSOG-Z4033  CDR0000426417 
Study First Received: May 3, 2005
Last Updated: July 1, 2016

Keywords provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:
stage I non-small cell lung cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms processed this record on January 23, 2017