ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Risperidone Treatment for Military Service Related Chronic Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (CSP #504)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00099983
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 22, 2004
Results First Posted : August 22, 2014
Last Update Posted : August 22, 2014
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Janssen, LP
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
VA Office of Research and Development ( US Department of Veterans Affairs )

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this research of 400 participants is to determine whether a drug called risperidone can decrease symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). It is a placebo-controlled study, meaning that half of the participants will be assigned to receive a pill that contains no drug. The treatment phase of the study will last for 6 months, during which time participants will continue to receive all their usual treatments in addition to the study treatment and will be asked to complete procedures and assessments (questionnaires, interviews, laboratory tests, physical exams, etc.) related to their PTSD symptoms at various points within the 6-month treatment phase. At the end of the 6-month study, participants will discontinue the study treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Stress Disorders Post-Traumatic Drug: Risperidone Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Primary Hypothesis: Risperidone will reduce symptoms of PTSD, relative to placebo, in veterans with military service related chronic PTSD who have been partial or non-responders to antidepressant medications.

Secondary Hypothesis: Risperidone is safe and well-tolerated in veterans with military service related chronic PTSD, and patients will comply with its prescription. As a result, patients will show improvement in the secondary consequences of PTSD for the veteran and for the VA.

Intervention: Usual (PTSD) care plus Risperidone vs usual (PTSD) care plus placebo Study Abstract: Four hundred veterans with the diagnosis of military-related PTSD will be enrolled at 20 VAMC hospitals over a two-year period. An equipoise stratification design will be used to randomize patients in a double-blind manner to risperidone or placebo (~200 patients in each group) for six months of treatment. Usual care will be provided for all patients for treatment of PTSD and other psychiatric and medical disorders. Comparisons between the risperidone and placebo groups will be made at the end of six months to answer the primary question. The sample size is calculated to give 90% power at the two-sided alpha level of 0.05 for the overall test for the CAPS score change.

STUDY UPDATE/NOTES: The study kicked-off in late July 2006 with recruitment expected to begin October 1, 2006.

Oct2006 - Participating sites are seeking approval for the protocol amendment which resulted from the Kick-Off meeting. Patient recruitment at each site will begin as soon as they receive approval of the amendment.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 296 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: CSP #504 - Risperidone Treatment for Military Service Related Chronic Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Study Start Date : October 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Risperidone

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Risperidone
1 mg/day tablet for week one, increasing by 1 mg/day weekly to a target dose of 3 mg/day to a maximum of 4 mg/day allowed after a minimum of 4 weeks at the target dose 3 mg/day
Drug: Risperidone
Initiate treatment with a low dose (1 mg/day HS) for week one, increasing by 1 mg/day weekly to a target dose of 3 mg/day. Escalation to a maximum of 4 mg/day will be allowed after a minimum of 4 weeks at the target dose (3 mg/day). Reduction to a lower dose will be allowed at any time, based on adverse effects. Treatment will continue for 6 months. Patients who discontinue treatment will be allowed to resume treatment at any time.
Other Name: Risperdal

Placebo Comparator: Sugar Pill
Placebo 1 mg/day tablet for week one, increasing by 1 mg/day weekly to a target dose of 3 mg/day to a maximum of 4 mg/day allowed after a minimum of 4 weeks at the target dose 3 mg/day
Drug: Placebo
Placebo
Other Name: Suger Pill




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in CAPS Score From Baseline to Week 24 [ Time Frame: 24 Weeks ]
    The primary outcome measure for this study was the total score on the 34-item Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS). This study was the intent-to-treat analysis of the improvement in PTSD symptoms from baseline to week-24 follow-up as measured by the CAPS. Total score range for the CAPS is 0-136 with higher values representing a worse outcome. This study was powered initially to detect a 9-point difference between the treatment groups in the CAPS change score.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 18 years or older
  • Military service related chronic PTSD
  • CAPS score >50
  • Participant in VA outpatient PTSD clinic
  • History of non-response to two or more antidepressants

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Comorbid Axis I diagnosis requiring antipsychotic medication
  • Substance dependence diagnosis (excluding nicotine)
  • Hepatic or renal problems
  • Incompatible medical diagnosis or medication (i.e., coumadin, insulin)
  • Unstable living arrangements
  • Assault or suicide gesture within 1 year

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00099983


  Show 20 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
US Department of Veterans Affairs
Janssen, LP
Investigators
Study Chair: John H. Krystal VA Connecticut Health Care System (West Haven)

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: US Department of Veterans Affairs
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00099983     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 504
First Posted: December 22, 2004    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 22, 2014
Last Update Posted: August 22, 2014
Last Verified: August 2014

Keywords provided by VA Office of Research and Development ( US Department of Veterans Affairs ):
PTSD

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Disease
Stress Disorders, Traumatic
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Pathologic Processes
Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders
Mental Disorders
Risperidone
Serotonin Antagonists
Serotonin Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antipsychotic Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Psychotropic Drugs
Dopamine Antagonists
Dopamine Agents