Etanercept for Treatment of Hidradenitis
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00107991|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 12, 2005
Results First Posted : January 14, 2011
Last Update Posted : March 21, 2018
This study is being done to test a drug called etanercept (Enbrel®). Etanercept has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of chronic moderate to severe plaque psoriasis (PsO), for use in reducing the signs and symptoms of moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in adults and children, and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in adults. It is available by prescription for the treatment of PsO, RA, PsA, and AS. Etanercept is approved for injection under the skin at a dose of 50 mg per week in patients with psoriasis.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether etanercept is safe and effective for the treatment of hidradenitis. Another purpose of this study is to determine the impact of etanercept treatment of hidradenitis on skin related to quality of life.
The skin lesions typically associated with hidradenitis are thought to be partly due to a blockage that occurs in sweat glands, called apocrine ducts, which become inflamed and eventually destroyed. A protein found in the body called tumor necrosis factor alpha, or TNF- α, is a hormone that causes this inflammation or swelling. The study drug, etanercept, blocks the action of TNF- α. By blocking the action of TNF-α, etanercept may provide a reduction in the signs and symptoms of hidradenitis.
This study will take place at the University of Pennsylvania and will involve up to 21 participants ages 18 and up. Approximately 21 subjects will participate at the University of Pennsylvania.
Each patient will participate in this study for a maximum of 6 months. The study consists of a screening visit, baseline assessment visit (Day 1), a treatment period (Week 2 - Week 14), and a one month follow-up visit (Week 18 visit). The total duration of the study will be approximately 2 years.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Hidradenitis Suppurativa||Drug: etanercept||Phase 2|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||15 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||A Phase II Open Label Clinical Trial of Etanercept for the Treatment of Hidradenitis Suppurativa|
|Study Start Date :||April 2005|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||August 2008|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||November 2008|
Experimental: Treatment arm
Open-label treatment with etanercept 50 mg/week subcutaneous injection
etanercept 50 mg/week subcutaneous injection
Other Name: Enbrel
- 50% Reduction in Physician's Global Assessment Score (Percent of Participants) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
Efficacy was measured using the Physician Global Assessment (PGA). Responders were classified as those achieving at least a 50% reduction on the Physician Global Assessment score at week 12 compared with baseline. A response rate was calculated as the percentage of patients that were classified as responders at 12-weeks.
PGA was scored at baseline and at 12 weeks on a 100-mm visual analog scale, with 0 indicating no disease and 100-mm indicating severe disease.
- 50% Reduction in Number of Lesions (Percent of Participants) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]A physician assessed number of lesions as baseline and week 12. Responders were defined as those achieving at least a 50% reduction in number of lesions. A response rate was calculated as percentage of patients classified as responders.
- Patient Global Assessment [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
The Patient Global Assessment asked patients to rate the extent of hidradenitis activity compared to when the patient started treatment with etanercept (day 0 of study). The scale included a selection of:
Much worse than before treatment Moderately worse (about 50% more disease activity) A little worse Same A little improved Moderately improved (about 50% reduction in disease activity) Much better than before treatment (no active disease or almost no active disease)
- Patient's Pain Score [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]Patient's were asked to self-report their pain on a 100-mm visual analog scale (with 0 corresponding to no pain and 100 mm corresponding to severe pain). Responders were defined as those achieving at least a 50% reduction in pain score from baseline to week 12. Response rate was calculated as the percentage of patients classified as responders.
- Dermatology Life Quality Index Score (DLQI) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
The DLQI is a dermatology-specific health-related quality of life measure. The effect on a patient's life is as follows: 0-1=none; 2-5=small; 6-10=moderate; 11-20=very large; and 21-30=extremely large. Responders were defined as those who achieved a 50% improvement in the DLQI score.
Response rates were calculated as the percentage of participants achieving a response.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00107991
|Principal Investigator:||Joel Gelfand, MD||University of Pennsylvania|